I came over a book about Galileo and met again the old science faith conflict issue.
Galileo was the first scientist that came in conflict with the Vatican interpretation of the Bible despite being a friend of the bishop Bellarmino who later became pope Urban III.
I wondered why the Vatican changed its mind about Galileo 1992 October 31. This page is dedicated to this issue.
ordThe reason why Galileo was processed and condemned to house arrest until his death 1642 was a text in Joshua were Joshua asked God to stop the sun and moon. But Science has discovered that the book of Joshua is the oldest record of a eclipse 30 october 1.207 BC ( Source: www.cam.ac.uk/ )
The Pontifical University of the Holy Cross, Rome,Today leads disf.org and its English version http://inters.org/ sites that discuss faith and science issues.
Another source I will look at, is this Italian book publlished 2017 called in English “the miracle of faith and Science”:
- The conflicts
- The first conflict -Heliocentrism
- The second conflict -the theory of evolution
- The third conflict – neuroscience
- A Ted: Can a scientist be religious?
The first conflict – Heliocentrism
About Copernicus and Galileo
Joshua 10:12-13 says
12 Joshua then spoke to Yahweh, the day Yahweh delivered the Amorites to the Israelites. In the presence of Israel, Joshua said: Sun, stand still over Gibeon, and, moon, you too, over the Vale of Aijalon!
13 And the sun stood still, and the moon halted, until the people had taken vengeance on their enemies. Is this not written in the Book of the Just? The sun stood still in the middle of the sky and delayed its setting for almost a whole day.
According to www.cam.ac.uk/, the word for the sun that stood still has the same origin as the babilonic word for eclipse.
Hebrew: way·ya·‘ă·mōḏ וַיַּעֲמֹ֤ד
English Bible translation: So stood still
Professor Sir Colin Humphreys interested in relating scientific knowledge to the Bible said : “But going back to the original Hebrew text, we determined that an alternative meaning could be that the sun and moon just stopped doing what they normally do: they stopped shining. In this context, the Hebrew words could be referring to a solar eclipse, when the moon passes between the earth and the sun, and the sun appears to stop shining. This interpretation is supported by the fact that the Hebrew word translated ‘stand still’ has the same root as a Babylonian word used in ancient astronomical texts to describe eclipses.” (Read more in www.cam.ac.uk/ )
Science explains the Bible:
Here follows a translation of a Italian article published in www.meteoweb.eu
According to the study published earlier in the month by the scientific periodical Astronomy and Geophysics and entitled “Solar eclipse of 1207 BCE helps to date pharaohs” , a new interpretation of the passage suggests that the more than mystical event is scientific: a typical annular solar eclipse which makes the sun appear larger than the moon, complete with a luminous crown around the black disk.
Moreover, the authors explain Colin Humphreys and Graeme Waddington , the eclipse would have occurred on October 30, 1,207 BC during the reign of Ramses II , better known as Ramses The Great. A dating that brings together the main experts of Egyptology specialized in the reign of Ramses II.
“The text refers to a solar eclipse,” say the authors of the study. ” Since a solar eclipse occurs only when the moon is between the earth and the sun, the moon is not visible and in this way does not reflect sunlight onto the earth.” If the hypothesis were correct, it would also confirm the hypothesis that the miracle (of science) would have occurred in Gabaon, the current Al Jib, a village 10 kilometers from Jerusalem.
The intuition came with an alternative reading of the facts. According to Colin Humphreys professor of the Department of Materials Sciences and Metallurgy of the University of Cambridge and co-author of the paper, “the modern English translation, which is based on that of 1611, says that the sun and moon stopped. However, starting from the original text we understood that the words had a double interpretation: the stars had stopped shining. In this context, Jewish testimony could be linked to a solar eclipse. “
To support the this there is also the fact that the word that translates to “stop” has the same root as that used in the Babylonian texts to indicate the eclipse. As for the passage of the Jews to Canaan between 1500 and 1050, other evidence is provided by the Stele of di Merenptah or Stele of Israel found in 1896 by Flinders Petrie at the funerary temple of Merenptah in Tebeed.
It is currently kept in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. The passage is best known for having ‘framed’ Galileo Galilei, condemning him in 1633 from the Holy Office to the abjuration for his ‘heresies’ linked to his astronomical conceptions contrary to Aristotelian philosophy and the Holy Scriptures. It took 359 years for the Church to rehabilitate and apologize to the father of modern science.
the person who interprets Scripture must understand it correctly.
The third conflict – neuroscience
The last conflict we are in is between faith and neuroscience.
I wrote about it in www.kinberg.net/wordpress/stellan/2018/08/06/neurotheology/
I am not so suprised to see that pope Francis has accepted to have his brain analyzed in MRT before and after spiritual readings. We could say that we can make a scan to proove that we are Christian, Muslims, Buddhist or whatever believer. All kind of believes activate the so called Neuro Spiritual System
2. The pleasure area in our limbic system:
The interesting thing with this test was that they used quotations from the writings of Mormon C.S. Lewis. He’s sometimes referred to in Mormonism as a 13th apostle. (Source: Ted transcript)
Michael Ferguson then said (Source: Ted transcript):
“We randomized these teachings across all of the trials. And we asked the participants to rank how meaningful they were, how strongly they felt the Spirit,”
- once at the beginning of their study session,
- and a second time, following a 30-minute period of prayer, of scripture study and of religious devotion.
Can a scientist be religious?
How can a scientist believe in supernatural and mystical elements?
http://www.the-brights.net/ is a comunity of people who “have a naturalistic worldview, free of supernatural or mystical elements.”
There are things that Science still can not examine as it is not material, can not be numerated and is not measurable.
Can Science explain these questions:
- What about the documented afterlife experiences? Fake?
What about reincarnation, the kids who talked about a previous life while being infants? Fake?
- Whats about the psychological effects of poetry?
- What about our habilities to think?
- How about your inner voice? Psychosis?
- What about the quantum physics absurdities, like Quantum entanglement, Particle duality and other peculiar phenomena, etc? Fake?
Psychologists analyze these issues but they can not proove their conclusions.
This Ted deals with this issue:
I think that the Pontifical Academy of Sciences with John Paul II are right when they say that we are Spiritual and corporeal beings.
or in other words we are dual,
we have a analytic and a social-empathic thinking or brain activities that are opposing. These activities sometime even suppress each others. They are like yin and yang. Scientifically speaking, we have two anti-correlated brain networks.
Dr. Tony Jack gives us in his Ted a good example of how our brain works. We have bi-stable images like this below where we can see either a duck or a rabbit but not both at the same time. This shows how our brain works. We have difficulties to use both networks at the same timeas they suppress each other.
I like this thougth:
I dont have this problem anymore thanks to Quntum Physics that is demonstrated mathematically and partly also in laboratory.
Here are the sources I read most of all:
- Italian sources
- Book: “il miracolo fra scienza e fede”, Tulipano, Valguarnera
- Other international sources
Wiht Antonino Aichichi In Italian. I have not written about this yet.
In my illuministic Genesis I followed the Quranic creation story but had Adams soul b incarnated in a Homo sapiens/Neanderthal hybrid body, perfectly adapted to life on Earth. It looks like i were on the right path writing this Genesis May 2018.
I am happy that that we have the Pontifical Academy of Sciences and that the Church wants to follow the evolutionary research of “the origin of the human body, which would derive from pre-existing organic matter” as Pius XII wrote 1950.
My reading of the texts above and writing this page, has led me into a new search of understanding: “the human soul” and “the origin of our soul”.