Category Archives: Jesus

23. Jesus the divine offer

.

introduction

The doctrin of Christianity is that “Jesus died on the cross for the   sins of humans. If we accept this, your will be saved”  Noone ever could give me acceptable explanation of this.

Why should Jesus suffer such a dead for our 21th century humans sins? Are all sinners the cause  of the horrible death of Jesus?  It sounds like God sacrificed Jesus to torture and death, because we were sinners. 

Muslims do not accept that Jesus was killed as “Allah would not have permitted that a messenger like Jesus  would have been treated like that”. I supported for long time this idea as there is a tomb in Srinagar, India that supports this Musim believe.

Index

crucifixion

Crucifixion was such a gruesome and humiliating way to die that the subject was somewhat of a taboo in Roman culture, and only a few crucifixions were specifically documented. One of the only specific female crucifixions we have documented is that of Ida, a freedwoman (former slave) who was crucified by order of Tiberius.” (Source: Wiki  )

crucifixion was however  a frequently used Roman mass execution practice. Over 2000 soldiers of the defeated Spartacus army was curcified south of Rome. The Romans developed practical and efficient crucifixion methods.

This video below  tells about the execution practices around the Mediterranean Sea from the Assyrian stakes  to the Romans Tao and Latin crosses. The Jehonan remains in Israel maybe tell how Jesus was crucified. Read more at www.biblicalarchaeology.org

 
Some say that the crucifixion and hand nailing of Jesus is proved by the shroud in Torino, Italy.

The scientific results of studying the shroud are intresting.

physical effects of cruxifiction

Dr Fredrik Zugibe in Rockland County, New York, has analyzed the physical effects of cruxifiction and compared it with the Turin Shroud marks.

.

Erroneous translation of the Bible

the Gospels like the old testament have been erroneously translated from hebrew and Greek.

The Jehovahs witness looks to be be correct that Jesus died on a stake. Theere are several “stake-cross” mistranslations in all the Gospels.

You find all these mistranslations googleing with these two links:

.

stake or cross

 Despite the disciples wrote in their Gospels that Jeus died on a stauros (stake) the question is still relevant.

Was Jesus  killed at a stake  like William Tindale or at a cross as the Christians believe?

The cross/stake question is really not an important question but it interesting as its answer revealed how the Gospels were mistranslated as written above.

My Lutheran priest in Sweden aknowledged that this mistranslating of stauros into cross is a fact. I decided  therefore to “amputate” my golden cross removing the patibulum to have it resemble a stake. 

The Witnesses of Jehovah talk a lot about this,   to explain why the jehovah-witnesses doesn’t worship  images of Jesus on a cross. They say that the “Bible indicates that Jesus did not die on a cross but rather on a simple stake.”  (source: https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1101989219 ) A human being  could not wear a cross because of its weight. The American film “the Passion” shows a more reasonable view of Jesus on his way to  Golgata (see photo below). where Jesus had to carry the patibulum, the horizontal beam, to Golgata outside Jerusalem were a stake was waiting in vertical position for the Romans to hang the Patibulum with Jesus  on it.

Ropes were used but  as  the victims legs were wet and slippery by urine, sweat and blood, nails  in the heals were used to fix the legs on the stake. The remains of Jehonan as i wrote about above, demontrates the use of nails in the heels.

The Romans let thousands of bodies rot on stakes along the roads in Italy and outside Jerusalem. At a distance it may sometimes have looked like a lot of T (called Tao crosses and sometimes like latin crosses, depending on how high the accused and the patibulum was hanged.

The Tao crosses are probably the most frequent as it is more practical to accomplish.

Caiaphas report

The “Archko volume or The Archeological Writings Of The Sanhedrim And Talmuds Of The Jews” available in archive.org, shares a report from Caiaphas to Caesar about the execution of Jesus. It is found in chapter VI page 96 

.

Why slaughter Jesus?

It is a pity that brilliant brains like those of Einstein, Gandhi etc had to die. So why have to let Jesus die? he could have staid for some longer time to help stop the killings of thousands of poor Romans and Roman soldiers like  the Legio II Traiana (“Trajan’s legion”) and Legio VI Ferrata (“Ironclad Legion”). (Source: earlychurchhistory.org )

The Muslims do not accept that Jesus was killed. I have found however another explanation why Allah/God let Jesus die like this. I have two hypothesis:

  1. God let Jesus offer himself as a redemption for   the suffering human beings have experienced thanks to thefor the evilness of human beings, a suffering and evilness that is a integrated part of Gods human creation.  Animals does not suffer death and evil in the same way as we do. God being all knowing,  perfectly knew that humans with such a brain  were susceptible to the whispering of the devil and prone to be terribly evil.
    The angels argued about that with God according to the Quran.

    1. But the offering of Jesus may have have had also a second  purpose: Jesus became a example for many of those Christians who became martyrs in the Roman empire. Without Jesus sacrifice, we would  maybe today still venerate Roman Gods. 
      Thanks to Jesus showing how we can accept and tollerate suffering,  poor Christians in Rome were able to met horrible tortures and death with extreme courage, a courage that impressed Roman soldiers so strongly that some of them and even two  Legions  onverted to Christianity and became themselves martyrs.

.

The Srinagar hypothesis

As said above, Muslims do not accept that Jesus was killed as “Allah would not have permitted that a messenger like Jesus  would have been treated like that”. I supported for long time this idea as there is a tomb in Srinagar, India that supports it.

According to this believe “Jesus was saved by someone and fled with a trading caravan along the Silk Way to Kashmir were he preached until he died 80 years old. he may have been regarded there as a important Buddhists as he shared many thoughts with Siddharta Gautama.

“a Kashmir local journalist, Aziz Kashmiri, argued in his 1973 book,  that Jesus survived crucifixion some 2,000 years ago, migrated to Srinagar” . Read more at: timesofindia.indiatimes.com . Read also  “Tourists flock to ‘Jesus’s tomb’ in Kashmir” in news.bbc.co.uk

 

.

Conclusions

Whatever happened with Jesus or whatever the reason of his martyrdom were, them the most important is that Jesus gave us good ethical rules to become good humans and be able to met evil in a successful way (” Do not judge and love your neihbor and enemy”). Thanks to Jesus we have today many good examples of  kindness and love around the world as well as good behaviour fighting evilness like with “passive resistance“. Following Jesus  example and messages we  have better possibility to be resurrected for a happier life.

22. Jesus last Love lesson

.

introduction

Today at Catholic mass we read about Jesus washing his disciples feets and what he thinks about that. He teached a way to love. The washing of feets has a lot of symbolics. I wrote about Love in a separate page. Jesus adds a much  bigger dimension to the issue .

Index

.

the text

After the dinner John 13,4-17 tells what Jesus did:

4 and he got up from table, removed his outer garments and, taking a towel, wrapped it round his waist; 5 he then poured water into a basin and began to wash the disciples’ feet and to wipe them with the towel he was wearing.

The dialog with Peter

6 He came to Simon Peter, who said to him, ‘Lord, are you going to wash my feet?’ 7 Jesus answered, ‘At the moment you do not know what I am doing, but later you will understand.’ 8 ‘Never!’ said Peter. ‘You shall never wash my feet.’ Jesus replied, ‘If I do not wash you, you can have no share with me.’ Simon Peter said, 9 ‘Well then, Lord, not only my feet, but my hands and my head as well!’ 10 Jesus said, ‘No one who has had a bath needs washing, such a person is clean all over. You too are clean, though not all of you are.’  11 He knew who was going to betray him, and that was why he said, ‘though not all of you are’. 1 He knew who was going to betray him, and that was why he said, ‘though not all of you are’.

Jesus explains why

12 When he had washed their feet and put on his outer garments again he went back to the table. ‘Do you understand’, he said, ‘what I have done to you? 13 You call me Master and Lord, and rightly; so I am. 14 If I, then, the Lord and Master, have washed your feet, you must wash each other’s feet. 15 I have given you an example so that you may copy what I have done to you.

no servant is greater than his master,

no messenger is greater than the one who sent him

16 ‘In all truth I tell you, no servant is greater than his master, no messenger is greater than the one who sent him17 ‘Now that you know this, blessed are you if you behave accordingly.

love your next

Jesus tells us to love our next, whoever it is, your enemy, your neigboor, your childrens. sinners, pagan. Love is to be given to all. Jesus loved at the cross saying “Forgive them. They dont know what they are doing.
Love is given even at the limits of your capacity, may it be when your are victim of someones violence, offended or maybe even raped.

“God forgive them, they dont know what they are doing,”

.

love the creation

Like we are teached to love our next, we should even love all of the Creation of God. For me this means collecting garbage if I find it in nature and recicle it if it has been done with the gifts from God, Like, oil, sand and trees.

.

Conclusion

Love is also intelliigent. If you are able to love, you feel better.

Loving the one who behaves badly is a good way to have the offender to change its mind and behave better. Love generates love, hate generates hate.

But love is very difficult sometimes, especcially to those who makes you suffer. But you wont feel better by hating. Hate may even kill you after all.

Love is a good way to cooperate . And cooperation is a key for success. I wrote about cooperation in anothers page.

 

l

20 The Hebrews didn’t kill Jesus.

.

introduction

At todays Catholic mass we read John 8:4-11 about the woman caught to be adulterous and  sentenced to death by lapidation according to the Mosaic law and Jesus view on this case.  Jesus knew that God does not want use dead sinners but alive sinners that  will have the possibility to convert.

18% of the Italians think that the hebrews killed Jesus according to  a article in ww.lastampa.it  

Caiaphas the highest priest in Jerusalem may have written a report to Pilate with the charges  behind the Jesus death sentence.  This report is to be found in the so called archko volumes created by William Dennes Mahan, a American prebitarian priest. Because of this book he  was convicted by an ecclesiastical court of falsehood and plagiarism.  Mahan was therefore convicted and suspended from the ministry for one year.  (Wiki ) So we can not be sure that Caiaphas reports in the archko volumes are genuine documents. 

These reports may however bring some idea about who really sentenced and killed Jesus. 18 % of Italians believe that the Hebrews killed Jesus. The Caiaphas reports tells me not to agree with these Italians.

index

.

Johns text

John 8:4-11

says:  ‘Master, this woman was caught in the very act of committing adultery, and in the Law Moses has ordered us to stone women of this kind. What have you got to say?’  They asked him this as a test, looking for an accusation to use against him. But Jesus bent down and started writing on the ground with his finger.  As they persisted with their question, he straightened up and said, ‘Let the one among you who is guiltless be the first to throw a stone at her.’  Then he bent down and continued writing on the ground.  When they heard this they went away one by one, beginning with the eldest, until the last one had gone and Jesus was left alone with the woman, who remained in the middle.  Jesus again straightened up and said, ‘Woman, where are they? Has no one condemned you?’  ‘No one, sir,’ she replied. ‘Neither do I condemn you,’ said Jesus. ‘Go away, and from this moment sin no more.'”

Jesus does not suggest a change to the law about adultery.  He opposses on how and by whom the sentence is executed. Jesus was presumably without sin and could have trown the first stone but he didn’t. He understood that God does not want dead sinners but sinners alive to be able to convert.  He alway emphasized on the existence of a understanding, tollerant and forgiving God. That was not the God  of the Hebrews.

His action was not liked the the priesthood in Jerusalem.  Caiaphas gives a reasonable explanation in his report why the priesthood did not like this kind of tollerant and forgiving God. 

.

Caiaphas

Caiaphas is an aristocrat member of one of the ruling Jewish sects, the Sadducees, a religious movement in Judaea that found most of its members among the wealthy Jewish elite.(Wiki ) Caiaphas later inherited the High priest position by Valerius Gratus year 18 e.Kr. and held that position until Easter 37 when he was substituted by  Lucius Vitellius, ( www.newworldencyclopedia.org )  he had this long term probably because  he was very cooperative and friendly minded with the Romans.  You understand this by the report. Learn more in www.gotquestions.org  and in these two  videos:

 

.

report about Jesus execution

The report is to be found inThe archko volumes pu together by William Dennes Mahan as said in my introduction Mahan  was convicted by an ecclesiastical court of falsehood and plagiarism.  he obviously copied a short story by Joseph Méry published in Revue de Paris in 1837 and a novel from ben-Hur Mahan was therefore convicted and suspended from the ministry for one year.  (Wiki ) Mahan tells in the first chapter that he got part of the documents from a German called Whydaman who said he visited the Vatican library and got documents there. Mahan says he went himself later to the Vatican library and to the lbrary in Constantinople. 

Even if the document are not certified to be authentic copies of a antique document, I decided to share  Caiaphas report 

in docs.google.com

You find however the  full text at archive.org

“The archkovolumnes is a series of reports from Jewish and pagan sources contemporary with Jesus that relate to the biblical texts describing his life. The work went through a number of versions and has remained in print ever since. The texts are otherwise unknown, and the author was convicted by an ecclesiastical court of falsehood and plagiarism.” ( Wiki and E.J. Goodspeed, Modern Apocrypha (Boston: Beacon Press, 1956), 40. ) So the texts in this book must be read with this in mind. Some or all of it may be fiction..

.

Caiaphas  charges against Jesus

In the report from Caiaphas you find the charges with whose Caiaphas  sentenced Jesus to death. These were:

  1. First, with teaching the doctrine that there are more gods than one, which is contrary to the teachings of the Jewish law, which he most positively refuses to desist from in the presence of this court.
  2. Second, he teaches that he is a God, which is contrary to the Jewish law, and he is visible and comprehensible ; and, after being asked to desist by this court, he most positively affirms that he is the Son of God.
  3. Third, he teaches and affirms that the Bath hole (Holy Spirit) cannot come until he goes away, which is contrary to the teachings of the Jews ; because it was He that brooded over the waters, and has been in the habitual light of the world ever since ; from all of which he refuses to desist.
  4. He teaches baptism as the seal of God, instead of circumcision, which was established by the decrees of God with Abraham as a seal of the Jews ; and when abjured to desist by this court declared he would not.

 

  • He teaches asceticism as the means of salvation, contrary to the Jewish custom ; and affirmed in the presence of this court lie would not desist.
  • He teaches that the Levitical ablution is of no service, while we hold that the outward washing is the sign of inward purity ; and when abjured to desist he emphatically refused. ” ‘
  • He has abrogated the ordinance given by God to Moses of the pascal supper, wherein we should roast a lamb and eat it with unleavened bread ; but Jesus has introduced a custom altogether different without any authority.
  • He has introduced common bread and wine, which are not only forbidden, but are well qualified to excite men’s passions and make them forget God rather than to remember and trust Him, this least having been
  • introduced that we should remember to trust Him in the hours of trouble. When asked why he did this, all he would say was : ” Hitherto I work, and my Father works.”
  • He has abrogated the priesthood, and set the temple at naught, which is the very life’s blood of the Jewish faith. ” i Were it not that God our Father has given us these holy ordinances we would not be so tenacious of them. We know they are the pillars upon which the Jewish theocracy is built, and that we cannot live without them. Although Jesus of Nazareth has been abjured time and again to stop teaching these ways of death, he has as often declared he would not ; therefore it devolves on me as the proper and the only officer to pronounce sentence upon him 

Caliphas is not happy with the way Jesus was put to death and  concludes his report with:

These charges were written by my scribe, and sent with the officers to Pilate for his consent. It seems that Pilate thirsted for his blood. Like all guilty tyrants, he was afraid of his own shadow, and wished to destroy everything that threatened his power. I expected Pilate to send Jesus back to me, so that I could send him to you for your approval ; and i! so, then I could proceed to try Mm with Urim and Thummim, with the regular lacJdees on uard, as our law requires ; but It seems that Pilate thirsted for his blood”

and

although he has not been preaching over three years, he has more followers to-day than Abraham has, and they have become perfectly hostile toward the Jews that are faithful to their God ; and, if it Had not been for the Roman soldiers, on the day of His execution we would have had one of the bloodiest insurrections ever known to the Jewish commonwealth.

.

Conclusion

I find the report of Caiaphah  to be supported in the Gospels According to this doc you can see that the Adulterous case never ended up in a charge. 

Caiaphas was in the report very negative to the view of a forgiving God that he defines as week. Quite areasonable view for a Hebrew  believing strongly in a old testament eye for an eye God. But I didnt expect the description of Jesus as made in his “concerning the resurrection report” in chapter 7.

when I lifted up my eyes, behold Jesus of Nazareth stood before me. My breath stopped, my blood ran cold, and I was in the act of falling, when he spoke and said, Be not afraid, it is I. You condemned me that you might go free. This is the work of my Father. Your only wrong is, you have a wicked heart; this you must repent of. This last lamb you have slain is the one that was appointed before the foundation ; this sacrifice is made for all men. Your other lambs were for those who offered them ; this is for all, this is the last ; it is for you if you will accept it. I died that you and all mankind might be saved.* At this he looked at me with such melting tenderness that it seemed to me I was nothing but tears, and my strength was all gone. I fell on my face at his feet as one that was dead.”

In the report it is clear that the sentence and execution of Jesus was requested by the priesthood and the Romans as they saw in Jesus a istigator and leader of a resurrection. Many Hebrews followed Jesus and thousands were at the execution asking why he was sentenced. 

The pope seem to have said a the Vatican council II that

“Jesus died as a Hebrew” 

I dont think that this  help those who think that the Hebrews killed Jesus. I advice instead to look closer at this report to see if there is a genuine original in the Vatican Libaary as Mahan claimed 100 years ago.