Category Archives: Jesus

Jesus baptism and paedobaptism

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INTRODUCTION

Today at Mass John 1,29-34 is read   (Italian version: Gv 1,29-34 )

It reminded my about Jesus baptism that was celebrated on Monday. I decided to take a pause from my math Fourier studies and writing.

This is a update of a post i published January 13 2019.

January 13 the Catholic Mass read about Jesus baptism 30 years old. Jesus baptism has been discussed since the begining of Christianity.

“Baptists—and “Bible churches” in the Baptist tradition—insist that baptism is only for those who have come to faith. Nowhere in the New Testament, they point out, do we read of infants being baptized.” (Source:  www.catholic.com )

I wanted to baptice my childrens in my Catholic church but were not allowed to do that because I never went to mass at that time. We could have done that in the Protestant church but I and the mother decided that the childrens could do that as adults instead, like Jesus did. 

This post led me into a paradigm shift.

INDEX

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The text

I do not add here the text of this Sunday but share texts that may refer to neonatal baptism.

Jesus about baptism

according to  Matthew  28:19 Jesus said after he arise from death:

Go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,”

If this is a true testimonial or a invention from the apostle to justify paedobaptism, remain to be seen.

Matthew 3:13 says:

“03:13 Then Jesus came from Galilee to the Jordan to John,
to be baptized by him. But John would have hindered him, saying, “I need to be  baptized by you, and you come to me?”

Mark 01:05 writes why John the Baptist baptized like this:
All the country of Judea and all those of Jerusalem went out to him. They were baptized by him in the Jordan river, confessing their sins.

Mark 01:09 says then “It happened in those days, that Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee, and was baptized by John in the Jordan.”

Probably Matthew relied on the writings of Mark.

But the apostle John didnt follow Mark. John starts his Gospel 01:29  with Jesus coming to John the Baptist but the apostle John never writes that Jesus got baptized by John. Why?

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The message

I have wondered for long time why Jesus wanted to be baptized by John according to Mark and Matthew. But as john never mention this, I begun wondering  if Jesus ever let himself be baptized.

Maybe after all, Jesus never thought he needed to make “a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins” as Mark 01:04 writes or to “confess his sins”)

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History of paedobaptism

he Greek Bishop Gregory of Nazianz wrote in the second century: ” what do you have to say about those who are still children, and aware neither of loss nor of grace? Shall we baptize them too?’  Certainly [I respond], if there is any pressing danger. Better that they be sanctified unaware, than that they depart unsealed and uninitiated”. Read more inwww.catholic.com

Neonatal death  was very common 2000 years ago. Probably because of that, the Catholic church started  the tradition to baptice newborn babies as soon as possible. Mybe the church did it “to save these newborn from hell or from the original sin”.

Michael Servetus who was sentenced to death because of heresy, said about paedobaptism:

“It is an invention of the devil, an infernal falsity for the destruction of all Christianity.” ( Source: www.newworldencyclopedia.org/ )

I do not understand why he came to this strong conclusion.

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conclusion

updating my article about Jesus baptism I experienced a paradigm shift and understood that I must change somewhat my story about the young Jesus.

Jesus may have baptized with John to rbe a good example for others and to repent his behaviour as a young child when he made his parents scared by not following them out of the temple.

What happens if you die and are not baptized as infant?

Catholic.com does not answer on that question but says that “you are not saved” if you are not baptized. Read more in https://www.catholic.com/tract/the-necessity-of-baptism 

The pope Benedict 16 said that as we choose to get childrens so we should baptize them as “with the baptism they are protected by God” Read more in the Italian site  http://www.santamelania.it

Catholic.com also says “Thus the early Church Fathers wrote in the Nicene Creed (A.D. 381), “We believe in one baptism for the forgiveness of sins.” 

Only the Witnesses of Jehovah do not practice infant baptism. (read more in https://www.jwfacts.com/watchtower/baptism.php )

Paedobaptism

As the church regards Jesus as God and therefore his baaptising not a baptising for the sins, the church started the tradition of paedobaptism. Jesus baptism was like a paedobaptism despite his documented 30 years of age.

Despite what Jesus said in Matthew, maybe Jesus himself did errors as a small child and wanted therefore to get baptized for the sins made during his youth.

 

 

Jesus message about miracles

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INTRODUCTION

Today at Catholic Mass we read Matthew 11:02-11 )

This is one of the few parts were Jesus talks about his own miracles. He talks about his and Gods power, the power of doing miracles, supernatural events.

I wrote about miracles and my faith before in www.kinberg.net/wordpress/stellan/2019/01/20/jesus-miracles/

I do not rely on the miracle stories told by the evangelists but I rely on  their sharing of Jesus words especcially if you find these repeated by the other evangelists. The message of Matthew today about miracles is found also in Luke (see below).

You may argue that Luke may have copied Matthew but that you find the same words in Lukes Gospel is also a sign that the author of Luke must have thought that the Matthew gospel was reliable.

Whatever, when Jesus himself talks about miracles then I listen. His words make me believe Jesus could do miracles like I believe God can.

INDEX

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The message

Matthew 11:02-11 says:

“11:2  Now when John heard in the prison the works of Christ,
he sent two of his disciples and said to him, “ Are you he who comes, or should we look for another?”
11:4 Jesus answered them, “Go and tell John the things
which you hear and see: the blind receive their sight, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed,  the deaf hear, the dead are raised up,  and the poor have good news preached to them. Blessed is he who finds no occasion for stumbling in me.”

Luke use almost the same words as Matthew in Matthew 11:04. Look at Luke 07:22:

07:22 Jesus answered them, “Go and tell John the things which you have seen and heard: that the blind receive their sight, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, and the
poor have good news preached to them. Blessed is he who finds no occasion for stumbling in me.”

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conclusion

When Jesus said “Go and tell John the things
which you hear and see: the blind receive their sight, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed,  the deaf hear, the dead are raised up”

Jesus authority

I wrote about Marys miraculous conception last year in www.kinberg.net/wordpress/stellan/2018/12/08/1-virgin-marys-miraculous-20181208/

Let me paste the text of Luke 1:26-38

26 In the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent by God to a town in Galilee called Nazareth, 27 to a virgin betrothed to a man named Joseph, of the House of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary. 28 He went in and said to her, ‘Rejoice, you who enjoy God’s favour! The Lord is with you.’ 29 She was deeply disturbed by these words and asked herself what this greeting could mean, 30 but the angel said to her, ‘Mary, do not be afraid; you have won God’s favour. 31 Look! You are to conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you must name him Jesus.”

Despite being a doctor, Luke did not know that the birth of a boy requires a egg. and Mary had all eggs created since before her own birth.

“every woman is born with all her eggs already inside her ovaries” ( Source: www.naturalcycles.com/cyclematters/5-facts-about-the-female-egg-cell )

So the miracle is really a miraculous fertilizing of one of those 7 million eggs released from the ovaries at ovulation.

Of course noone at the time of Jesus knew about this.

And probably many Christians listening to Luke today still don’t.

So half of Jesus was already created when Mary was in her mothers womb, maybe 13 years earlier.

So if Luke would have known this, he would have had problems writing that Jesus is “Son of God”instead of “the son of God and Mary”

Despite this, the story Luke wrote is a well written and, nice and motivated tale.

This tale was necessary at the time of Luke

I omitted this part in my demythologized Luke Gospel as I feel that the authority of Jesus is not given by the way he was conceived but by his words and actions.

We should not get blinded by miracle stories and not listen to the great teaching of Jesus.

As jesus said

“Unless you see signs and wonders,
you will in no way believe.” (Jn 4:48)

Kerygma – parable 8: Hell

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INTRODUCTION

Last Sunday we read uke 16,19-31 (Italian version, See English version below) about Hell. Jesus tells as I see it a parable about Hell in a rather funny way. This parable is easy to understand. But the thought came up in me, is there a Hell really? 

Is Hell like a described it in my conclusion  in a post from March 24?

INDEX

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A parable

This Luke 16 version is copied from www.catholic.org:

19 ‘There was a rich man who used to dress in purple and fine linen and feast magnificently every day. 20 And at his gate there used to lie a poor man called Lazarus, covered with sores, 21 who longed to fill himself with what fell from the rich man’s table. Even dogs came and licked his sores.

This rich men probably never helped Lazarus.

22 Now it happened that the poor man died and was carried away by the angels into Abraham’s embrace. The rich man also died and was buried. 23 ‘In his torment in Hades he looked up and saw Abraham a long way off with Lazarus in his embrace. 

24 So he cried out, “Father Abraham, pity me and send Lazarus to dip the tip of his finger in water and cool my tongue, for I am in agony in these flames.” 

This is a rather funny but very strong description.

25 Abraham said, “My son, remember that during your life you had your fill of good things, just as Lazarus his fill of bad. Now he is being comforted here while you are in agony. 26 But that is not all: between us and you a great gulf has been fixed, to prevent those who want to cross from our side to yours or from your side to ours.” 

As Lazarus is not allowed to enter Hell the rich man said instead

27  “Father, I beg you then to send Lazarus to my father’s house, 28 since I have five brothers, to give them warning so that they do not come to this place of torment too.” 29 Abraham said, “They have Moses and the prophets, let them listen to them.” 30 The  rich man replied, “Ah no, father Abraham, but if someone comes to them from the dead, they will repent.” 31 Then Abraham said to him, “If they will not listen either to Moses or to the prophets, they will not be convinced even if someone should rise from the dead.”

This part describes the known need of humans to see Miracles to convert.  If dead could show up and talk with humans there would be people maybe changing behaviour. But the Prophets have spoken.

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The message

 

The message is clear. There is no way open back from life after death.  We should use our ears and listen to the message given to us by the Prophets.

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conclusion

I still wonder, is there a Hell with barbecue of humans? I think it is rather a metaphore and a warning for people who can not abandon their behaviour or  see no reason to do good in their lives.

I stick to my description of Hell like I described it in my conclusion  in a post from March 24.

In our life on Earth, doing bad things,  we open  Hell in our next.

But but, we can never be sure.

Kerygma – parable 7 – the unrighteous clever administrator

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INTRODUCTION

Today we read the parable about the intelligent but dishonest administrator in ( Luke 16:1-13 ) it is about how we administrate our own lives and the life of our community.

I have had some dificulties to understand this parable. What does this parable teach us? The Italian program “A sua immagine” was not able to discuss this. They left this difficult issue to seek safety in a dialog about miracles instead. 

The Liparian priest never read the parable. He read the “short (easy) version (Luke 16:10-13 ), so I did not have to explain it. I wonder why.

NB. The priest in the television mass read however the parable and Pope Franciscus talked about it without explaining it. The dishonest administrator in the parable  is acc ording to him like the many corrupt people we haev today. 

INDEX

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The parable text

Accoring to Luke 16:01-13 Jesus  said to his disciples:

16:01 “There was a certain rich man who had a manager. An accusation was made to him that this man was wasting his possessions. He called him, and said to him, ‘What is this that I hear about you? Give an accounting of your management, for you can no longer be manager.’  “The manager said within himself, ‘What will I do, seeing that my lord is taking away the management position from me? I don’t have strength to dig.  I am ashamed to beg. I know what I will do, so that when I am removed from management, they may receive me into their houses.’ Calling each one of his lord’s debtors to  Him, he said to the first, ‘How much do you owe to my lord?’ for an agricultural laborer. He said, ‘A hundred batos of oil.’ He said to him, ‘Take your bill, and sit down quickly and write fifty.’ Then he said to another, ‘How much do you owe?’ He said, ‘A hundred cors of wheat.’ He said to him, ‘Take your bill, and write eighty.’
16:08 “His lord commended the dishonest manager because he had done wisely, for the children of this world are, in their own generation, wiser than the children of the light.

jesus explains the parable like this:

16:09 I tell you, make for yourselves friends by means of unrighteous mammon, so that when you fail, they may receive you into the eternal tents.
16:10 He who is faithful in a very little is faithful also in much. He who is dishonest in a very little is also dishonest in much. If therefore you have not been faithful in the unrighteous mammon, who will commit to your trust the true riches? If you have not been faithful in that which is another’s, who will give you that which is your own?   No servant can serve two masters, for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to one, and despise the other. You aren’t able to serve God and mammon .”

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The message in the Parable

The rich man said to the dishonest administrator “Give an accounting of your management” is interesting as it reminds about Gods willingness to listen to us. God wants us to think about our own behaviour, just like a good teacher wants this from its pupils and students.

The rich man then said “for you can no longer be manager.” makes me think that we must take our responsibility and let someone else do our administration. Leaving our work as manager and administrator can be done only if the parable talks about the administration of a  comunity. That may be the comunity of our church, our work, our classroom or whatever else community of humans.

The administrator shows to be clever. He  found a dishonest solution to secure his future:

Luke 16:04 I know what I will do, so that when I am removed from management, they may receive me into their houses.’

 As the Pope Franciscus said after the Mass celebration in Rome, that teh administrators behaviour is a “example of corruption that is frequent today”. Corrupted people that are not intelligent enough to do a good job, dedicate their time being dishonest instead.

But the problem with this parable comes when Jesus explains the parable like this.  Jesus started his explanation with a very puzzleing answer.

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The parable explained by Jesus

Luke 16:09 “make for yourselves friends by means of unrighteous mammon”

Does really Jesus invite us to get friends with unrighteous behaviour, by e.g. corrupting people? It sonds like “steal from the rich and give to the poor” like Robin Hood did according to the legend.

Maybe the author William Langlands was inspired by this parable?

( Source : wallazee.global.ssl.fastly.net )

But Jesus said according to Matthew 05:20

unless your righteousness exceeds that of the scribes and Pharisees,  there is no way you will enter into the Kingdom of Heaven.

To be dishonest can not be what Jesus intended to teach us with this parable. But this verse of Matthew 06:19  may give us a clue 

“Don’t lay up treasures for yourselves on the earth, where moth and rust consume, and where thieves break through and steal; but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven.

A friend from Messina read Jesus answer as ““make for yourselves friendship with unrighteous people” like a way of love your enemie. But that has nothing or little to do with the parable. Those borrowers who where in dept with the rich man,  were not necessary unrighteous people beside of not having paid. The administrator made these borrowers unrighteous by asking them to falsify document and pay less.

As the Pope said, the parable may teach us to do something good after our bad behaviour  e.g by making other happy, that is creating “treasures in heaven”. This is valid also if you have been a bad administrator of your own life.

if you have mistreated your own body with e.g. drug abuse, you can once saved, help others to do the same.

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conclusions

As www.goodnewsarticles.com by David A. DePra  writes,  this parable “is one of the more “puzzling” parables of Jesus. Yet in it is one of the most powerful lessons Jesus ever gave as to God’s purpose for us in this age. It answers the questions, “What is God’s purpose in my life? And what should I be doing to cooperate with Him?”

Back to the question ” Does really Jesus invite us to make friends by unrighteous mammon”  as it is written in Luke 16:09 ?

Th article inwww.goodnewsarticles.com by David A. DePra has the best discussion about this parable but David A. DePra does not discuss the meaning of unrighteous mammon.

looking at the verse in Biblehub 16:9 interlingual (with greek)

I see that unrighteous mammon isi written byLuke with  the Greek μαμωνᾶ τῆς ἀδικίας. The translation of μαμωνᾶ τῆς ἀδικίας  is translated by Bibkehub to “the wealth of unrighteousness”

as blog.adw.org/2013/08/what-does-jesus-mean-by-unrighteous-mammon/ writes

Mammon” is a Hebrew and Aramaic word that has a wider concept than just money. It refers to wealth in general and, even further, to the things of this world on which we rely. 

http blog.adw.org discusses the meaning of Mammon being dishonest or unrighteous. The article has this conclusion, that Jesus invites us:

“that we befriend the poor with our “unrighteous mammon,” that we be generous to others who are less fortunate.”

being still confused, I may come back to this post with updates.

 

 

 

 

Kerygma – parable 4, 5 ,6

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INTRODUCTION

The last Sunday at the Catholic Mass we read Luke 15:1-32

It is about taking care of the lost one explained by Jesus with three parables, the lost dracchma coin, the lost sheep and son.
I would say that this is  about not leaving anyone out. It is about including everyone, also those making errors. We are humans not Gods.

INDEX

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The parables

Luke 1:1-32 says:

15:01 Now all the tax collectors and sinners were coming close to him to hear him. The Pharisees and the scribes murmured, saying, “This man welcomes sinners, and eats with them.”

  1. The lost sheep

15:04 He told them this parable. “Which of you men, if you had one hundred sheep, and lost one of them, wouldn’t leave the ninety-nine in the wilderness, and go after the one that was lost, until he found it? When he has found it, he carries it on his shoulders, rejoicing.
15:6 When he comes home, he calls together his friends and his neighbors, saying to them, ‘Rejoice with me, for I have found my sheep which was lost!’ I tell you that even so there will be more joy
in heaven over one sinner who repents, than over ninety-nine righteous people who need no repentance. 

the lost drachma coin

what woman, if she had ten drachma coins, if she lost one drachma coin, wouldn’t light a lamp, sweep the house, and seek diligently until she found it? When she has found it, she calls together her friends and neighbors, saying, ‘Rejoice with me, for I have found the drachma which I had lost.’ Even so, I tell you, there is joy in the presence of the angels of God over  One sinner repenting.”

2. The lost son

15:11 He said, “A certain man had two sons. The younger of them said to his father, ‘Father, give me my share of your property.’ He divided his livelihood between them. Not many days after, the younger son gathered all of this together and traveled into a far country. There he wasted his property with riotous living. When he had spent all of it,  there arose a severe famine in that and he began to be in need. He went and joined himself to one of the citizens of that country, and he sent him into his fields to feed pigs. He wanted to fill his belly with the husks that the pigs ate, but no one gave him any. But when he came to himself he said, ‘How many hired
servants of my father’s have bread enough to spare, and I’m dying with hunger! I will get up and go to my father, and will tell him, “Father, I have sinned against Heaven, and in your sight. I am no
more worthy to be called your son. Make me as one of your hired servants.”’
15:20 “He arose, and came to his father. But while he was still far off, his father saw him, and was moved with compassion, and ran, and fell on his neck, and kissed him. The son said to him, ‘Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in your sight. I am no longer worthy to be
called your son.’
15:22 “But the father said to his servants, A drachma coin was worth about 2 days wages ‘Bring out the best robe, and put it on him. Put a ring on his hand, and shoes on his feet. Bring the fattened calf, kill it,
15:24and let us eat, and celebrate; for this, my son, was dead, and is alive again. He was lost, and is found.’ They began to celebrate.
15:25 “Now his elder son was in the field. As he came near to the house, he heard music and dancing. He called one of the servants to him, and asked what was going on. He said to him, ‘Your brother has come, and your fatherhas killed the fattened calf, because he has received him back safe and healthy.’
15:28 But he was angry, and would not go in. Therefore his father came out, And begged him. But he answered his father, ‘Behold, these many years I have served you, and I never disobeyed
a commandment of yours, but you never gave me a goat, that I might celebrate with my friends. But when this, your son, came, who has devoured your living with prostitutes, you killed the fattened calf for
him.’ “He said to him, ‘Son, you are always with me, and all that is mine is Yours. But it was appropriate to celebrate and be glad, for this, your brother, was dead, and is alive again. He was lost,
and is found.’

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The message

 

As i said in the introduction  the parables are  about including everyone, also those making errors. We are humans learning by doing (often mistakes). We are not perfect.

it is about including everyone or loving each other like God loves us.

Learn from the past

The Roman empire grew thanks to inclusion. It did not last forever because of other reasons. Djenghis Kahn’s family became so powerful because of inclusion. They welcomed Buddhists and had them as advisors. They welcomed Chinese that teached them to produce and use canons. They had Muslims in the army and gave tthem time to pray. (Source: Con Iggulden)

Engage our immigrants.

Some political leaders like Trump and the Italian Salvini have not learned from history and think that by closing  borders they solve issues. They don’t understand the value of immigration on long term. Many Africans that migrate to Europe may become  very important for the European export industry. They know the African languages, they know the African  culture, the African customs.

They can help making commerce with Africa as for sure Africa, like China and India will also sooner or later grow into a huge export market. Africa has a lot of solar energy, fossile resources as well as minerals. Not forgetting about their djungles, with a great biodiversity with a genetic richdom for the farmaceutical industri.

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conclusion

The message of Jesus in these Parables are examples of inclusion, tollerance and love, Examples that are most useful today, two thousand years later.

love your enemy and enter the gate to Heaven

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introduction

Some Catholic clerics are good at saying “Oh Lord! Oh Lord!” but have no interest in following the Lords comandments , “love your enemy, God and your next”, “Do not judge!” and “Do not kill!”. The dark age inquisition clerics and hypocrits, Jesus warned us for, are back again. The devil never gives up and has now got new followers, again yelling “heresy!”. The Pope Franciscus’ “mistake” is that he is a disciple of Jesus, that tries to convert sinners, asks us all to help the poor and to love the Creation of God. The reason we see this, may be as it has always been, power and money. Power and money once loved by Pharisees, is now loved by Catholic bishops flirting with Conservative powers? read more at  www.reuters.com

This post is dedicated to : “but whoever strikes you on your right cheek, turn to him the other also” ( Mt 5:39 )“. Looking at ouselves (me included of course) this is really something difficult fo humans.  This is surely one difficult part of the narrow gate to Heaven.

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The narrow gate

jesus said “How narrow is the gate, and restricted is the way that leads to life! ( mt 07:13 )

The gate may be narrow for more reason than the Jesus commandment “love your enemy” and “turn the other cheek”. Another one is the commandment to give your richdom to the poor. Read the story about the young rich man.

According to Matthew 19:21 Jesus said to the rich young man: “If you want to be perfect, go, sell what you have, and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow me.”

But when the young man heard the saying, he went away sad, for he was one who had great possessions. Jesus said to his disciples, “Most certainly I say to you, a rich man will enter into the Kingdom of Heaven with difficulty.

How many of you Christians would do that?

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Human natural instincts

I remember. when I annoyed my dog while it was eating. I pulled my dog’s tail. I should have not done so.  He bit me on the face and I was immediately taken to the doctor to take a tetanus syringe.

it looks to me that human beings behaves just like dogs when they see themselves and their property threatened.

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self defence in law

We have even written laws to allow us to use weapons against enemies.

“The right to self-defense is a genuinely pre-societal right that evolved in the absence of the state. It survived the formation of the state because no state will ever have enough power to perfectly protect individuals. ” (Source: www.oxfordscholarship.com )

The US  law governing self-defense does not excuse any violent act just because another person struck the first blow or made a violent threat.” ( Read more at source: www.criminaldefenselawyer.com )

The US  liberal gun laws seems not to give Americans more safety as 10000 dies every year in gun related fights.

In Italy more and more people train shooting while  a new self defence law has been approved March 28 2019 Almost a million Italians have weapon licence. 200.000 Italians train shooting regularely in shooting ranges (60 in north Italy. (Source:  espresso.repubblica.it  and www.agi.it/politica ) 

Jesus with his “love you enemy” comandment,   invites us to not obey to our natural instincts. How many Christian have followed Jesus since then? 

Jesus said according to Luke 6:46:

“Why do you call me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ and don’t do the things which I say?”

and in Mark 07:06 accuse those who do not do it, to be hypocrites: ” “Well did Isaiah prophesy of you hypocrites, as it is written ‘This people honors me with their lips, but their heart is far from me.

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How did Jesus behave with his enemies?

Jesus seldom showed a loving attitude to enemies.

This is what happened in the Temple according to John 02:13

“He found in the temple those who sold oxen, sheep, and doves, and the changers of money sitting. He made a whip of cords, and threw all out of the temple, both the sheep and the oxen; and he poured out the changers’ money, and overthrew their tables. To those who sold the doves, he said, “Take these things out of here! Don’t make my Father’s house a marketplace!”

These were normal people doing their work to help visitors get animals to offer according to Jew tradition.

About the pharisees he talked according to Matthew 23:13-29 repeatedly  like this:

(23:13-15) “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites!

 (23:16 ) “Woe to you, you blind guides”, 

Neither of these two examples looks like a loving behaviour,

Using a “whip of cords”,and  calling people hypocrites, is not a loving attitude  nor a turning the other cheek behaviour.

The gospel authors, in this case Matthew and John, may however  have given false testimonials of Jesus deeds and behaviours.

The “woe to you Pharisees, hypocrites” words should however be genuine words of Jesus, as these  condemn the Catholic church hypocrit behaviour cenuries later.

www.psychologytoday.com   gives us a different prespective on “Love you enemie”  that somehow explains Jesus aparently contradicory behaviour:

“Loving our enemies does not mean that we must let them abuse, injure or kill us. When we truly love people, we have to stop them—with force if necessary—from doing things that can harm themselves or other innocent people. But we do it from love, not hatred.”

Psychological and social effects of loving you enemy

the “Love your enemie”  commandment is a kind of strategy for survival and peace. It was a revolutionary statement and law at Jesus time. Seemingly vey little  has happened in the evolution of the human being, since then. Look at e.g the behaviour of some powerful people:

www.psychologytoday.com writes:

“How would you like it if your enemies loved you? Great! They would no longer be your enemies! So since you would like your enemies to love you, you have to love them. If you love them, they cease being your enemies. Assuming you have real contact with them—you will have the chance to turn them into friends.”

When we stop bad behaviour we do it out from love

The article suggest the love your enemy as a strategy to fight bullyism.

Out of this we could conclude that Jesus talked and acted out of love.

 

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How to love your enemy

But how can we follow this commandment. 

jesus gave a advice once in Matthew 18:15 “If your brother sins against you, go, show him his fault between you and him alone.

I have practiced that with my students and it was successful. We agreed about a good time to met and then we met and talked. I kept a friendly tone to make him understand I want his best and that I am not angry with him . to not threathen or stress him and asked the boy why he did that…

When Jesus saw no reason to argue iwith people, he simply left, went away. 

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manageing  your defensivness

It  may be a good option to tell “I can not talk more today, let’s continue tomorrow.”

I wrote about what happens when you end up defending yourself in my evolution of collaboration post at www.kinberg.net/wordpress/stellan/2018/02/04/cooperation/#Improving_collaboration

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Conclusions

I am confused about Jesus word and deeds. They seem contradictory. With Jesus we learned taht God wants to convert people but does not achieve that by killing the bad ones.

I feel one must respect people. To respect people you must be sincere. Jesus was that but i wonder if he with his violence in the temple”Woe to you hypocrite”, really converted these people and got love back.

 

I would have talked with the money changer and animal seller first of all. As a former teacher, I would have talked in a different way with the Pharisees,  having them to think about their behaviour to lead them to understand themselves their behaviour is really false and hypocrite.

But Jesus maybe wanted them to kill him to fullfill his project. His provocational behaviour made had this intention and goal. To have the people of Jerusalem to vote for his crucifixion.

Or these parts are not really genuine actions and words by Jesus. I Imagine a more intelligent approach by Jesus with the only goal to save (convert) the lost Jews.

Kerygma – parable 3 – to be humble

  1. .

INTRODUCTION

 

Just a little time after the fall of Salvini  and more recenly the desperate prayers of di Maio to remain deputy, we read today at Mass  a good lesson that they probably have never read.

di Maio should read Luke 14:8 that give this good advice of Jesus:

“When you are invited by anyone to a marriage feast, don’t sit in the best seat, since perhaps someone more honorable or a bit more than a bushel han you might be invited by him, and he who invited both of you would come and tell you, ‘Make room for this person.’ Then you would begin, with shame, to take the lowest place. “

To not stay deputy, would be a humiliation Maio said a few days ago.

“For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled”

INDEX

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The parable

Luke 14:08-11 says: “When you are invited by anyone to a marriage feast, don’t sit in the best seat, since perhaps someone more honorable or a bit more than a bushel han you might be invited by him, and he who invited both of you would come and tell you, ‘Make room for this person.’ Then you would begin, with shame, to take the lowest place. But when you are invited, go and sit in the lowest place, so that when he who invited you comes, he may tell you, ‘Friend, move up higher.’ Then you will be honored in the presence of all who sit at the table with you. For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, and whoever humbles himself will be exalted.”

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The message

Jesus obviously talked about our next life when he said. “For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled” or even worse.  Jesus tells according to  Luke 16:19  ” about the rich man that asks to  “send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue! For I am in anguish in this flame.’

The same message could be sent to politcians like Salvini and di Maio. Maybe Salvini will have to ask to send a immigrant todo this…

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conclusion

It is a pity the church does not have the courage and never or seldom touch hot issues like referring to example of people of today.

“Those who have ears to hear with, listen.”

Some politicians need to use their ears and maybe also, read and understand.

Jesus were angry about this kind of people.

About the hypocrites, Jesus said according to Luke 6:46

Why do you call me, Lord, Lord,’ and don’t do the things which I say?

Luke 06:39: “Can the blind guide the blind?

Obviously not.

 

The Gospel kerygma

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Introduction

I have published Matthew’s gospelLukeMarc and John demytrhologized. You find these under Theology – Christinity – Gospel

I talk in this post about this work and why I have done it.

My demythologized Gospels are tools  for me and  those who want to listen to Jesus words and as Jesus said “build a house on the rock” (Lk 06:47). 

An evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign,
and there will be no sign given to it, 
except the sign of the prophet Jonah.”
(Mt 16:4)

Jesus wanted us to listen and not  to make miracles. My demythologized Gospels are tools  for those who want to read Jesus words and build a house on the rocks (Lk 06:47).  As(Lk 8:6) says:

He who has ears to hear, let him hear!” 

and Lk 8:21 says :

“My mother and my brothers are these who
hear the 
word of God and do it.”

Index

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background

“Unless you see signs and wonders,
you will in no way believe.” (Jn 4:48)

An evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign,
and there will be no sign given to it, 
except the sign of the prophet Jonah.”
(Mt 16:4)

These sentences of Jesus tells what he thought about signs and miracles. These sentences made me wonder if Jesus really did all those  miracles the Gospel authors write about. If the sign of the prophet Jonah will be given to a evil generation, did he do the  other miracles to a good (faithful generation? This seems absurd.

As Jesus himself talked about some of his miracles Because of this and the impact he had around the mediterranean, I have no doubt that he made some miracles to attract attention and respect, a little bit like Moses. I explain more about this below.

Fantasies and myth?

Uta Ranke-Heineman in “Nein und Amen”  says that  the most part  of the miracles were fantasies and myths, written to raise Jesus authority and status.  I wrote  some time ago a post about the miracles of Jesus where I shared my opinion about these. 
Working with that post I became  inspired by  Rudolf Bultman and his Demythologization concept. He wanted to get the story of Jesus  more acceptable by a generation like ours, that knows more about math, chemistry, physics and biology.
I myself were focused to to get the  teaching of Jesus more visible without the many distracting miracle stories. 

The necessity of supernatural phenomena for prophets

Moses said to  God “‘But suppose they will not believe me or listen to  my words, and say to me, “Yahweh has not appeared to you”?’ Exodus 4:1  At these times and probably also 2000 years ago, people required supernatural phenomena to believe that Prophets where sent by God. 

Miracle stories still important today?

A friend of mine thought that the miracle stories are still important for many Christians today.  Very few Christians are able to follow Jesus commandments (turn your left cheek, love your enemy and forgive 7*70 times) and how many do really understand his parable.? It looks for me that many Christians maybe think that it is enough to believe in these miracle stories to be a good Christian. you dont have to follow his commands. The  Apostle’s creed mentions “Son of the  the Virgin Mary, miracle ” but there is no  “I follow Jesus commandments of love”. Only in the prayer of the Father your say “I forgive…”  It looks really that many, like  Jesus said using Isaiahs words people : honor me with their lips; but their heart is far from me. Can you hate your neighbour and practice  revenge  and still be regarded a  Christian?  

I decided  to make a version of the Gospels were almost only Jesus words are added, something like  the Gospel of Thomas.
 https://en.wikipedia.org/

The  Gospel  of Thomas is to difficult to read as Jesus sentences are totally out of context.  I decided therefore to leave some information about where and why he spoke.

Removing the story of Jesus birth and first year and some  miracle stories I get emphasy on Jesus’ dialogs and  teaching.

In my demythologized gospels, I left some stories  where Jesus himself talked about these. Look e.g.  at   the miracle of the blind man, the deceised Lazarus and about  the man with a withered hand (Lk), the last one, that was integral part of a dialog about Sabbath. If he talked about a miracle, that miracle must indeed have been made.
Jesus wanted us to listen and not  to make miracles.

Why demythologization?

I choosed to describe  my gospel editions with Bultmanns word “demythologized” as the word most visualize my purpose of the work, to make the Gospels readable tools for those who want to study Jesus kerygma not distracting with  “supernatural” stories.

Read more about Demythologization at www.oxfordbiblicalstudies.com or look at this video.

The Gospel demythologized a tool to study Jesus kerygma

  • All words my Jesus are in bold.
  • I  search in the page with CTRL-F and find myself helped with the kerygma index below that gives link to all the gospels.
  • I hope my work may become useful for you too.

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Method

Finding clean versions of the Gospels online

I needed to have the Gospels offline as my Internet was slow and Gospels online like e.g.  the ones on www.catholic.org or www. biblehub.com are  polluted with publicity and menu options.  It was difficult to find  the Gospels in cleaned pdf format.  The whole Bible that I dfound in pdf format  was far to heavy for my old computer.

I finally found the new testament from   www.christianwritingtoday.com  that I could download and have  on my local hd in my pdf map.The Texts I have in my demythologized gospels were  taken from “The World English Bible (WEB)”. One may ask, are the Gospels still copyrighted? as the site sepcifies that   “The World English Bible (WEB) is not copyrighted.  

Editing the Gospels

When the Gospel author  tells about a miracle or a story that may be a myth, I add a subtitle about it, leave the verse numbers and remove the texts about it.

Exceptions

I have done exceptions

  • with the miracles that are integral parts of Jesus reaching like the one made on a Sabbath
  • the ones Jesus himself mentions.

I invite you to focus on Jesus’ words but I leave  miracle  verse numbers  if you can not resist or you want to read these for you childrens. 🙂

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kerygma Index

index of speeches and parables in the Gospels 
(referrals to Marc are in green, Matthew in Lila, John in blue, Luke in orange)

Gospels about the Mosaic law

Parables

Parables about the Kingdom of Heaven

Gospel speeches and dialogs

About the End of the Age 

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Conclusions

After my work with Luke

Like Mark, John uses the word Kingdom of God instead of Matthews  (ed Peters as Mark probably wrote with help of Peter) kingdom of Heaven. Jesus talked about the Kingdom of God together with Nicodemus saying “unless one is born of water and spirit, he can’t enter into the Kingdom of God“. This seemingly contraddicts Jesus  parable desciption of the Kingdom of Heaven in Matthew where the Earth may be the Kingdom of Heaven.   If not the Kingdom of Heaven is to be intended as a Kingdom after the Resurrection day.

I consider more and more miracles that Jesus talked about. The apostles would probably not put words in Jesus that are not his. Maybe the words may not be 100% accurate as Talmidins may not remember every detail. 

I will continue …

to work with these Gospels, updating the kerygma index and writing other post like posts about Jesus parables.

 

Bildresultat för if you are not astonished by quantum mechanics then you have not understood it.

Inspired by  Nils Bohr’s saying about Quantum mechanics, I conclude this page with:

“if you are not astonished by the words of Jesus,
then you have not understood Jesus.”

 

 

Kerygma – parable 2

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INTRODUCTION

I have so far followed the Catholic Mass readings  in my posts.
I have demythologized Matthews Gospel to get out the pearls from the confusing dust of Miracles. The pearls I find most interesting are the parables explaining the “Kingdom of Heaven” as Matthew use to call Lukes “Kingdom of God”.

Look for “Kingdom of Heaven” (ctrl-F) in my Matthew Gospel page. www.kinberg.net/wordpress/stellan/matthew-demythologized/

You find in my edited Gospel of Matthew,that Jesus gave us a puzzle with these six parables that should explain what the Kingdome of God is:

Jesus explained the man and enemy sowers in 13:37

I have now decided to follow my own transcendental track trying to understand what the Kingdom of God is.  I decided to start from the parable of the sower that jesus explained. 

INDEX

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A parable

In my demythologized Matthew gospel I used“The World English Bible (WEB)”. distributed by www.ChristianWritingToday.com  Here is the version from https://www.catholic.org 
the differences are minimal . but some words in the Catholic version are very  difficult to understand.  The greek υἱοὶ (sons)  is translated to subject instead of  childrens).  Look at the interlingual Matthew 13:38 in biblehub.com/interlinear/matthew/13-38.htm )

24 He put another parable before them, ‘The kingdom of Heaven 
may be compared to a man who sowed good seed in his field
25 While everybody was asleep his enemy came, sowed darnel all among the wheat, and made off. 
26 When the new wheat sprouted and ripened, then the darnel appeared as well. 
27 The owner’s labourers went to him and said, “Sir, was it not good seed that you sowed in your field? If so, where does the darnel come from?” 
28 He said to them, “Some enemy has done this.” And the labourers said, “Do you want us to go and weed it out?” 
29 But he said, “No, because when you weed out the darnel you might pull up the wheat with it.
30 Let them both grow till the harvest; and at harvest time I shall say to the reapers: First collect the darnel and tie it in bundles to be burnt, then gather the wheat into my barn.” ‘ 
31 He put another parable before them, ‘The kingdom of Heaven is like a mustard seed which a man took and sowed in his field. 

The message

Jesus explains this parable in Matthew 13:37 like this:

37 ‘The sower of the good seed is the Son of man. 
38 The field is the world;
the good seed is the subjects of the kingdom (WEB: children of the Kingdom);
the darnel, the subjects of the Evil One (WEB: children of the evil one)
39 the enemy who sowed it, the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; the reapers are the angels.
40 Well then, just as the darnel is gathered up and burnt in the fire, so it will be at the end of time. 
41 The Son of man will send his angels and they will gather out of his kingdom all causes of falling and all who do evil,
42 and throw them into the blazing furnace, where there will be weeping and grinding of teeth.
43 Then the upright will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Anyone who has ears should listen!

Jesus does nto explain who The owner’s labourers are.

I interpret that the owner is God but the labourer are faithul Human beings 

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The parable translated

Jesus does not explain all the words he used in his sower parable.

I have these parable word interpretations

  • The verb “sow” in greek is speirōn σπείρωνI which is has its corresponding word of seed that in greek is sperma
    σπέρμα (look at Matthew interlingual §13:37 )
     2000 years ago humans believed that the sperma  of men was enough to get a child. They did not know about the female ovuli. This fact  explains the use of the verb  speirōn  in Matthews Greek Gospel.
    “sow” could therefore be interpreted as “ejaculate “. As jesus is the sower, 
    speirōn σπείρωνI has nothing to do with physical creation. it is more like a transcendental seed that Jesus (the sower) spread and hopefully grows.
    I prefer  therefore to interpret the verb “sow” in the parable as “sharing wisdom”
  • “the greek word for world is “kosmos”).  as the Earth was the Kosmos 2000 years ago I interpret the word “field” as the Earth.
  • As Jesus said, the sower of the good seed is the Son of man. 
  • I interpret “children of the Kingdom” as the “children of God”.
  • owner as God
  • the owners’ labourer as faithul Human beings
  • went to God as went to the Temple inside ourselves
  • collect as “taking care of”
  • tie it in bundles (separate them in groups.)
  • wheat as bearer of good knowledge
  • darnel as bearer of evil knowledge
  • “weed out the darnel” as “punish/isolate the bearer of evil knowledge”
  • my barn as Gods heaven
  • to be burnt as “leave them in their own hell understanding and ffeeling  through divine empathy, the pain they have caused)
  • With my interpretations and changeing the metaphoric words (, sower, seed, fieldm, Kingdom etc ) with the words used by Jesus in the World English Bible (WEB), you get this story:

In the Kingdom of God who created Earth and Human beings,  there is Jesus ( a man) who teached (sowed) good knowledge (seeds) on Earth (in his field)
25 While everybody was asleep the devil came and spread (sowed) evil thoughts all among the children of God, and made off. 
26 When Jesus’ knowledge matured in the disciples mind then Humans bearing evil  knowledge  (the darnel), appeared as well. 
27 Some faithful disciples  of Jesus  (The owner’s labourers ) asked God (owner) in  Gods temple (went to him and said ) “God (Sir), was it not good wisdom (seed) that Jesus shared (sowed) on Earth  (in your field)? If so, where does the evil wisdom (darnel) come from?” 
28 God said to them, “the devil (Some enemy) has done this.” And Jesus’ ‘discpiles (labourers) said, “Do you want us to go and isolate  these bearer of evil knowledge (take these weed it out?)” 
29 But God said, “No, because when you punish the bearer of evil knowledge (weed out the darnel) you may punish the bearer of good knowledge (you might pull up the wheat with it.) 
30 Let them both grow till the End of the world (harvest time) I shall say to the angels (reapers): First take care of (collect) the evil Humans (the darnel) and separate them from the good Humans in groups (tie it in bundles) andleave these in their own hell (to be burnt), then let (gather) the good humans (wheat) live in a Gods Heaven on Earth (my barn.)” 

 

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conclusion

So the Kingdom of Heaven or Kingdom of God is the Spiritual world that is in our minds or Souls. God has its temple in every human being. Jesus gives us the seeds to grow with God and to avoid evil thinking. Jesus tells that we have to live with evil humans until the end of life on Earth or in our Planetary system.

So Jesus advices about loving and forgiving you enemy, Gods will to let  our enemies live, comes into a context with this parable of the sower.

I have however to look closer at the other Kigdom of Heaven parables to see if the “translation” above holds tight.

With my demythologized MAtthew Gospel and this post, I would most probably have made the same end like John Wycliffe, if I lived year 1384. Read more about this man, who translated the Greek and Latin Gospels to English in my post at www.kinberg.net/wordpress/stellan/2019/01/01/translated-gospel-prohibition/

We have fortunenately maybe thanks to John Wycliffe martyrdom, a free press and Internet, the possibility to draw our own conclusions out of Jesus Kerygma and Parables.