I am reading the splendid book of Sofies World in Italian. My mother probablty got it from a cousin of mine, that is one of her nephews.

The history of philosophy in this book helps me better understand the time before Jesus and  how the Catholic Church’s dogmas were shaped thereafter. This page is just a start. I don’t know how it will grow. I have no other goal than document my knowledge achievements. I have no other ambitions with it.


here is the content of “Sophies world” in the order I prefer to present it.
I add keywords that characterize the philosopher or title and page info to find the subject in the Italian version.

  1. The Semitic world (p 169)

  2. The indoeuropean world (p 165)

    • Understanding Nature

      • The three Mileto philosophers (p 40)
        • Taletes –  “the originating water” (p 40)
        • Anaximandros -“Apeiron”(p 41)
        • Anaximenes – “The originating air”(p 41)
      • Parmenides 
        “Rely on reason!” – “Nothing changes” (p 44-45)
      • Heraklitos
        “Rely on senses!” – “All flows”, “You can not jump into the same river!”, “Opposite states”,  “Good and evil necessary” God” in nature (Like Paul wrote)”Logos” in everything “(inspired John)  (p 43)
      • Empedokles
        “Parmenides and Heraclitus are right” but “Nothing changes”, “the origin is not one.
        Everything is a mixture of earth, air, water and fire”. (p 44)
      • Anassagora “(p 47) “Invisible origin” “Noûs”
      • Democritos 
        “immutable atoms”(p 51)
        Flue – “Influentia” from Gods -” (p 64)
        the birth of medicine science
        Hippocratic tradition- moderation (p 64) 
    • the Sophists – “skepticism agnosticism”, “no answer to natures mysteries”(p 73)
      • Protagoras
        “Good and evil is relative”(p 73)
    • Socrates
      (p 74) “to know that you don’t know is wisdom”,” (p 70) “There are absolute and universal norms!” (p.74)
    • The art of dialog ” (p 75)
    • Platon 
      “World of Ideas” (p 95)
    • Aristotle
      “Logic” (p 125)
      “Ethics”(p 129) “Politics
      The Ideal State”(p 130),
      “The woman” (p 131)

  3. Helenism (p 136)

    • The cynics (p 145)
    • The stoics (p 146)
    • the Epicureans (p 149)
    • The mystics (p 152)
    • Neoplatonism (p 150)
    • Spinoza(p 261)
    • Locke (p 271)
    • Hume (p 281)
    • Berkeley (p 296)
    • Kant (p 338) 
    • Hegel (p 379)
    • Kirkegaard (p 392) – “Existencialism”



A pluralist agnostic seeker

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