Category Archives: Jesus

24 Jesus clever joke

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Introduction

Saturday evening April 20 we read that Jesus appeared with two of the disciples in a funny way.  He was resurrected and he made  yhe two disciples  believe he was a stranger to have them tell how they  experienced and saw his death. That gave him the opportunity to tell them about the many signs given in the scriptures by the old prophets.

In Scandinavia it is Easter tradition that the childrens go look in the garden if the Bunny has left a chocolate egg. Also in Italy it is tradition to buy big Easter chocolate eggs. 

Why are these two events celebrated together?  I will try to share light on this question in this post.

Index

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The NT text

LUke 24,13-35 tells about a funny way for Jesus to appear after his death.

13 Now that very same day, two of them were on their way to a village called Emmaus, seven miles from Jerusalem, 14 and they were talking together about all that had happened. 15 And it happened that as they were talking together and discussing it, Jesus himself came up and walked by their side; 16 but their eyes were prevented from recognising him. 

Of course they did not recognize him as they did not expect him appear like that. So Jesus made them believe he did not know what has happened.

17 He said to them, ‘What are all these things that you are discussing as you walk along?’ They stopped, their faces downcast. 18 Then one of them, called Cleopas, answered him, ‘You must be the only person staying in Jerusalem who does not know the things that have been happening there these last few days.’

Again Jesus plays ignorant

19 He asked, ‘What things?’ They answered, ‘All about Jesus of Nazareth, who showed himself a prophet powerful in action and speech before God and the whole people; 20 and how our chief priests and our leaders handed him over to be sentenced to death, and had him crucified. 

21 Our own hope had been that he would be the one to set Israel free. And this is not all: two whole days have now gone by since it all happened; 22 and some women from our group have astounded us: they went to the tomb in the early morning, 23 and when they could not find the body, they came back to tell us they had seen a vision of angels who declared he was alive. 24 Some of our friends went to the tomb and found everything exactly as the women had reported, but of him they saw nothing.’

Now Jesus starts making them understand

25 Then he said to them, ‘You foolish men! So slow to believe all that the prophets have said! 26 Was it not necessary that the Christ should suffer before entering into his glory?’ 27 Then, starting with Moses and going through all the prophets, he explained to them the passages throughout the scriptures that were about himself.

 28 When they drew near to the village to which they were going, he made as if to go on; 29 but they pressed him to stay with them saying, ‘It is nearly evening, and the day is almost over.’ So he went in to stay with them.

30 Now while he was with them at table, he took the bread and said the blessing; then he broke it and handed it to them. 31 And their eyes were opened and they recognised him; but he had vanished from their sight. 32 Then they said to each other, ‘Did not our hearts burn within us as he talked to us on the road and explained the scriptures to us?’

33 They set out that instant and returned to Jerusalem. There they found the Eleven assembled together with their companions, 34 who said to them, ‘The Lord has indeed risen and has appeared to Simon.’ 35 Then they told their story of what had happened on the road and how they had recognised him at the breaking of bread.

 

This is a wonderful piece of text where Jesus is making a clever joke having the two disciples believe he is a foreigner to have them tell what happened. Indeed a clever joke. it is simply to nice and clever  to have been invented by Luke.

Pagan origins

I looked at a video that gave med some light on my question above.

The speaker in the video below, says among others:

“There is no doubt hat the stroy of Jesus was embelished with far more ancient mythology to keep the ancient knowledge alive and to encope the wisdon in teh NewTestamentfor future generations.

The Bible is certainly  acarefully crafted work of art”

Look at the video below or read text in  Joanna  Gilliians article at  https://www.ancient-origins.net

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Conclusions

I believe that God, haveing created and controling the Quantum world, is able to do anything. So I believe that Jesus resurrected for two reasons. 

That Jesus choosed to enter Jerusalem at Easter /Passover was a intelligent step.  Jerusalem was crowded by visitors coming to make offers at the temple, from all over Judea and Galilea.

His sacrifice was to be seen by as many people as possible. Crucifixion was a normal event in Jerusalem  that was controled  by the Romans. But Jesus Resurrection was such a strong sign that it added a lot to the impact and spreading of Jesus messages across the Mediterranean. The resurrection made people unerstand that this was not a ordinary man like many others, that was curcified. This is the second reason I believe in the Resurrection. Looking at the impact, the enthusiasm of the disciples after this and the  huge  spreading of Jesus word, the Resurrection must have happened.

23. Jesus the divine offer

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introduction

The doctrin of Christianity is that “Jesus died on the cross for the   sins of humans. If we accept this, your will be saved”  Noone ever could give me acceptable explanation of this.

Why should Jesus suffer such a dead for our 21th century humans sins? Are all sinners the cause  of the horrible death of Jesus?  It sounds like God sacrificed Jesus to torture and death, because we were sinners. 

Muslims do not accept that Jesus was killed as “Allah would not have permitted that a messenger like Jesus  would have been treated like that”. I supported for long time this idea as there is a tomb in Srinagar, India that supports this Musim believe.

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crucifixion

Crucifixion was such a gruesome and humiliating way to die that the subject was somewhat of a taboo in Roman culture, and only a few crucifixions were specifically documented. One of the only specific female crucifixions we have documented is that of Ida, a freedwoman (former slave) who was crucified by order of Tiberius.” (Source: Wiki  )

crucifixion was however  a frequently used Roman mass execution practice. Over 2000 soldiers of the defeated Spartacus army was curcified south of Rome. The Romans developed practical and efficient crucifixion methods.

This video below  tells about the execution practices around the Mediterranean Sea from the Assyrian stakes  to the Romans Tao and Latin crosses. The Jehonan remains in Israel maybe tell how Jesus was crucified. Read more at www.biblicalarchaeology.org

 
Some say that the crucifixion and hand nailing of Jesus is proved by the shroud in Torino, Italy.

The scientific results of studying the shroud are intresting.

physical effects of cruxifiction

Dr Fredrik Zugibe in Rockland County, New York, has analyzed the physical effects of cruxifiction and compared it with the Turin Shroud marks.

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Erroneous translation of the Bible

the Gospels like the old testament have been erroneously translated from hebrew and Greek.

The Jehovahs witness looks to be be correct that Jesus died on a stake. Theere are several “stake-cross” mistranslations in all the Gospels.

You find all these mistranslations googleing with these two links:

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stake or cross

 Despite the disciples wrote in their Gospels that Jeus died on a stauros (stake) the question is still relevant.

Was Jesus  killed at a stake  like William Tindale or at a cross as the Christians believe?

The cross/stake question is really not an important question but it interesting as its answer revealed how the Gospels were mistranslated as written above.

My Lutheran priest in Sweden aknowledged that this mistranslating of stauros into cross is a fact. I decided  therefore to “amputate” my golden cross removing the patibulum to have it resemble a stake. 

The Witnesses of Jehovah talk a lot about this,   to explain why the jehovah-witnesses doesn’t worship  images of Jesus on a cross. They say that the “Bible indicates that Jesus did not die on a cross but rather on a simple stake.”  (source: https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1101989219 ) A human being  could not wear a cross because of its weight. The American film “the Passion” shows a more reasonable view of Jesus on his way to  Golgata (see photo below). where Jesus had to carry the patibulum, the horizontal beam, to Golgata outside Jerusalem were a stake was waiting in vertical position for the Romans to hang the Patibulum with Jesus  on it.

Ropes were used but  as  the victims legs were wet and slippery by urine, sweat and blood, nails  in the heals were used to fix the legs on the stake. The remains of Jehonan as i wrote about above, demontrates the use of nails in the heels.

The Romans let thousands of bodies rot on stakes along the roads in Italy and outside Jerusalem. At a distance it may sometimes have looked like a lot of T (called Tao crosses and sometimes like latin crosses, depending on how high the accused and the patibulum was hanged.

The Tao crosses are probably the most frequent as it is more practical to accomplish.

Caiaphas report

The “Archko volume or The Archeological Writings Of The Sanhedrim And Talmuds Of The Jews” available in archive.org, shares a report from Caiaphas to Caesar about the execution of Jesus. It is found in chapter VI page 96 

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Why slaughter Jesus?

It is a pity that brilliant brains like those of Einstein, Gandhi etc had to die. So why have to let Jesus die? he could have staid for some longer time to help stop the killings of thousands of poor Romans and Roman soldiers like  the Legio II Traiana (“Trajan’s legion”) and Legio VI Ferrata (“Ironclad Legion”). (Source: earlychurchhistory.org )

The Muslims do not accept that Jesus was killed. I have found however another explanation why Allah/God let Jesus die like this. I have two hypothesis:

  1. God let Jesus offer himself as a redemption for   the suffering human beings have experienced thanks to thefor the evilness of human beings, a suffering and evilness that is a integrated part of Gods human creation.  Animals does not suffer death and evil in the same way as we do. God being all knowing,  perfectly knew that humans with such a brain  were susceptible to the whispering of the devil and prone to be terribly evil.
    The angels argued about that with God according to the Quran.

    1. But the offering of Jesus may have have had also a second  purpose: Jesus became a example for many of those Christians who became martyrs in the Roman empire. Without Jesus sacrifice, we would  maybe today still venerate Roman Gods. 
      Thanks to Jesus showing how we can accept and tollerate suffering,  poor Christians in Rome were able to met horrible tortures and death with extreme courage, a courage that impressed Roman soldiers so strongly that some of them and even two  Legions  onverted to Christianity and became themselves martyrs.

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The Srinagar hypothesis

As said above, Muslims do not accept that Jesus was killed as “Allah would not have permitted that a messenger like Jesus  would have been treated like that”. I supported for long time this idea as there is a tomb in Srinagar, India that supports it.

According to this believe “Jesus was saved by someone and fled with a trading caravan along the Silk Way to Kashmir were he preached until he died 80 years old. he may have been regarded there as a important Buddhists as he shared many thoughts with Siddharta Gautama.

“a Kashmir local journalist, Aziz Kashmiri, argued in his 1973 book,  that Jesus survived crucifixion some 2,000 years ago, migrated to Srinagar” . Read more at: timesofindia.indiatimes.com . Read also  “Tourists flock to ‘Jesus’s tomb’ in Kashmir” in news.bbc.co.uk

 

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Conclusions

Whatever happened with Jesus or whatever the reason of his martyrdom were, them the most important is that Jesus gave us good ethical rules to become good humans and be able to met evil in a successful way (” Do not judge and love your neihbor and enemy”). Thanks to Jesus we have today many good examples of  kindness and love around the world as well as good behaviour fighting evilness like with “passive resistance“. Following Jesus  example and messages we  have better possibility to be resurrected for a happier life.

22. Jesus last Love lesson

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introduction

Today at Catholic mass we read about Jesus washing his disciples feets and what he thinks about that. He teached a way to love. The washing of feets has a lot of symbolics. I wrote about Love in a separate page. Jesus adds a much  bigger dimension to the issue .

Index

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the text

After the dinner John 13,4-17 tells what Jesus did:

4 and he got up from table, removed his outer garments and, taking a towel, wrapped it round his waist; 5 he then poured water into a basin and began to wash the disciples’ feet and to wipe them with the towel he was wearing.

The dialog with Peter

6 He came to Simon Peter, who said to him, ‘Lord, are you going to wash my feet?’ 7 Jesus answered, ‘At the moment you do not know what I am doing, but later you will understand.’ 8 ‘Never!’ said Peter. ‘You shall never wash my feet.’ Jesus replied, ‘If I do not wash you, you can have no share with me.’ Simon Peter said, 9 ‘Well then, Lord, not only my feet, but my hands and my head as well!’ 10 Jesus said, ‘No one who has had a bath needs washing, such a person is clean all over. You too are clean, though not all of you are.’  11 He knew who was going to betray him, and that was why he said, ‘though not all of you are’. 1 He knew who was going to betray him, and that was why he said, ‘though not all of you are’.

Jesus explains why

12 When he had washed their feet and put on his outer garments again he went back to the table. ‘Do you understand’, he said, ‘what I have done to you? 13 You call me Master and Lord, and rightly; so I am. 14 If I, then, the Lord and Master, have washed your feet, you must wash each other’s feet. 15 I have given you an example so that you may copy what I have done to you.

no servant is greater than his master,

no messenger is greater than the one who sent him

16 ‘In all truth I tell you, no servant is greater than his master, no messenger is greater than the one who sent him17 ‘Now that you know this, blessed are you if you behave accordingly.

love your next

Jesus tells us to love our next, whoever it is, your enemy, your neigboor, your childrens. sinners, pagan. Love is to be given to all. Jesus loved at the cross saying “Forgive them. They dont know what they are doing.
Love is given even at the limits of your capacity, may it be when your are victim of someones violence, offended or maybe even raped.

“God forgive them, they dont know what they are doing,”

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love the creation

Like we are teached to love our next, we should even love all of the Creation of God. For me this means collecting garbage if I find it in nature and recicle it if it has been done with the gifts from God, Like, oil, sand and trees.

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Conclusion

Love is also intelliigent. If you are able to love, you feel better.

Loving the one who behaves badly is a good way to have the offender to change its mind and behave better. Love generates love, hate generates hate.

But love is very difficult sometimes, especcially to those who makes you suffer. But you wont feel better by hating. Hate may even kill you after all.

Love is a good way to cooperate . And cooperation is a key for success. I wrote about cooperation in anothers page.

 

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20 The Hebrews didn’t kill Jesus.

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introduction

At todays Catholic mass we read John 8:4-11 about the woman caught to be adulterous and  sentenced to death by lapidation according to the Mosaic law and Jesus view on this case.  Jesus knew that God does not want use dead sinners but alive sinners that  will have the possibility to convert.

18% of the Italians think that the hebrews killed Jesus according to  a article in ww.lastampa.it  

Caiaphas the highest priest in Jerusalem may have written a report to Pilate with the charges  behind the Jesus death sentence.  This report is to be found in the so called archko volumes created by William Dennes Mahan, a American prebitarian priest. Because of this book he  was convicted by an ecclesiastical court of falsehood and plagiarism.  Mahan was therefore convicted and suspended from the ministry for one year.  (Wiki ) So we can not be sure that Caiaphas reports in the archko volumes are genuine documents. 

These reports may however bring some idea about who really sentenced and killed Jesus. 18 % of Italians believe that the Hebrews killed Jesus. The Caiaphas reports tells me not to agree with these Italians.

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Johns text

John 8:4-11

says:  ‘Master, this woman was caught in the very act of committing adultery, and in the Law Moses has ordered us to stone women of this kind. What have you got to say?’  They asked him this as a test, looking for an accusation to use against him. But Jesus bent down and started writing on the ground with his finger.  As they persisted with their question, he straightened up and said, ‘Let the one among you who is guiltless be the first to throw a stone at her.’  Then he bent down and continued writing on the ground.  When they heard this they went away one by one, beginning with the eldest, until the last one had gone and Jesus was left alone with the woman, who remained in the middle.  Jesus again straightened up and said, ‘Woman, where are they? Has no one condemned you?’  ‘No one, sir,’ she replied. ‘Neither do I condemn you,’ said Jesus. ‘Go away, and from this moment sin no more.'”

Jesus does not suggest a change to the law about adultery.  He opposses on how and by whom the sentence is executed. Jesus was presumably without sin and could have trown the first stone but he didn’t. He understood that God does not want dead sinners but sinners alive to be able to convert.  He alway emphasized on the existence of a understanding, tollerant and forgiving God. That was not the God  of the Hebrews.

His action was not liked the the priesthood in Jerusalem.  Caiaphas gives a reasonable explanation in his report why the priesthood did not like this kind of tollerant and forgiving God. 

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Caiaphas

Caiaphas is an aristocrat member of one of the ruling Jewish sects, the Sadducees, a religious movement in Judaea that found most of its members among the wealthy Jewish elite.(Wiki ) Caiaphas later inherited the High priest position by Valerius Gratus year 18 e.Kr. and held that position until Easter 37 when he was substituted by  Lucius Vitellius, ( www.newworldencyclopedia.org )  he had this long term probably because  he was very cooperative and friendly minded with the Romans.  You understand this by the report. Learn more in www.gotquestions.org  and in these two  videos:

 

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report about Jesus execution

The report is to be found inThe archko volumes pu together by William Dennes Mahan as said in my introduction Mahan  was convicted by an ecclesiastical court of falsehood and plagiarism.  he obviously copied a short story by Joseph Méry published in Revue de Paris in 1837 and a novel from ben-Hur Mahan was therefore convicted and suspended from the ministry for one year.  (Wiki ) Mahan tells in the first chapter that he got part of the documents from a German called Whydaman who said he visited the Vatican library and got documents there. Mahan says he went himself later to the Vatican library and to the lbrary in Constantinople. 

Even if the document are not certified to be authentic copies of a antique document, I decided to share  Caiaphas report 

in docs.google.com

You find however the  full text at archive.org

“The archkovolumnes is a series of reports from Jewish and pagan sources contemporary with Jesus that relate to the biblical texts describing his life. The work went through a number of versions and has remained in print ever since. The texts are otherwise unknown, and the author was convicted by an ecclesiastical court of falsehood and plagiarism.” ( Wiki and E.J. Goodspeed, Modern Apocrypha (Boston: Beacon Press, 1956), 40. ) So the texts in this book must be read with this in mind. Some or all of it may be fiction..

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Caiaphas  charges against Jesus

In the report from Caiaphas you find the charges with whose Caiaphas  sentenced Jesus to death. These were:

  1. First, with teaching the doctrine that there are more gods than one, which is contrary to the teachings of the Jewish law, which he most positively refuses to desist from in the presence of this court.
  2. Second, he teaches that he is a God, which is contrary to the Jewish law, and he is visible and comprehensible ; and, after being asked to desist by this court, he most positively affirms that he is the Son of God.
  3. Third, he teaches and affirms that the Bath hole (Holy Spirit) cannot come until he goes away, which is contrary to the teachings of the Jews ; because it was He that brooded over the waters, and has been in the habitual light of the world ever since ; from all of which he refuses to desist.
  4. He teaches baptism as the seal of God, instead of circumcision, which was established by the decrees of God with Abraham as a seal of the Jews ; and when abjured to desist by this court declared he would not.

 

  • He teaches asceticism as the means of salvation, contrary to the Jewish custom ; and affirmed in the presence of this court lie would not desist.
  • He teaches that the Levitical ablution is of no service, while we hold that the outward washing is the sign of inward purity ; and when abjured to desist he emphatically refused. ” ‘
  • He has abrogated the ordinance given by God to Moses of the pascal supper, wherein we should roast a lamb and eat it with unleavened bread ; but Jesus has introduced a custom altogether different without any authority.
  • He has introduced common bread and wine, which are not only forbidden, but are well qualified to excite men’s passions and make them forget God rather than to remember and trust Him, this least having been
  • introduced that we should remember to trust Him in the hours of trouble. When asked why he did this, all he would say was : ” Hitherto I work, and my Father works.”
  • He has abrogated the priesthood, and set the temple at naught, which is the very life’s blood of the Jewish faith. ” i Were it not that God our Father has given us these holy ordinances we would not be so tenacious of them. We know they are the pillars upon which the Jewish theocracy is built, and that we cannot live without them. Although Jesus of Nazareth has been abjured time and again to stop teaching these ways of death, he has as often declared he would not ; therefore it devolves on me as the proper and the only officer to pronounce sentence upon him 

Caliphas is not happy with the way Jesus was put to death and  concludes his report with:

These charges were written by my scribe, and sent with the officers to Pilate for his consent. It seems that Pilate thirsted for his blood. Like all guilty tyrants, he was afraid of his own shadow, and wished to destroy everything that threatened his power. I expected Pilate to send Jesus back to me, so that I could send him to you for your approval ; and i! so, then I could proceed to try Mm with Urim and Thummim, with the regular lacJdees on uard, as our law requires ; but It seems that Pilate thirsted for his blood”

and

although he has not been preaching over three years, he has more followers to-day than Abraham has, and they have become perfectly hostile toward the Jews that are faithful to their God ; and, if it Had not been for the Roman soldiers, on the day of His execution we would have had one of the bloodiest insurrections ever known to the Jewish commonwealth.

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Conclusion

I find the report of Caiaphah  to be supported in the Gospels According to this doc you can see that the Adulterous case never ended up in a charge. 

Caiaphas was in the report very negative to the view of a forgiving God that he defines as week. Quite areasonable view for a Hebrew  believing strongly in a old testament eye for an eye God. But I didnt expect the description of Jesus as made in his “concerning the resurrection report” in chapter 7.

when I lifted up my eyes, behold Jesus of Nazareth stood before me. My breath stopped, my blood ran cold, and I was in the act of falling, when he spoke and said, Be not afraid, it is I. You condemned me that you might go free. This is the work of my Father. Your only wrong is, you have a wicked heart; this you must repent of. This last lamb you have slain is the one that was appointed before the foundation ; this sacrifice is made for all men. Your other lambs were for those who offered them ; this is for all, this is the last ; it is for you if you will accept it. I died that you and all mankind might be saved.* At this he looked at me with such melting tenderness that it seemed to me I was nothing but tears, and my strength was all gone. I fell on my face at his feet as one that was dead.”

In the report it is clear that the sentence and execution of Jesus was requested by the priesthood and the Romans as they saw in Jesus a istigator and leader of a resurrection. Many Hebrews followed Jesus and thousands were at the execution asking why he was sentenced. 

The pope seem to have said a the Vatican council II that

“Jesus died as a Hebrew” 

I dont think that this  help those who think that the Hebrews killed Jesus. I advice instead to look closer at this report to see if there is a genuine original in the Vatican Libaary as Mahan claimed 100 years ago.

 

 

19 The face of Jesus

introduction

How did Jesus look like. Of course “He is a long man with fair skin, blond hair and blue eyes. Aartists hVW Pinws him lke a modern Scandinavian man spending his time somewhere in a library reading books, away from the burning sun.
But this  is the view of a European artist. A European thinks that Jesus must have looked like a nice looking European. A native American, like a nice looking native American. A African like a nice looking African and so on….

We are very much aestetical like Kierkegaard explains it, giving huge importance to appearance and less to personality and the wisdom of fellow humans.

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The many faces of Jesus

According to native Americans Jesus looked like this:

Source: https://prairieedge.com/fine-art-gallery/compassionate-christ-1/ 

Ethipians thinks that Jesus looked like this

Africans like to see Jesus like this:

Europeans think that Jesus looked like this:

North Americans and Jehovas witnesses thinks that this Michigan looking man was Jesus but they say

Jesus was a Jew and likely inherited common Semitic traits from his mother. (Hebrews 7:​14) It is unlikely that his features were especially distinctive. On one occasion he was able to travel in secret from Galilee to Jerusalem without being recognized. (John 7:​10, 11) And he apparently did not stand out even among his closest disciples. Recall that Judas Iscariot had to identify Jesus to the armed crowd that arrested him.​—Matthew 26:47-​49.”

Read more in /www.jw.org

 

The discussion about Jesus figure is still going on

Some think that the oldest image must be the right one.

” It was painted on a wooden board during the 6th or 7th century and is currently preserved at the Monastery of St. Catherine on Mount Sinai, in Egypt, one of the oldest monasteries in the world.” (Source: aleteia.org )

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Jesus real face?

 

Some believed they have found the image of Jesus in the shroud preserved in Turin. i saw it myself many years ago (1971?) when I lived in Turin.  I never understood the real immaginative value of it. The blood stain in it are of type AB. the Knights Templar safeguarded it during the 13th century and probably repaired it. About the repaired part: “radiocarbon dating carried out by Oxford University in 1988 found it was only 728 years old.” ( www.telegraph.co.uk/ )  the Sindone  may not be a medieval flaw.

( Source: sindone.it/museo/en/shroud )

“according to the Gospel of Matthew, when Jesus was arrested in the garden of Gethsemane before the Crucifixion, Judas Iscariot had to indicate to the soldiers whom Jesus was because they could not tell him apart from his disciples” (  www.popularmechanics.com  )

So he probably did not was a longer man, have fair skin and blue eyes. He looked probably like the other disciples and Hebrews.

With skulls from jesus time and modern forensic anthropology we have a new picture. You do not see he does not have teeth.

Read aboutthis face  in www.popularmechanics.com

Conclusion

Jonas Gardell, adds in his book about Jesus that Jesus may even have lost all his teeth as many skulls from his time did not have teeth.

Despite the Turin Sindone image, I could imagine Jesus like the brown man above as given by the forensic anthropology picture. Even today you see people without teeth, many of them not affording or having availability to dentist care.

you see that in the face  if a man works and sleeps outside, is stung by mosquitos and burned by the sun, havikng a physically heavy work. 

But does the iamge  really matter?

No. We are very focused on the lookout. but what is important about a human is what messages he/she shares.

I believe that Jesus followers must have seen him a as a nice looking man as he had power of attraction, like you do when you get in love with a person. Even the uggliest woman becomes an angel in your eyes when you get in love with her.

You see what you wants to see.

Read more in www.irishtimes.com or in https://aleteia.org

18. Tekton Joseph and Jesus

Introduction

March 19 was the celebration of Joseph. www.ignatianspirituality.com dedicated in  a page about Josephs and Jesus work.

index

  • introduction
  • tekton

Tekton

Jesus is mentioned in

Matthew 13:55 N-GMS

as well as in Mark 6:3 N-NMS

as being the son of a tekton:

τοῦ τέκτονος υἱός οὐχ
NAS: “Is not this the carpenter’s son?”

About Tekton,  Paul Basehore, Volunteer Youth Pastor  says in https://www.quora.com:

“This is a pretty general term — it’s the same base root where English gets words like “Technician”. It really means “artisan”, usually in wood, iron, or stone. Tradition says that he was a carpenter, and several early references (non-Biblical, but within the first century or two) say that Jesus made yokes and plows. According to the Greek, though — we really can’t be 100% certain.”

Jonas Gardell in his book about Jesus (Om Jesus) tells that Jesus, and Joseph, being tektones (craftmen) belonged with their family  to the poorest social class in Nazareth. Being among the poorest,Jesus may even have been analphabet. He may have been without teeths as many other poor people.

Jonas present Jesus in this video:

 

17. The brothers of Jesus – revised

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introduction

I found a interesting page about this issue in http://www.bibbia.it/I-fratelli-di-Gesu.htmlbibbia.it and decided to dedicate a post about it. 

Index

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Jesus was the firstborn

That Jesus had brothers and that he was the eldest son in the family nucleus composed of Joseph and Mary is explained in the first instance by the meaning of “firstborn” that we find in the Gospel of Luke 2:77.

7 and she gave birth to a son, her first-born. She wrapped him in swaddling clothes and laid him in a manger because there was no room for them in the living-space.

if Luke new Jesus was tghe only son he would have writen  “her only son” like  he used in Luke 7:12 :

“12 Now when he was near the gate of the town there was a dead man being carried out, the only son of his mother, and she was a widow. And a considerable number of the townspeople was with her.”

and Luke  8:42

42 because he had an only daughter about twelve years old, who was dying. And the crowds were almost stifling Jesus as he went

It is worth noting that the words recorded in the Gospel according to Matthew 1: 25 

25 he had not had intercourse with her when she gave birth to a son; and he named him Jesus.”

this indicate that after the birth of Jesus, Joseph and Mary had a normal marriage relationship followed by birth of other children.
These brothers and sisters of Jesus at first did not recognize the nature of his mission. As we read in Mark 3:21

21 When his relations heard of this, they set out to take charge of him; they said, ‘He is out of his mind.”

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About Jesus brothers in the New testament

 

Matthew 13:54-56 tells about brothers and sisters of Jesus:

“54 and, coming to his home town (ed. Nazarreth) , he taught the people in their synagogue in such a way that they were astonished and said, ‘Where did the man get this wisdom and these miraculous powers? 55 This is the carpenter’s son, surely? Is not his mother the woman called Mary, and his brothers James and Joseph and Simon and Jude56 His sisters, too, are they not all here with us? So where did the man get it all?’

Matthew probably got information from the elder Gospel of Mark 6:3:

3 This is the carpenter, surely, the son of Mary, the brother of James (ed: Giacomo in Italian, Jaque in French ) and Joset (ed.Josef) and Jude and Simon? His sisters, too, are they not here with us?’ And they would not accept him.”

The brothers are also mentioned in John 7:5 where it says:

5 Not even his brothers had faith in him.”

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Jesus brother James , later called theJust
(
Italian:Giacomo, French: Jacque, Ancient Greek :   Ἰάκωβος,   romanized:  Iakōbos )

Mark 3:21 tells: “When his relations heard of this, they set out to take charge of him; they said, ‘He is out of his mind.'”

And John tells in John 7:5: “Not even his brothers had faith in him.

In Francoise Chandernagor “Vie de Jude frére de Jesus,” Jude tells about a rebellious James, who led by the sisters, was gelous about Jesus the firstborn, In her roman, Jesus 19 years old, had a fight with James after their fathers dead. Jacque sought mother Marys protection.

After the resurrection, his brothers, and especially James, clearly changed their position: we meet them, in fact, in Acts 1:14 gathered in prayer together with their mother Mary, the twelve apostles and an unspecified number of women who were you are following Christ:

” With one heart all these joined constantly in prayer, together with some women, including Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his brothers.”

About the epistle of James www.catholic.org says:

“The author is commonly identified with the Lord’s brother, the Bishop of Jerusalem …
Internal evidence (contents of the Epistle, its style, address, date, and place of composition) points unmistakably to James, the Lord’s brother, the Bishop of Jerusalem, as the author” (read more in https://www.catholic.org/encyclopedia/view.php?id=6248 )

 

Paul about James

According to Paul when he affirms About Jesus, in the first letter to Corinthians 15: 7  “then he appeared to James, and then to all the apostles.”

It was probably this experience that led him to conversion along with the rest of his family.
James became as mentioned abovethe Bishop of Jerusalem. The observation of Paul regarding his first visit to Jerusalem after his conversion is significant. He says he saw no other of the Apostles except James the Lord’s brother Galatians 1: 18-19

18 Only after three years did I go up to Jerusalem to meet Cephas. I stayed fifteen days with him 19 but did not set eyes on any of the rest of the apostles, only James, the Lord’s brother.”

 and for Paul, this meeting must have been extremely important because it gave him the opportunity to learn about the life of Jesus directly from someone who had known him very closely.

James chapter 1 begins with

1 From James, servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ. Greetings to the twelve tribes of the Dispersion…..”.

The chapters like the epistle above are traditionally attributed to “James the brother of Jesus”

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Jesus brother Judas, 

Judas appears simply as the brother of James, who was one of the greatest exponents of the church of Jerusalem and author of the epistle of the same name. In this case Judas would be another brother of Jesus, in fact among the brothers of the Lord, besides James, a certain Judas is also mentioned in Matthew 13:55:

The historian and writer Francoise Chandernagor dedicated her wonderful roman “La vie de Jude, frère de Jesus p” to Judas as being grown up by Mary and Jesus when Jesus was 19 and Joseph was dead.

Mark 6:3 says:

3 This is the carpenter, surely, the son of Mary, the brother of James and Joset and Jude and Simon? His sisters, too, are they not here with us?’ And they would not accept him.

Jesus brother Simon

Not muxch is known abour Simon. But Robert Eisenman suggests he was Simon Cephas (Simon the Rock), known in Greek as Peter (from petros = rock) (Source: Eisenman, Robert (2007), “James the Brother of Jesus” (Watkins)) 

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A time of contradiction

To protect Marys perpetual virginity and mother of God dogma the church has always supported the idea that the brothers of Jesus as mentioned in the New testament , were halphbrothers of Jesus, that means the sons of Joseph and Jopsephs previous wife. “The Catholic Church made the perpetual virgin idea a dogma  “because of the sanctity that virginity is supposed to impart.” (Source: Jw.org)

Despite the info in catholic.org we still read at Catholic Mass “I believe in one Lord Jesus Christ, the Only Begotten Son of God” (Source; http://www.vatican.va  )

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Conclusions

 

Would Mary have forgotten her only only 12 year old children a whole day?

 “That Mary had other children also seems indicated by the incident that occurred when Jesus was twelve years old and Joseph took his family to Jerusalem for the festival. On the way back they had traveled a whole day before Mary noticed that Jesus was not with them. Had Jesus been her only child (and miraculously conceived at that), could we imagine her maternal instincts being so dormant that she would have started out without him and not missed him for a whole day?(Source https://wol.jw.org )

But if by this time she had six or more children by Joseph, we can imagine her having been so busy that she might not have missed Jesus for a whole day.​—Luke 2:41-50:

41 Every year his parents used to go to Jerusalem for the feast of the Passover. 42 When he was twelve years old, they went up for the feast as usual. 43 When the days of the feast were over and they set off home, the boy Jesus stayed behind in Jerusalem without his parents knowing it. 44 They assumed he was somewhere in the party, and it was only after a day’s journey that they went to look for him among their relations and acquaintances. 45 When they failed to find him they went back to Jerusalem looking for him everywhere. “

In1 Cor. 7:3-5.: The apostle Paul tells married people not to deprive each other of the marital due, which Mary would have done had she remained a virgin after bearing Jesus.​

I am a bit reluctant about the Catholic doctrine of Mary’s perpetual virginity as a sign of Sanctity. I believe that Sanctity has nothing to do with your sexual life. You can be a saint and do good deeds even if you have children after intercourse.

I personally prefer the view that Jesus had both brothers and halfbrothers. Some of the brothers mentioned in the Gospells may have been halfbrothers. So Mary was a great women even if  Joseph and Mary had children after having had Jesus. Joseph as being elder, may have had children in a previous relationship. I also think that Joseph was elder and died earlier as we never read about him in after Jesus death like we did with Mary in Acts 1:14 .

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Sources

 

 

16. Jesus about Hell and repenting

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Introduction

I believe in a God that pardon “7×77 times” ( Matthew 18:22 ) , a  God that  forgives those who repent ( Quran 2:37 and Luke 13: 1-5 ) .

When we die, we  know nothing ( Ecclesiastes 9:5 ), we just sleep as Jesus said about Lazarus . ( John 11:11  )

God is all-knowing, all-wise and all-hearing

I talked with my son about hell and paradize in Umeå summer 2018. he thought about that and came back reminding me about what Jesus said about this issue.

My son inspired me to start this article in July 2018. I have now updated it to share about Jesus view about the issue “if you do not repent” as was read about in Luke 13: 1-5 at the Catholic Mass March 24.

Index

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“if you do not repent”

This text is partly  taken  from www.kinberg.net/wordpress/stellan/about-god/#christians

At the catholic mass March 24 we from learn from Luke 13: 1-5 that the possibility of conversion or to become a good human is not ethernal. What happens when you die, if you did not do good during your earthly life? 

Luke 13: 1-5 says:

“1 It was just about this time that some people arrived and told him about the Galileans whose blood Pilate had mingled with that of their sacrifices. At this he said to them, 2 ‘Do you suppose that these Galileans were worse sinners than any others, that this should have happened to them? 3 They were not, I tell you. No; but unless you repent you will all perish as they did. 4 Or those eighteen on whom the tower at Siloam fell, killing them all? Do you suppose that they were more guilty than all the other people living in Jerusalem? 5 They were not, I tell you. No; butunless you repent you will all perish as they did.‘”

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Hell

 “The Son of Man will send his angels, and they will gather out of his kingdom all causes of sin and all law-breakers, and throw them into the fiery furnace. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.  So it will be at the end of the age.” (   Matthew 13:41-42, 49-50   ) 

 “And if your hand causes you to sin, cut it off. It is better for you to enter life crippled than with two hands to go to hell, to the unquenchable fire…where their worm does not die and the fire is not quenched.’ For everyone will be salted with fire.”Mark 9:43, 48-49  )

Dante Alighieri visited Hell and documented all he saw in his “Inferno”. I have the book  and will maybe share some of his text.

Here is a image by Gustave Doré. (Credit: via Wikimedia Commons)

Hell and resurrection in the Quran

The Quran mentions “hell” several times. Searching the Quran for the word “hell” in www.searchtruth.com I find it 98 time(s) in 196 verse(s).

Resurrection

the word “resurrection” appears 211 time(s) in 206 verse(s) in the Quran, a word you find 55 times in the Bible.

Our souls

The Quran about our souls.

God takes our souls when we fall asleep and gives it back when we wake up, But God takes our soul also when we die. I presume god gives it back on Resurrection day. (as I understand Quran 6:60 )

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Paradise

The word Paradise appears 238 times in the Quran. It is explicated as

  • recompense of their good
  • a promise

Paradise where Adam was created was in heaven not on Earth. Adam was sent to Earth as a punishment as he did not obey God. ( Quran 2:36 ) To a Hell of Earth?

Clergymen, hell and paradise

Hell has been used as a threat by the clergy for those who did not believe the priests.

When may we go to hell or paradize?

In the Gospel you read clearly when that will happen:

So it will be at the end of the age.. when the … the angels will come out and separate the evil from the righteous (  Matthew 13:41-42, 49-50  ) That period is described in the Revelation . )

The Quran doesnt talk about it but it talks a lor sbout Resurrection without saying any details.

Read more in https://www.jw.org/en/publications/magazines/wp20081101/What-Did-Jesus-Teach-About-Hell/#link0

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Conclusions

I believed in hell and paradize  and I had a explanation of how a hell could work. I liked the Buddhist teaching that:

“You prepare the bed in this life, a bed you will sleep in during your next life.”

But that next life could come maybe after the resurrection.

I have now  accepted the idea that my mother, my grandfather and all those who died, are sleeping and one day, they will be resurrected.

Jehovah witnesses are right that there is no warning for a hell when we die. But you may experience hell after the resurrection of the dead and the 1000 years that will come.

God, being all-knowing, should know we humans have a animal brains often lead by our instincts we inherited from our evolutional ancestors.

I think it is nice to get the possibility to change our behaviours during a 1000 year kingdom as revealed in the Book of the Revelations after the Resurrection both the New testament and the Quran talks about.

And it is  nice if Paradise will be here on Earth, something the Biosphere really is a good candidate for.

Jesus warns us and invites us to repent asap. How can we understand that we have a god that pardon 7×77 times while sending us to hell. I believe that 

We create our own hell during our earthly life.

Inspired by Zoroastrian and Buddhist believes about afterlife, I now personally believe that we will get a more developed empathy and understanding after death or our resurrection.

We will understand the pain we created in our previous life and maybe also feel the pain  as our victims did.

We will maybe feel that pain we caused thousand times stronger. And that will be our hell for a long time.

15 Jesus and the prophets

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Introduction

At the catholic massMarch 17, we read about Jesus encounter with the Prophets Moses and Elia.

index

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Luke about the encounter

Luke 9,28-36 says

28 Now about eight days after this had been said, he took with him Peter, John and James and went up the mountain to pray29 And it happened that, as he was praying, the aspect of his face was changed and his clothing became sparkling white. 30 And suddenly there were two men talking to him; they were Moses and Elijah 31 appearing in glory, and they were speaking of his passing which he was to accomplish in Jerusalem. 32 Peter and his companions were heavy with sleep, but they woke up and saw his glory and the two men standing with him. 33 As these were leaving him, Peter said to Jesus, ‘Master, it is wonderful for us to be here; so let us make three shelters, one for you, one for Moses and one for Elijah.’ He did not know what he was saying. 34 As he was saying this, a cloud came and covered them with shadow; and when they went into the cloud the disciples were afraid. 35 And a voice came from the cloud saying, ‘This is my Son, the Chosen One. Listen to him.’” 36 And after the voice had spoken, Jesus was found alone. The disciples kept silence and, at that time, told no one what they had seen.”

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Jesus, God or the greatest prophet

Thias text reminds us that Jesus is not God but a great prophet, a prophet that is at the level of Moses.i would say that Jesus is the greatest prophet bwing  entangled with God. I I wrote about the entanglement in www.kinberg.net/wordpress/stellan/2019/02/10/12-is-jesus-god-20190210/#entangled

As Muslims recognize Jesus, “Isa ibn Maryam” the only prophet filled with special signs and the Holy Spirit and  able to do miracles, something that even Muhammed (PBUH) couldnt do.

 

 

 

 

 

14. Jesus and Lucifer

Introduction

I have written about the devil in a previous post. You find it at http://www.kinberg.net/wordpress/stellan/2018/04/24/iblis-whisperings/ 

Today at Catholic Mass we read about Jesus encounter with Lucifer in Luke 4,1-13.

index

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Matthew and Luke about Jesus encounter

 

Matthew and Luke uses the same words but the story about the devil and Jesus  in Gerusalem differs. Matthew tells that Jesus was asked to trow himself down from the temple first and then  offered power over the worlds. Luke tells jesus was tested during 40 days.

Matthew 4:1-11 says:

1 Then Jesus was led by the Spirit out into the desert to be put to the test by the devil.

2 He fasted for forty days and forty nights, after which he was hungry,

3 and the tester came and said to him, ‘If you are Son of God, tell these stones to turn into loaves.’

4 But he replied, ‘Scripture says: Human beings live not on bread alone but on every word that comes from the mouth of God.’

5 The devil then took him to the holy city and set him on the parapet of the Temple.

6 ‘If you are Son of God,’ he said, ‘throw yourself down; for scripture says: He has given his angels orders about you, and they will carry you in their arms in case you trip over a stone.’

7 Jesus said to him, ‘Scripture also says: Do not put the Lord your God to the test.’

8 Next, taking him to a very high mountain, the devil showed him all the kingdoms of the world and their splendour.

9 And he said to him, ‘I will give you all these, if you fall at my feet and do me homage.’

10 Then Jesus replied, ‘Away with you, Satan! For scripture says: The Lord your God is the one to whom you must do homage, him alone you must serve.’

11 Then the devil left him, and suddenly angels appeared and looked after him.

 

Luke 4,1-13. text says:

“Filled with the Holy Spirit, Jesus left the Jordan and was led by the Spirit into the desert,

2 for forty days being put to the test by the devil. During that time he ate nothing and at the end he was hungry.

3 Then the devil said to him, ‘If you are Son of God, tell this stone to turn into a loaf.

4 But Jesus replied, ‘Scripture says: Human beings live not on bread alone.’

5 Then leading him to a height, the devil showed him in a moment of time all the kingdoms of the world

6 and said to him, ‘I will give you all this power and their splendour, for it has been handed over to me, for me to give it to anyone I choose.

7 Do homage, then, to me, and it shall all be yours.’

8 But Jesus answered him, ‘Scripture says: You must do homage to the Lord your God, him alone you must serve.’

9 Then he led him to Jerusalem and set him on the parapet of the Temple. ‘If you are Son of God,’ he said to him, ‘throw yourself down from here,

10 for scripture says: He has given his angels orders about you, to guard you, and again:

11 They will carry you in their arms in case you trip over a stone.’

12 But Jesus answered him, ‘Scripture says: Do not put the Lord your God to the test.’

13 Having exhausted every

way of putting him to the test, the devil left him, until the opportune moment.”

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Lucifer act on you when you are weak

Jesus had hunger when Lucifer contacted him. he acted on Eve who did not have knowledge. So he acts on people afflicted by rage  inviting to revenge.

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Lucifer uses  the sophist abilities

Lucifer uses the scripture in his motivation, as described by Luke, using Psalm 91:11 that says “he has given his angels orders about you to guard you wherever you go.”.

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Conclusion

Lucifer convinces with knowledges. Like Eve did once, humans listen sometimes to the wisperings of the devil . Matthew and Luke tells how Jesus behaved with the devil. Jesus answered with wisdom. So should we do.

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Sources