Category Archives: kerygma

Jesus Passover and Passion

.

INTRODUCTION

Today in a empty Vatican, Mt 26,14- 27 ,66. in Italian is read. I wont dedicate this post to the whole reading as it is very long.

I normally focus on the kerygma of Jesus. but this time my focus is on what he told the disciples to do before the passover and a few more passages I wrote about in previous posts.

INDEX

.

The text

( N:B. The texts below are copied from www.christianwritingtoday.com/free_downloads/WebNT_CWTedition.pdf )

Mt 26,14- 27 ,66

Passover and Passion

26:2 Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests

26:17 Now on the first day of unleavened bread, the disciples came to Jesus, saying to him, “Where do you want us to prepare for you to eat the Passover?”
26:18 He said, “Go into the city to a certain person, and tell him, ‘The Teacher says, “My time is at hand. I will keep the Passover at your house with my disciples.”’”

they prepared the Passover.

at the table with the twelve disciples.

26:21 As they were eating, he said, “Most certainly I tell you that one of you will betray me.”
26:22 They were exceedingly sorrowful, and each began to ask him, “It isn’t me, is it, Lord?”
26:23 He answered, “He who dipped his hand with me in the dish, the same will betray me.
26:24 The Son of Man goes, even as it is written of him, but woe to that man through whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would be better for that man if he had not been born.”
26:25 Judas, who betrayed him, answered, “It isn’t me, is it, Rabbi?” He said to him, “You said it.”
26:26 As they were eating, Jesus took bread, gave thanks for it, and broke it. He gave to the disciples, and said, “Take, eat; this is my body.”
26:27 He took the cup, gave thanks, and gave to them, saying, “All of you drink it,
26:28 for this is my blood of the new covenant, which is poured out for many for the remission of sins.
26:29 But I tell you that I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on, until that day when I drink it anew with you in my Father’s Kingdom.”

to the Mount of Olives.

26:31 Then Jesus said to them, “All of you will be made to stumble because of me tonight, for it is written, ‘I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.’
26:32 But after I am raised up, I will go before you into gethGalilee.”
26:33 But Peter answered him, “Even if all will be made to stumble because of you, I will never be made to stumble.”
26:34 Jesus said to him, “Most certainly I tell you that tonight, before the rooster crows, you will deny me three times.”
26:35 Peter said to him, “Even if I must die with you, I will not deny you.” All of the disciples also said likewise.
26:36 Then Jesus came with them to a place called Gethsemane, and said to his disciples, “Sit here, while I go there and pray.”
26:37 He took with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to be sorrowful and severely troubled. 26:38 Then he said to them, “My soul is exceedingly sorrowful, even to death. Stay here, and watch with me.”
26:39 He went forward a little, fell on his face, and prayed, saying, “My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass away from me; nevertheless, not what I desire, but what you desire.”
26:40 He came to the disciples, and found them sleeping, and said to Peter, “What, couldn’t you watch with me for one hour?
26:41 Watch and pray, that you don’t enter into temptation. The spirit in deed is willing, but the flesh is weak.”
26:42 Again, a second time he went away, and prayed, saying, “My Father, if this cup can’t pass away from me unless I drink it, your desire be done.”
26:43 He came again and found them sleeping, for their eyes were heavy.
26:44 He left them again, went away, and prayed a third time, saying the same words.
26:45 Then he came to his disciples, and said to them, “Sleep on now, and take your rest. Behold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.
26:46 Arise, let’s be going. Behold, he who betrays me is at hand.”

Judas, one of the twelve, came,

26:50 Jesus said to him, “Friend, why are you here?” Then they came an  laid hands on Jesus, and took him.
26:51Behold, one of those who were with Jesus stretched out his hand, and drew his sword, and struck the servant of the high priest, and struck off his ear.
26:52 Then Jesus said to him, “Put your sword back into its place, for all those who take the sword will die by the sword.
26:53 Or do you think that I couldn’t ask my Father, and he would even now send me more than twelve legions of angels?
26:54 How then would the Scriptures be fulfilled that it must be so?”

26:61 and said, “This man said, ‘I am able to destroy the temple of God, and to build it in three days.’”

26:63 But Jesus held his peace. The high priest answered him, “I adjure you by the living God, that you tell us whether you are the Christ, the Son of God.”
26:64 Jesus said to him, “You have said it. Nevertheless, I tell you, after this you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of Power, and coming on the clouds of the sky.”

as the Lord commanded me.”
27:11 Now Jesus stood before the governor: and the governor asked him, saying, “Are you the King of the Jews?” Jesus said to him, “So you say.”
2

.

The message

About passover

Jesus actually eats a passover meal before he dies,
in John’s gospel he doesn’t. In Matthew, Jesus actually eats a passover meal before he dies. But Matthew makes Jesus be very vague in his instruction to the disciples. We read:

26:18 He said,Go into the city to a certain person, and tell him, ‘The Teacher says, “My time is at hand. I will keep the Passover at your house with my disciples.”’

How could the disciples find the right person in a big city like Jerusalem, with such a instruction?

The author of Matthew who must have read Mark, probably did not believe in the detailed instruction that Mark shares in his Gospel.

Mark 14:12-15 let Jesus be much more detailed:

Mark 14:12-15:
14:12 On the first day of unleavened bread, when they sacrificed the Passover, his disciples asked him, “Where do you want us to go and 
14:13 He sent two of his disciples, and said to them, “Go into the city, and there you will meet a man carrying a pitcher of water. Follow him,
14:14 and wherever he enters in, tell the master of the house, ‘The Teacher says, “Where is the guest room, where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?”’
14:15 He will himself show you a large upper room furnished and ready. Get ready for us there.”

 Luke accepted Marks version and almost copies it:

 Luke 22:10-12
“Behold, when you have entered into the city, a man carrying a pitcher of water will meet you. Follow him into the house which he enters.
22:11 Tell the master of the house, ‘The Teacher says to you, “Where is the guest room, where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?”’
22:12 He will show you a large, furnished upper room. Make preparations there.”

David Instone-Brewer is a research fellow at Tyndale House, a research library in biblical studies located in Cambridge, England.

According to Instone-Brewer “The Synoptics say that the Last Supper was on “the first day of unleavened bread, when they sacrificed the Passover” (Mk. 14:11// Mt. 26:17; Lk. 22:7). The term “first day of unleavened bread” would normally refer to the 15th Nisan, which was the first day on which unleavened bread was not permitted in the house, but it can also refer to the 14th when the unleavened bread was removed from the houses.”  Read more here here

I do not find the date issue so important.

I thought that John did not tell about Jesus Passover as he somehow like Matthew, did not believe in the words shared by Mark and Luke. but I found another explanation in the article

“The Gospel of John –
Embedded in the so called “spiritual gospel” is an architectural hostility toward Judaism.” 

The article in  www.pbs.org  concludes saying that:
“John’s gospel is witness to a Christianity that’s moving farther and father away from Jewish tradition. And in fact it’s seeing Jewish tradition often as actually hostile to the Christian movement.” Read more in  www.pbs.org:

I presume that Mark and Luke are correct about what Jesus said to the disciples.

But in that case, how could Jesus foresee what was going on in Jerusalem? I have talked before about entanglement.

I am quite convinced that Jesus maybe like many prophets were entangled with God. Jesus saw what God could see was going on in Jerusalem.

This is my body and blood

26:26 As they were eating, Jesus took bread, gave thanks for it, and broke it. He gave to the disciples, and said, “Take, eat; this is my body.”
26:27 He took the cup, gave thanks, and gave to them, saying, “All of you drink it,
26:28 for this is my blood of the new covenant, which is poured out for many for the remission of sins.
26:29 But I tell you that I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on, until that day when I drink it a new with you in my Father’s Kingdom.”

This part had led me to believe that the Universe is the body or incarnation of God. I wrote about this 2019 in a separate post.

26:32 But after I am raised up, I will go before you into Galilee.”

this lead to a funny part of the Gospel when Jesus appear suddenly with the disciples who did not recognize him. Read more in this post

6:36 Then Jesus came with them to a place called Gethsemane, and said to his disciples, “Sit here, while I go there and pray.”

Gethsemane, garden across the Kidron Valley on the Mount of Olives (Hebrew Har ha-Zetim), a mile-long ridge paralleling the eastern part of Jerusalem, where Jesus is said to have prayed on the night of his arrest before his Crucifixion. (Source: www.britannica.com )

So they left Jerusalem.

26:38 Then he said to them, “My soul is exceedingly sorrowful, even to death. Stay here, and watch with me.”
26:39 He went forward a little, fell on his face, and prayed, saying, “My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass away from me; nevertheless, not what I desire, but what you desire.”

So who was near him hearing Jesus. Like with the story of the desert, i wonder if Jesus really said this or jesus told his disciples what he asked God for. as…

26:40 He came to the disciples, and found them sleeping,

26:41 Watch and pray, that you don’t enter into temptation. The spirit in deed is willing, but the flesh is weak.”

This is a important kerygma. Watch that you do not enter in temptation. Like moder Suor Mirella said in “Voci dal silenzio”. “We must watch our thoughts.”

26:42 Again, a second time he went away, and prayed, saying, “My Father, if this cup can’t pass away from me unless I drink it, your desire be done.”
26:43 He came again and found them sleeping, for their eyes were heavy.

26:44 He left them again, went away, and prayed a third time, saying the same words.

Again and for the same reason, I am critical to the autenticity of these words as we read 26.43.

26:45 Then he came to his disciples, and said to them, “Sleep on now, and take your rest. Behold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.

Without any time in between….

26:46 Arise, let’s be going. Behold, he who betrays me is at hand.”

26:49 Immediately he came to Jesus, and said, “Hail, Rabbi!” and kissed him.
26:50 Jesus said to him, “Friend, why are you here?” Then they came an laid hands on Jesus, and took him.

This is remarkable. He says to Jude “Friend”. he loves the enemy like he teached. But the question is rethoric as he knows  why.

26:52 Then Jesus said to him, “Put your sword back into its place, for all those who take the sword will die by the sword.
26:53 Or do you think that I couldn’t ask my Father, and he would even now send me more than twelve legions of angels?
26:54 How then would the Scriptures be fulfilled that it must be so?”

The question is “Can we ask our father to send legions of angels” to protect ourselves from sick leaders like Stalin, Mussolini, Hitler and similar?
This is not  message of peace “Asking our father for revenge”  but these words have not been useful for the Church, so I presume these words were really Jesus words.

Jesus is taken to Caiaphas

Jesus is not a bragger

26:64 Jesus said to him, “You have said it. Nevertheless, I tell you, after this you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of Power, and coming on the clouds of the sky.”

Jesus was not the kind of man who bragged like this. And who has been able to write down Jesus answers. Did Peter who was outside the court, allowed to hear this? I do not believe Jesus said this. Jesus did not need to brag. As Jesus later said ” So you say”: 

27:11 Now Jesus stood before the governor: and the governor asked him, saying, “Are you the King of the Jews?” Jesus said to him, “So you say.” and he preferred to be silent (27;14) or if he could go away as he did from the mount Kedumim in Nazareth. Luke 4.29

I talked about “Jesus is not a bragger” in a previous post.

About Peters denial 26:69-26:75

Jesus up to Pontius Pilate 27:2-31

27:13 Then Pilate said to him, “Don’t you hear how many things they testify against you?”

27:14 He gave him no answer, not even one word, so that the governor marveled greatly.

A cross?

27:32 As they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name, and they compelled him to go with them, that he might carry his cross.

As you can read in greek he helped to carry the stauron.  A cross is to heavy to carry for a man. The romans had the condemned nailed to the patibulum, the horizontal beam and then they hanged up the patibulum on the stake that was alreadt fixed in a deep hole. Read more in my previous post about crucifiction.

 

The crucifiction  27:33-47

27:46 About the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, limaa sabachthani?” That is, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”

I dont believe in this translation. God is not a human that needs to forsake or abandon. Read more in my previous post about this.

.

conclusion

The Passover and Passion  story is really a horrible and depressing story. I personally prefer to read what happened after his passion.

But there are a few things/pearls to learn and understand in this story. I tried my best to share my thoughts about these pearls. You may share others with me if you want by writing a comment below.


captcha

20200329 Jesus wept

.

INTRODUCTION

Tomorrow Sunday March 29 we read Gv 11,1-45 (Italian).

I am very skeptical about the many miracles told about in the Gospels. As you maybe know, I prefer to focus on the Kerygma of Jesus.

Only when Jesus himself talk about a miracle I look closer at it. 
He talked about the miracle with Lazarus.

I presume God helped Jesus to get Lazarus body travel back in time to when he still lived. You know that time is relative. God is able to do anything and this was a good time to have Jesus get attention from the miracle hungy people.

But the most remarkable thing in this story, is said that Jesus wept.

Jesus teached and teaches us that weeping, like turning our other cheek and loving our enemy, is not a sign of weakness. We show weakness by bragging, shouting out stupidities and nonsense and seeking revenge.

INDEX

.

The text

Here is Gv 11,1-45 in English
( N:B. The texts below are copied from www.christianwritingtoday.com/free_downloads/WebNT_CWTedition.pdf )

11:1 Now a certain man was sick, Lazarus from Bethany, of the village of Mary and her sister, Martha. It was that Mary who
had anointed the Lord with ointment, and wiped his feet with her hair, whose brother, Lazarus, was sick. The sisters therefore sent to him, saying, “Lord, behold, he for whom you have great affection is sick.”
11:4 But when Jesus heard it, he said, “This sickness is not to death, but for the glory of God, that God’s Son may be glorified by it.” Now Jesus loved Martha, and her sister, and Lazarus. When therefore he
heard that he was sick, he stayed two days in the place where he was. Then after this he said to the disciples, “Let’s go into Judea again.”
11:8 The disciples told him, “Rabbi, the Jews were just trying to stone you, and are you going there again?”
11:9 Jesus answered, “Aren’t there twelve hours of daylight? If a man walks in the day, he doesn’t stumble, because he sees the light of this world. But if a man walks in the night, he stumbles, because the light isn’t in him.” He said these things, and after that, he said to them, “Our friend, Lazarus, has fallen asleep, but I am going so that I may  qwake him out of sleep.”
11:12 The disciples therefore said, “Lord, if he has fallen asleep, he will recover.”
11:13 Now Jesus had spoken of his death, but they thought that he spoke of taking rest in sleep. So Jesus said to them plainly then, “Lazarus is dead. I am glad for your sakes that I was not there, so
that you may believe. Nevertheless, let’s go to him.”
11:16 Thomas therefore, who is called Didymus, said to his fellow disciples, “Let’s go also, that we may die with him.”
11:17 So when Jesus came, he found that he had been in the tomb four days already.
11:18 Now Bethany was near Jerusalem, about fifteen stadia away.  Many of the Jews had joined the women around Martha and Mary, to console them concerning their brother. 11:20Then when Martha
heard that Jesus was coming, she went and met him, but Mary stayed in the house. Therefore Martha said to Jesus, “Lord, if you would have been here, my brother wouldn’t have died. Even now I know that, whatever you ask of God, God will give you.” Jesus said to her, “Your brother will rise again.”
11:24 Martha said to him, “I know that he will rise again in the resurrection at the last day.”
11:25 Jesus said to her, “I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in me will still live, even if he dies. Whoever lives and believes in me will never die. Do you believe this?
11:27 She said to him, “Yes, Lord. I have come to believe that you are the Christ, God’s Son, he who comes into the world.”
11:28 When she had said this, she went away, and called Mary, her sister, secretly, saying, “The Teacher is here, and is calling you.”
11:29 When she heard this, she arose quickly, and went to him. 11:30Now Jesus had not yet come into the village, but was in
the place where Martha met him. Then the Jews who were with her in the house, and were consoling her, when they saw Mary, that she rose up quickly and went out, followed her, saying, “She is going to
the tomb to weep there.” Therefore when Mary came to where Jesus was, and saw him, she fell down at his feet, saying to him, “Lord, if you would have been here, my brother wouldn’t have died.”
11:33 When Jesus therefore saw her weeping, and the Jews weeping who came with her, he groaned in the spirit, and was
troubled, and said, “Where have you laid him?” They told him, “Lord, come and see.” Jesus wept.

11:36 The Jews therefore said, “See how much affection he had for him!” Some of them said, “Couldn’t this man, who opened the eyes of him who was blind, have also kept this man from dying?”
11:38 Jesus therefore, again groaning in himself, came to the tomb. Now it was a cave, and a stone lay against it. Jesus said, “Take away the stone.” Martha, the sister of him who was dead, said to him, “Lord, by this time there is a stench, for he has been dead four days.”
11:40 Jesus said to her, “Didn’t I tell you that if you believed, you would see God’s glory?”
11:41 So they took away the stone from the place where the dead man was lying. Jesus lifted up his eyes, and said, “Father, I thank
you that you listened to me. 11:42I know that you always listen to me, but because of the multitude that stands around I said this, that they may believe that you sent me.” When he had said this, he cried
with a loud voice, “Lazarus, come out!”

11:44 He who was dead came out, bound hand and foot with wrappings, and his face was wrapped around with a cloth.
Jesus said to them, “Free him, and let him go.”
11:45 Therefore many of the Jews, who came to Mary and saw what Jesus did, believed in him. But some of them went away to the Pharisees, and told them the things which Jesus had done. The chief priests therefore and the Pharisees gathered a council, and said,  What are we doing? For this man does many signs. If we leave him alone like this, everyone will believe in him, and the Romans will come and take away both our place and our nation. But a certain one of them, Caiaphas, being high priest that year, said to them, “You know nothing at all, nor do you consider that it is advantageous for us that one man should die for the people, andthat the whole nation not perish.” Now he didn’t say this of himself, but being high priest that year, he prophesied that Jesus would die for the nation, and not for the nation only, but that he might also gather together into one the children of God who are scattered abroad. So from that day forward they took counsel that they might put him to death.

.

The message

I wrote about Lazarus time ago in http://www.kinberg.net/wordpress/stellan/2018/01/24/life-afterlife/#Biocentrism

11:4 But when Jesus heard it, he said, “This sickness is not to death, but for the glory of God, that God’s Son may be glorified by it.” 

od?John is repeating himself here. He wrote about the blind man miracle in John,9,3
‘he was born blind so that the works of God might be revealed in him.

I am in doubt however that Jesus used the words God’s Son talking about himself.

s this a fill out to support to the other Gospel authors story about Jesus getting  his male chromosomes from God?
As I said before in a previous post, Jesus was not a bragger and he didn’t want to offend Jews.  You may remember about Jesus saying “Don’t tell anyone what you have seen” in Matthew 17:9
And after all, aren’t we all, Sons of God?

11:9 Jesus answered, “Aren’t there twelve hours of daylight? If a man walks in the day, he doesn’t stumble, because he sees the light of this world. But if a man walks in the night, he stumbles, because the light isn’t in him.” He said these things, and after that, he said to them, “Our friend, Lazarus, has fallen asleep, but I am going so that I may  wake him out of sleep.”
11:12 The disciples therefore said, “Lord, if he has fallen asleep, he will recover.”
11:13-22 ….

11:23 Jesus said to her, “Your brother will rise again.”

11:25 Jesus said to her, “I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in me will still live, even if he dies. Whoever lives and believes in me will never die. Do you believe this?

Probably again, a fill out, making again Jesus a bragger.

.

11:35  Jesus wept.

Jesus is said to have wept approaching Jerusalem as told by Luke 19:41-45:
19:41 When he drew near, he saw the city and wept over it, saying, …

Curt Harlow talking about the Luke case in this video:

As jesus weeped, so I also think that God weep its own day, looking  at the suffering happening on Earth now,  at the pain of so many humans hit by Corona.

God does not want us to suffer but this is part of the Creation. Humans because of its nature, must suffer to get EQ,  emotional  intelligence.

As said in my introduction,Jesus teached us that weeping, like turning our other cheek and loving our enemy, is not a sign of weakness. We show weakness by bragging, shouting stupidities and nonsense and seeking revenge.

This reminds me about Matthew 27:46 and Mark 15:34 where Jesus cried out the mysterious words “Eloi lama sabachthani” (I prefer the interpretation used by Aramaic Christians “My God, my God,  for this I was spared” instead of the rhetoric question “God, why have your forsaken/spared me?” that was copied from psalm 22:1. Listen to Leslie Hale about this. )
Jesus did not talk there about himself. he did not regard himself to be God.
And most important of all, he did not hide his feelings.

11:38 Jesus therefore, again groaning in himself, came to the tomb. Now it was a cave, and a stone lay against it. Jesus said, “Take away the stone.” 

11:39: Martha, the sister of him who was dead, said to him, “Lord, by this time there is a stench, for he has been dead four days.”
11:40 Jesus said to her, “Didn’t I tell you that if you believed, you would see God’s glory?”

11:41 So they took away the stone from the place where the dead man was lying. Jesus lifted up his eyes, and said, “Father, I thank
you that you listened to me. 11:42 I know that you always listen to me, but because of the multitude that stands around I said this, that they may believe that you sent me.” …

11:45 Therefore many of the Jews, who came to Mary and saw what Jesus did, believed in him.

At that time, like today peoples needed divine interfering to listen carefully bus as we know and see how many are really following Jesus kerygma?

11:46 But some of them went away to the Pharisees, and told them the things which Jesus had done…

I wonder here how the author of John’s Gospel could know about this dialog. Caiaphas is said to have written a report about Jesus but I have not seen any recording of this council dialog.

the pharisees certainly did not share their talking to outsiders.
This part may be a fill out with a nice speculation about the doings and talkings of the priests.

.

conclusion

The text been read tomorrow has made me focus on a different view of Jesus, many forget. Many remember how Jesus got angry in the temple. Everyone knows however that Jesus never wept on the cross except having cried out according to Matthew 27:46, the words “Eloi lama sabachthani”, as I said above. most probably translated wrongly as “God, why have your forsaken me?.

God does not forsake anyone. God maybe weep also seeing what humans has gone and is going through.

Have you ever wept? Do it and you will have a new experience, a experience of relief.

It has been good to meditate over the weeping Jesus and the meaning of and the underlying message of this.

 

 


captcha

20200322 Jesus about the blind man

.

INTRODUCTION

Today at Catholic mass Gv 9,1-41 (it) is read.

As you know I try to not get blinded by the miracles, documented in the Gospels. Jesus kerygma is miracle enough and shows that Jesus was a prophet conceived by the Holy Spirit in the womb of Mary. Look e..g at his commandment “Love your enemy” and “turn the other cheek” that completely revolutionized the thinking of his time that was led by the revenge mantra and animal instinct.

But this miracle story is special. As told by John it sounds like a metaphore about human blindness.

I will in this post try to analize the miracle and message Jesus gave according to John 9,1-41

INDEX

  • introduction
  • The text
  • The message
    • blindness
    • “revealed with him”
    • “the works of God”
    • “revealed in him”
      • blind prophets
      • temple of God
      • Distracted by sight
      • Inner voice
      • meditation
      • Talking with God
      • The blind man – a metaphore
      • Jesus was not the first prophet
      • The value of silence
  • Conclusion

.

The text

Most of the text has focus on the miracle of open the vision of a man born blind. I share here the message of Jesus in this passage:

John,9,1-5; 39-41;  says:

1 As he went along, he saw a man who had been blind from birth.

2 His disciples asked him, ‘Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, that he should have been born blind?’

3 ‘Neither he nor his parents sinned,’ Jesus answered, ‘he was born blind so that the works of God might be revealed in him.

4 ‘As long as day lasts we must carry out the work of the one who sent me; the night will soon be here when no one can work.

5 As long as I am in the world I am the light of the world.’

6-38 The Pharisees talk with the the blind man and his parents about the miracle

39 Jesus said: It is for judgement that I have come into this world, so that those without sight may see and those with sight may become blind.

40 Hearing this, some Pharisees who were present said to him, ‘So we are blind, are we?’

41 Jesus replied: If you were blind, you would not be guilty, but since you say, ‘We can see,’ your guilt remains.

.

The message

 

The story is about a man born blind

Blindeness

I studied and wrote previously about consciousness and neuroscience. let us look at blindness. healthline says:

“Blindness is the inability to see anything, including light. If you’re partially blind, you have limited vision. For example, you may have blurry vision or the inability to distinguish the shapes of objects. Complete blindness means you can’t see at all. …”

Blind people have auditory dreams

Department of Physics
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign writes:

“blind people do dream. What they see in their dreams depends on how much they could ever see. If someone has been totally blind since birth, they only have auditory dreams.”

About  He was born blind so that the works of God might be revealed in (ed. greek: ἐν) him

or “Revealed with him”?

It is to be noted that Jesus said: 
“The works of God might be revealed in him ”
He did not say:
“The works of God might be revealed with him” 

As this phrase is said after Jesus made a blind man see it leads easily to read revealed with him” . This leads to the simplicistic and common interpretation  that there are blind humans so God and Jesus with blind people can show the humans “the works of God.”as the miracles of God and Jesus.

WHO says that “The estimated number of people visually impaired in the world is 285 million, 39 million blind and 246 million having low vision; 65 % of people visually impaired and 82% of all blind are 50 years and older (Table 2)”

It sounds for me absurd that millions of people are to be born blind by God so God can show its power to heal.

the works of God

works  is written in Greek as ἔργα (erga)

erga is seen also in Matthew 23:3 translated as deed
“but do not be guided by what (ed. the work) they do, since they do not practise what they preach.”

So the works of God may also refer to the Creation of God as revealed in the Genesis. But as Genesis was already revealed to Moses, this interpretation should be excluded.

So let us look closer at 

“revealed in him”

So, I wonder what may a blind man get revealed “in him” that seing man isn’t?

Does it says that blind are destined to become prophets to share the messages of God?

Prophets are known to get words revealed

Blind prophets

Despite there are and have been many humans born blind, I found only a few who were regarded as blind prophets:

  1. Ahijah_the_Shilonite is one prophets that was blind according to the book of kings.
  2. Tiresias is another one.
  3. Baba_Vanga is the third I found.

I find that I have to abandon this path. I remenbered then that

We are the temple of God

We have read in the Corinthians 3:16 these interesting words of Paul:

Do you not know that you are a temple of God 
and that the Spirit of God dwells in you?

Some prophets have got messages revealed in dreams. More or less like the woodworker Joseph about the danger for his son.

Being distracted by sight

A blind man is not distracted by vision signals sent from the eyes. Being Born blind they have  no inner vision nor visual dreams but having auditory dreams they may have a inner voice. 

Inner voice

In my experience and what I l read about, we all have a inner voice.

Look at this video about inner voice.

Inner voice may be pathological as it is for some killers.

However with meditation we can train ourselves to not get so distracted by impulses, in this case visual impulses.

The woman in this video says that according to fMRi studies, the auditory cortex is activated if you have a dialog with someone in your mind.

Talking with God

Maybe we can talk with God or anyone you know that has deceased?

The blind man a metaphore of darkness in our mind?

This second interpretation I have met in priest sermons, is more intelligent. It connects to Jesus saying “I am the light of the world.’” but I don’t think that Jesus really said that. He was not a bragger as I wrote about in another post.

As I said in my introduction Jesus has “completely revolutionized the thinking of his time that was led by the revenge mantra and animal instinct.”

Jesus has with his words opened the mind of many, mine too.

But Jesus was not the first prophet to “open our minds”.

Jesus was  preceded by the Zoroastrians Gathas in the Iranian region were the main message and the ethical goals of Zoroastrianism was “good thoughts, good words, good deeds” (See the “Threefold Path of Asha: Humata, Huxta, Huvarshta“) 
Buddhism came before the Zoroastriam ethical goals in India with the Eightfold_Path of Enlightment.

Jesus as it is known in matthew/15-24.htm, was sent only “to the lost sheep of Israel.” a people who seldom had relations with the people in Iran and India and followed their own path of “eye for an eye”.

So like Christian say that Jesus is the light, is not correct for all humans around the world. I would rather say 

Jesus was the light for “the lost sheep of Israel.”

and is still today for the lost humans caught by their animal instincts

I have been helped by the words of Jesus several times, when I ended up in “mind blindness”.

But Buddhist meditation like prayer has also helped me to see light during dark moments of my life.

It is interesting to read hindu Mahatma Gandhi writing that:

(Image source: pastorlesterbentley.com/ )

The value of silence

Elisabeth of trinity has teached us about the value of Silence for this inner dialog.

And as Rumi said

 .

conclusion

As said in my introduction I normally omit all miracle stories to focus on Jesus words, kerygma.

But this miracle is special one.

True or not, as told by the great author of John, this miracle story  is a metaphor about the human kind.

A human kind that has been “blind” since its birth (in Africa) but can see again with the light, a metaphor of the words of prophets, starting with Adam that maybe was incarnated in a human body after his spirit had to leave Eden in Heaven to come down to earth. See my post about this yet indeterminable hypothesis )

We don’t have the words of Adam but of Moses, several other prophets and the last 2000 years, the words of Jesus shared in the Gospels and the words Muhammad heard in the cave above Mecca and then shared in the Quran. We have plenty of light (words) around us.

You understand or are reminded, I am interreligious. I believe that God did not discriminate. God talked to many, to Siddhartha in India who teached us how to live well with our body and mind, to Zoroaster in Iran who shared his Gathas, to Christians with the voice of Jesus shared in  the Gospels and to Muhammad who shared what he heard in the cave over Mecca in the Quran.

Like the pope Francis, said today, we should also become light by sharing the words and of course, being examples of good humans.

This part of the Gospel of John has led me into a nice voyage in my mind, ending up in thinking about my own iinner dialog

He was born blind so that the works of God might be revealed in him

We are all “blind” at birth with a great curiosity. In our inner blindness we want to learn and understand. In our search, we may later find our inner temple and a voice talking to us and guiding us. Our brain is prepared for this dialog. But question is if we are able to listen. 

Find a quiet and peaceful place (may it be in the wood, in a church or on a balcony) where you feel good. Sit down in a comfortable chair and start listen to your inner voice. Ask God and God listen to the answer.

20200315 Jesus and the Samaritan woman

.

INTRODUCTION

Today March 15 is the second Sunday where Italian mus stay home and can not attend Mass at Church, regarded as a  epidemic risc for contagieing others. The Mass is a important for many Italians and especially for those in prisons who know can not have visits from their relatives.

But fortunately, the mass is sent by Rai1 at 11.00 from a empty mass in Rome. I have looked at Rai1 mass for a long time as I for my post stroke mental fatigue sleep badly sometimes and have difficulties to go to mass at 9.00 as it is celebrated here.

Today at Catholic mass Gv 4,5-42 John tells about Jesus encounter with the Samaritan woman that gives a nice example of Jesus respect for a people that was bullied as dogs by the Jews at his time for historical reasons.

I wrote about Jesus and the Samaritans July 2019 in a historical view at www.kinberg.net/wordpress/stellan/2019/07/14/jesus-and-the-samaritans/.

In that post I refered to Luke 10:25-37

 

INDEX

.

The text

John 4,5-45 says:

Jesus comes to Sychar

4:05 So he came to a city of Samaria, called Sychar, near the parcel of ground that Jacob gave to his son, Joseph. Jacob’s well was there. Jesus therefore, being tired from his journey, sat down by the well.

At the well alone, with the Samaritan woman

It was about the sixth hour. A woman of Samaria came to draw water. Jesus said to her, “Give me a drink.” For his disciples had gone away into the city to buy food.

4:09 The Samaritan woman therefore said to him, How is it that you, being a Jew, ask for a drink from me, a Samaritan woman?” 
4:10 Jesus answered her, If you knew the gift of God, and who it is who says to you, ‘Give me a drink,’ you would have asked him, and he would have given you living water.”

04:11 The woman said to him, “Sir, you have nothing to draw with, and the well is deep. From where then have you that living water? Are you greater than our father, Jacob, who gave us the well, and drank of it himself, as did his children, and his livestock?”

The Living water metaphore

04:13 Jesus answered her, “Everyone who drinks of this water will thirst again, but whoever drinks of the water that I will give him will never thirst again; but the water that I will give him will become in him a well of water springing up to eternal life.”
04:15 The woman said to him, “Sir, give me this water, so that I don’t get thirsty, neither come all the way here to draw.”
04:16 Jesus said to her, “Go, call your husband, and come here.”
04:17 The woman answered, I have no husband. Jesus said to her, You said well, ‘I have no husband,’ for you have had five husbands; and he whom you now have is not your husband. This you have said truly.”
04:19 The woman said to him, “Sir, I perceive that you are a prophet. Our fathers worshiped in this mountain, and you Jews say that in Jerusalem is the place where people ought to worship.”
04:21 Jesus said to her,Woman, believe me, the hour comes, when neither in this mountain, nor in Jerusalem, will you worship the Father. You worship that which you don’t know. We worship that which we know; for salvation is from the Jews. But the hour comes, and now is, when the true worshippers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, for the Father seeks such to be his worshippers. God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth.”
04:25 The woman said to him, “I know that Messiah comes,”  “When he has come, he will declare to us all things.”
04:26 Jesus said to her, I am he, the one who speaks to you.
At this, his disciples came. They marveled that he was speaking with a woman; yet no one said, “What are you looking for?” or, “Why do you speak with her?” So the woman left her water pot, and went away into the city, and said to the people, “Come, see a man who told me everything that I did. Can this be the Christ?”

Inhabitants of Sychar comes to Jesus

04:30 They went out of the city, and were coming to him. In the meanwhile, the disciples urged him, saying, “Rabbi, eat.”
04:32 But he said to them, “I have food to eat that you don’t know about.”
04:33 The disciples therefore said one to another, “Has anyone brought him something to eat?”

Jesus food

04:34 Jesus said to them, “My food is to  do the will of him who sent me, and to accomplish his work.  Don’t you say, ‘There are yet four months until the harvest?’ Behold, I tell you, lift up your eyes, and look at the fields, that they are white for harvest already. He who reaps receives wages, and gathers fruit to eternal life; that both he who sows and he who reaps may rejoice together. For in this the saying is true, ‘One sows, and another reaps.’ I sent you to reap that for which you haven’t labored. Others have labored, and you have entered into their labor.”

Jesus staid with The Sychar Samaritans 

04:39 From that city many of the Samaritans believed in him because of the word of the woman, who testified, “He told me everything that I did.” So when the Samaritans came to him, they begged him to stay with them. He stayed there two days. Many more believed because of his word.
04:42 They said to the woman, “Now we believe, not because of your speaking; for we have heard for ourselves, and know that this is indeed the Christ, the Savior of the world.”

.

The message again – text with thoughts

As John 4:1 tells

At the well alone, with the Samaritan woman

It was about the sixth hour. A woman of Samaria came to draw water. Jesus said to her, “Give me a drink.” For his disciples had gone away into the city to buy food.

4:09 The Samaritan woman therefore said to him, How is it that you, being a Jew, ask for a drink from me, a Samaritan woman?” 

Jesus a a stranger for the woman

The woman saw that Jesus was a jew probably because of his appearance but she did not recognize that it was Jesus

The  lonely woman that did not run back to the home.

A that time like today, it was not allowed nor recommendable for a woman to be alone near a stranger.
The woman must have got a good feeling of this Jew (Jesus) as she did not run away but remained starting her work at the well.

The attitude of Jesus

Reading Jesus saying “Give me a drink.”  you may interpret this as being said with severe voice and face expression as a command.

you must be aware that words alone does not say much. John does not share any visual nor sound information.

Because of Jesus emphasizing love and love your enemy,
I presume his voice and face expression was not signaling a severe military order. Nor must he have signaled the Jews view about Samaritans.

So let us go back to the text:

The Living water metaphore

4:10 “If you knew the gift of God, and who it is who says to you, ‘Give me a drink,’ you would have asked him, and he would have given you living water.”

The woman obviously did not understand this stranger, so she answered respectfully with:

4.11 “Sir, you have nothing to draw with, and the well is deep. From where then have you that living water? Are you greater than our father, Jacob, who gave us the well, and drank of it himself, as did his children, and his livestock?”

Jesus answered her about the living water,

4:13 “Everyone who drinks of this water will thirst again, but whoever drinks of the water that I will give him will never thirst again; but the water that I will give him will become in him a well of water springing up to eternal life.”

Obsiously this woman felt respect in Jesus so she said to him:

4:15 “Sir, give me this water, so that I don’t get thirsty, neither come all the way here to draw.”

Now we begin to understand the purposes Jesus had

Jesus tests the woman by saying:

04:16 Go, call your husband, and come here.

As a good practicing Samaritan woman reading the Pentatheuch, the woman did follow the law “Do no lie” like many Jews did not.

04:17 The woman answered, I have no husband.”

So the Samaritans obviously are not the “lost people” as Jesus called them.

Jesus said to her, You said well, ‘I have no husband,’ for you have had five husbands; and he whom you now have, is not your husband. This you have said truly.”

Thisfact may reveal why the Jews regard Samaritans as eretic

04:19 The woman said to him, “Sir, I perceive that you are a prophet. Our fathers worshiped in this mountain, and you Jews say that in Jerusalem is the place where people ought to worship.”

About the Samaritan holy mountain Mount Gerizim

04:21 Jesus said to her,

“Woman, believe me, the hour comes, when neither in this mountain, nor in Jerusalem, will you worship the Father.
You worship that which you don’t know.
We worship that 
which we know; for salvation is from the Jews. (ed. Jesus and his disciples)
But the hour comes, and now is, when the true worshippers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, for the Father seeks such to be his worshippers
. God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth.”

04:25 The woman said to him, “I know that Messiah comes,”  “When he has come, he will declare to us all things.”

04:26 Jesus said to her, “I am he, the one who speaks to you.

At this, his disciples came. They marveled that he was speaking with a woman; yet no one said, “What are you looking for?” or, “Why do you speak with her?”

The Samaritan woman left Jesus to let him talk with his disciples.

So the woman left her water pot, and went away into the city, and said to the people, “Come, see a man who told me everything that I did. Can this be the Christ?”

Inhabitants of Sychar comes to Jesus

04:30 They went out of the city, and were coming to him. In the meanwhile, the disciples urged him, saying, “Rabbi, eat.”

The food metaphore

04:32 But he said to them,

I have food to eat that you don’t know about.”

04:33 The disciples therefore said one to another, “Has anyone brought him something to eat?”

04:34 Jesus said to them,

“My food is to  do the will of him who sent me, and to accomplish his work.  Don’t you say, ‘There are yet four months until the harvest?’ Behold, I tell you, lift up your eyes, and look at the fields, that they are white for harvest already. He who reaps receives wages, and gathers fruit to eternal life; that both he who sows and he who reaps may rejoice together. For in this the saying is true, ‘One sows, and another reaps.’ I sent you to reap that for which you haven’t labored. Others have labored, and you have entered into their labor.”

Jesus stayed with The Sychar Samaritans  

04:39 From that city many of the Samaritans believed in him because of the word of the woman, who testified, “He told me everything that I did.” So when the Samaritans came to him, they begged him to stay with them. He stayed there two days. Many more believed because of his word. They said to the woman, “Now we believe, not because of your speaking; for we have heard for ourselves, and know that this is indeed the Christ, the Savior of the world.”

Jesus said later in Galilee,

“Unless you see signs and wonders,
you will in no way believe.”

The samaritans did not need any miracle to believe in him. His words and kerygma was enough.

.

conclusion

I think that this part of John shares a important part of Jesus Kerygma.

it tells about

  • Jesus respect for women. As shown elsewhere.
  • Jesus’ good relation with the Samaritans
  • Jesus respecting the Samaritans despite being regarded as eretics at his time
  • where you pray (In Jerusalem our on mount Gerezim) that has no importance
  • God as spirit and praying in spirit
  • Jesus message about living water and food.
  • the Samaritans  that did not ask for signs.
  • a Samaritan women that for some reason had  several husbands
  • Ta samaritan women who were allowed to stay near jews men
  • Samaritan men who listened to women.
  • Samaritans becoming Christians.

Matthew 10:5-6 tells that Jesus said:

5 ‘Do not make your way to gentile territory, and do not enter any Samaritan town6 go instead to the lost sheep of the House of Israel.”

Jesus  obviously did order to avoid Samaria  because it was dangerous. I presume that it was because it was a waste of time as he wanted to convert Sinners and the Lost sheep of the House of Israel.” And he regarded the Samaritans to be good people as he referred to when talking about the good samaritan to a lawyer as described by Luke 10:25-37

Why Jew disciples?

I wonder why Jesus choosed Jews as disciples.  I presume it was because he was only  interested in talking with the “lost people of Israel”, the  Jews.

I he have had choosen Samaritan disciples

If he he had choosen Samaritans as disciples, his kerygma would maybe not have had the spreading it had. The Jews were at power in Israel and had a quite good relation with the Romans.

It is a pity because with the Samaritans we would not have had such  discrimination of women around in the world.

For humanity (men) to mature, the women had to suffer until today.

At the end, the Jews still today do not accept Jesus as their Messiah. And that may have contributed to the widespread antisemitism and maybe also to the holocaust.

 

 

 

Kerygma – parable 8: Hell

.

INTRODUCTION

Last Sunday we read uke 16,19-31 (Italian version, See English version below) about Hell. Jesus tells as I see it a parable about Hell in a rather funny way. This parable is easy to understand. But the thought came up in me, is there a Hell really? 

Is Hell like a described it in my conclusion  in a post from March 24?

INDEX

.

A parable

This Luke 16 version is copied from www.catholic.org:

19 ‘There was a rich man who used to dress in purple and fine linen and feast magnificently every day. 20 And at his gate there used to lie a poor man called Lazarus, covered with sores, 21 who longed to fill himself with what fell from the rich man’s table. Even dogs came and licked his sores.

This rich men probably never helped Lazarus.

22 Now it happened that the poor man died and was carried away by the angels into Abraham’s embrace. The rich man also died and was buried. 23 ‘In his torment in Hades he looked up and saw Abraham a long way off with Lazarus in his embrace. 

24 So he cried out, “Father Abraham, pity me and send Lazarus to dip the tip of his finger in water and cool my tongue, for I am in agony in these flames.” 

This is a rather funny but very strong description.

25 Abraham said, “My son, remember that during your life you had your fill of good things, just as Lazarus his fill of bad. Now he is being comforted here while you are in agony. 26 But that is not all: between us and you a great gulf has been fixed, to prevent those who want to cross from our side to yours or from your side to ours.” 

As Lazarus is not allowed to enter Hell the rich man said instead

27  “Father, I beg you then to send Lazarus to my father’s house, 28 since I have five brothers, to give them warning so that they do not come to this place of torment too.” 29 Abraham said, “They have Moses and the prophets, let them listen to them.” 30 The  rich man replied, “Ah no, father Abraham, but if someone comes to them from the dead, they will repent.” 31 Then Abraham said to him, “If they will not listen either to Moses or to the prophets, they will not be convinced even if someone should rise from the dead.”

This part describes the known need of humans to see Miracles to convert.  If dead could show up and talk with humans there would be people maybe changing behaviour. But the Prophets have spoken.

.

The message

 

The message is clear. There is no way open back from life after death.  We should use our ears and listen to the message given to us by the Prophets.

 .

conclusion

I still wonder, is there a Hell with barbecue of humans? I think it is rather a metaphore and a warning for people who can not abandon their behaviour or  see no reason to do good in their lives.

I stick to my description of Hell like I described it in my conclusion  in a post from March 24.

In our life on Earth, doing bad things,  we open  Hell in our next.

But but, we can never be sure.

Kerygma – parable 7 – the unrighteous clever administrator

.

INTRODUCTION

Today we read the parable about the intelligent but dishonest administrator in ( Luke 16:1-13 ) it is about how we administrate our own lives and the life of our community.

I have had some dificulties to understand this parable. What does this parable teach us? The Italian program “A sua immagine” was not able to discuss this. They left this difficult issue to seek safety in a dialog about miracles instead. 

The Liparian priest never read the parable. He read the “short (easy) version (Luke 16:10-13 ), so I did not have to explain it. I wonder why.

NB. The priest in the television mass read however the parable and Pope Franciscus talked about it without explaining it. The dishonest administrator in the parable  is acc ording to him like the many corrupt people we haev today. 

INDEX

.

The parable text

Accoring to Luke 16:01-13 Jesus  said to his disciples:

16:01 “There was a certain rich man who had a manager. An accusation was made to him that this man was wasting his possessions. He called him, and said to him, ‘What is this that I hear about you? Give an accounting of your management, for you can no longer be manager.’  “The manager said within himself, ‘What will I do, seeing that my lord is taking away the management position from me? I don’t have strength to dig.  I am ashamed to beg. I know what I will do, so that when I am removed from management, they may receive me into their houses.’ Calling each one of his lord’s debtors to  Him, he said to the first, ‘How much do you owe to my lord?’ for an agricultural laborer. He said, ‘A hundred batos of oil.’ He said to him, ‘Take your bill, and sit down quickly and write fifty.’ Then he said to another, ‘How much do you owe?’ He said, ‘A hundred cors of wheat.’ He said to him, ‘Take your bill, and write eighty.’
16:08 “His lord commended the dishonest manager because he had done wisely, for the children of this world are, in their own generation, wiser than the children of the light.

jesus explains the parable like this:

16:09 I tell you, make for yourselves friends by means of unrighteous mammon, so that when you fail, they may receive you into the eternal tents.
16:10 He who is faithful in a very little is faithful also in much. He who is dishonest in a very little is also dishonest in much. If therefore you have not been faithful in the unrighteous mammon, who will commit to your trust the true riches? If you have not been faithful in that which is another’s, who will give you that which is your own?   No servant can serve two masters, for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to one, and despise the other. You aren’t able to serve God and mammon .”

.

The message in the Parable

The rich man said to the dishonest administrator “Give an accounting of your management” is interesting as it reminds about Gods willingness to listen to us. God wants us to think about our own behaviour, just like a good teacher wants this from its pupils and students.

The rich man then said “for you can no longer be manager.” makes me think that we must take our responsibility and let someone else do our administration. Leaving our work as manager and administrator can be done only if the parable talks about the administration of a  comunity. That may be the comunity of our church, our work, our classroom or whatever else community of humans.

The administrator shows to be clever. He  found a dishonest solution to secure his future:

Luke 16:04 I know what I will do, so that when I am removed from management, they may receive me into their houses.’

 As the Pope Franciscus said after the Mass celebration in Rome, that teh administrators behaviour is a “example of corruption that is frequent today”. Corrupted people that are not intelligent enough to do a good job, dedicate their time being dishonest instead.

But the problem with this parable comes when Jesus explains the parable like this.  Jesus started his explanation with a very puzzleing answer.

.

The parable explained by Jesus

Luke 16:09 “make for yourselves friends by means of unrighteous mammon”

Does really Jesus invite us to get friends with unrighteous behaviour, by e.g. corrupting people? It sonds like “steal from the rich and give to the poor” like Robin Hood did according to the legend.

Maybe the author William Langlands was inspired by this parable?

( Source : wallazee.global.ssl.fastly.net )

But Jesus said according to Matthew 05:20

unless your righteousness exceeds that of the scribes and Pharisees,  there is no way you will enter into the Kingdom of Heaven.

To be dishonest can not be what Jesus intended to teach us with this parable. But this verse of Matthew 06:19  may give us a clue 

“Don’t lay up treasures for yourselves on the earth, where moth and rust consume, and where thieves break through and steal; but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven.

A friend from Messina read Jesus answer as ““make for yourselves friendship with unrighteous people” like a way of love your enemie. But that has nothing or little to do with the parable. Those borrowers who where in dept with the rich man,  were not necessary unrighteous people beside of not having paid. The administrator made these borrowers unrighteous by asking them to falsify document and pay less.

As the Pope said, the parable may teach us to do something good after our bad behaviour  e.g by making other happy, that is creating “treasures in heaven”. This is valid also if you have been a bad administrator of your own life.

if you have mistreated your own body with e.g. drug abuse, you can once saved, help others to do the same.

.

conclusions

As www.goodnewsarticles.com by David A. DePra  writes,  this parable “is one of the more “puzzling” parables of Jesus. Yet in it is one of the most powerful lessons Jesus ever gave as to God’s purpose for us in this age. It answers the questions, “What is God’s purpose in my life? And what should I be doing to cooperate with Him?”

Back to the question ” Does really Jesus invite us to make friends by unrighteous mammon”  as it is written in Luke 16:09 ?

Th article inwww.goodnewsarticles.com by David A. DePra has the best discussion about this parable but David A. DePra does not discuss the meaning of unrighteous mammon.

looking at the verse in Biblehub 16:9 interlingual (with greek)

I see that unrighteous mammon isi written byLuke with  the Greek μαμωνᾶ τῆς ἀδικίας. The translation of μαμωνᾶ τῆς ἀδικίας  is translated by Bibkehub to “the wealth of unrighteousness”

as blog.adw.org/2013/08/what-does-jesus-mean-by-unrighteous-mammon/ writes

Mammon” is a Hebrew and Aramaic word that has a wider concept than just money. It refers to wealth in general and, even further, to the things of this world on which we rely. 

http blog.adw.org discusses the meaning of Mammon being dishonest or unrighteous. The article has this conclusion, that Jesus invites us:

“that we befriend the poor with our “unrighteous mammon,” that we be generous to others who are less fortunate.”

being still confused, I may come back to this post with updates.

 

 

 

 

Kerygma – parable 4, 5 ,6

.

INTRODUCTION

The last Sunday at the Catholic Mass we read Luke 15:1-32

It is about taking care of the lost one explained by Jesus with three parables, the lost dracchma coin, the lost sheep and son.
I would say that this is  about not leaving anyone out. It is about including everyone, also those making errors. We are humans not Gods.

INDEX

.

The parables

Luke 1:1-32 says:

15:01 Now all the tax collectors and sinners were coming close to him to hear him. The Pharisees and the scribes murmured, saying, “This man welcomes sinners, and eats with them.”

  1. The lost sheep

15:04 He told them this parable. “Which of you men, if you had one hundred sheep, and lost one of them, wouldn’t leave the ninety-nine in the wilderness, and go after the one that was lost, until he found it? When he has found it, he carries it on his shoulders, rejoicing.
15:6 When he comes home, he calls together his friends and his neighbors, saying to them, ‘Rejoice with me, for I have found my sheep which was lost!’ I tell you that even so there will be more joy
in heaven over one sinner who repents, than over ninety-nine righteous people who need no repentance. 

the lost drachma coin

what woman, if she had ten drachma coins, if she lost one drachma coin, wouldn’t light a lamp, sweep the house, and seek diligently until she found it? When she has found it, she calls together her friends and neighbors, saying, ‘Rejoice with me, for I have found the drachma which I had lost.’ Even so, I tell you, there is joy in the presence of the angels of God over  One sinner repenting.”

2. The lost son

15:11 He said, “A certain man had two sons. The younger of them said to his father, ‘Father, give me my share of your property.’ He divided his livelihood between them. Not many days after, the younger son gathered all of this together and traveled into a far country. There he wasted his property with riotous living. When he had spent all of it,  there arose a severe famine in that and he began to be in need. He went and joined himself to one of the citizens of that country, and he sent him into his fields to feed pigs. He wanted to fill his belly with the husks that the pigs ate, but no one gave him any. But when he came to himself he said, ‘How many hired
servants of my father’s have bread enough to spare, and I’m dying with hunger! I will get up and go to my father, and will tell him, “Father, I have sinned against Heaven, and in your sight. I am no
more worthy to be called your son. Make me as one of your hired servants.”’
15:20 “He arose, and came to his father. But while he was still far off, his father saw him, and was moved with compassion, and ran, and fell on his neck, and kissed him. The son said to him, ‘Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in your sight. I am no longer worthy to be
called your son.’
15:22 “But the father said to his servants, A drachma coin was worth about 2 days wages ‘Bring out the best robe, and put it on him. Put a ring on his hand, and shoes on his feet. Bring the fattened calf, kill it,
15:24and let us eat, and celebrate; for this, my son, was dead, and is alive again. He was lost, and is found.’ They began to celebrate.
15:25 “Now his elder son was in the field. As he came near to the house, he heard music and dancing. He called one of the servants to him, and asked what was going on. He said to him, ‘Your brother has come, and your fatherhas killed the fattened calf, because he has received him back safe and healthy.’
15:28 But he was angry, and would not go in. Therefore his father came out, And begged him. But he answered his father, ‘Behold, these many years I have served you, and I never disobeyed
a commandment of yours, but you never gave me a goat, that I might celebrate with my friends. But when this, your son, came, who has devoured your living with prostitutes, you killed the fattened calf for
him.’ “He said to him, ‘Son, you are always with me, and all that is mine is Yours. But it was appropriate to celebrate and be glad, for this, your brother, was dead, and is alive again. He was lost,
and is found.’

.

The message

 

As i said in the introduction  the parables are  about including everyone, also those making errors. We are humans learning by doing (often mistakes). We are not perfect.

it is about including everyone or loving each other like God loves us.

Learn from the past

The Roman empire grew thanks to inclusion. It did not last forever because of other reasons. Djenghis Kahn’s family became so powerful because of inclusion. They welcomed Buddhists and had them as advisors. They welcomed Chinese that teached them to produce and use canons. They had Muslims in the army and gave tthem time to pray. (Source: Con Iggulden)

Engage our immigrants.

Some political leaders like Trump and the Italian Salvini have not learned from history and think that by closing  borders they solve issues. They don’t understand the value of immigration on long term. Many Africans that migrate to Europe may become  very important for the European export industry. They know the African languages, they know the African  culture, the African customs.

They can help making commerce with Africa as for sure Africa, like China and India will also sooner or later grow into a huge export market. Africa has a lot of solar energy, fossile resources as well as minerals. Not forgetting about their djungles, with a great biodiversity with a genetic richdom for the farmaceutical industri.

.

conclusion

The message of Jesus in these Parables are examples of inclusion, tollerance and love, Examples that are most useful today, two thousand years later.

Kerygma – parable 3 – to be humble

  1. .

INTRODUCTION

 

Just a little time after the fall of Salvini  and more recenly the desperate prayers of di Maio to remain deputy, we read today at Mass  a good lesson that they probably have never read.

di Maio should read Luke 14:8 that give this good advice of Jesus:

“When you are invited by anyone to a marriage feast, don’t sit in the best seat, since perhaps someone more honorable or a bit more than a bushel han you might be invited by him, and he who invited both of you would come and tell you, ‘Make room for this person.’ Then you would begin, with shame, to take the lowest place. “

To not stay deputy, would be a humiliation Maio said a few days ago.

“For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled”

INDEX

.

The parable

Luke 14:08-11 says: “When you are invited by anyone to a marriage feast, don’t sit in the best seat, since perhaps someone more honorable or a bit more than a bushel han you might be invited by him, and he who invited both of you would come and tell you, ‘Make room for this person.’ Then you would begin, with shame, to take the lowest place. But when you are invited, go and sit in the lowest place, so that when he who invited you comes, he may tell you, ‘Friend, move up higher.’ Then you will be honored in the presence of all who sit at the table with you. For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, and whoever humbles himself will be exalted.”

.

The message

Jesus obviously talked about our next life when he said. “For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled” or even worse.  Jesus tells according to  Luke 16:19  ” about the rich man that asks to  “send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue! For I am in anguish in this flame.’

The same message could be sent to politcians like Salvini and di Maio. Maybe Salvini will have to ask to send a immigrant todo this…

.

conclusion

It is a pity the church does not have the courage and never or seldom touch hot issues like referring to example of people of today.

“Those who have ears to hear with, listen.”

Some politicians need to use their ears and maybe also, read and understand.

Jesus were angry about this kind of people.

About the hypocrites, Jesus said according to Luke 6:46

Why do you call me, Lord, Lord,’ and don’t do the things which I say?

Luke 06:39: “Can the blind guide the blind?

Obviously not.

 

The Gospel kerygma

.

Introduction

I have published Matthew’s gospelLukeMarc and John demytrhologized. You find these under Theology – Christinity – Gospel

I talk in this post about this work and why I have done it.

My demythologized Gospels are tools  for me and  those who want to listen to Jesus words and as Jesus said “build a house on the rock” (Lk 06:47). 

An evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign,
and there will be no sign given to it, 
except the sign of the prophet Jonah.”
(Mt 16:4)

Jesus wanted us to listen and not  to make miracles. My demythologized Gospels are tools  for those who want to read Jesus words and build a house on the rocks (Lk 06:47).  As(Lk 8:6) says:

He who has ears to hear, let him hear!” 

and Lk 8:21 says :

“My mother and my brothers are these who
hear the 
word of God and do it.”

Index

.

background

“Unless you see signs and wonders,
you will in no way believe.” (Jn 4:48)

An evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign,
and there will be no sign given to it, 
except the sign of the prophet Jonah.”
(Mt 16:4)

These sentences of Jesus tells what he thought about signs and miracles. These sentences made me wonder if Jesus really did all those  miracles the Gospel authors write about. If the sign of the prophet Jonah will be given to a evil generation, did he do the  other miracles to a good (faithful generation? This seems absurd.

As Jesus himself talked about some of his miracles Because of this and the impact he had around the mediterranean, I have no doubt that he made some miracles to attract attention and respect, a little bit like Moses. I explain more about this below.

Fantasies and myth?

Uta Ranke-Heineman in “Nein und Amen”  says that  the most part  of the miracles were fantasies and myths, written to raise Jesus authority and status.  I wrote  some time ago a post about the miracles of Jesus where I shared my opinion about these. 
Working with that post I became  inspired by  Rudolf Bultman and his Demythologization concept. He wanted to get the story of Jesus  more acceptable by a generation like ours, that knows more about math, chemistry, physics and biology.
I myself were focused to to get the  teaching of Jesus more visible without the many distracting miracle stories. 

The necessity of supernatural phenomena for prophets

Moses said to  God “‘But suppose they will not believe me or listen to  my words, and say to me, “Yahweh has not appeared to you”?’ Exodus 4:1  At these times and probably also 2000 years ago, people required supernatural phenomena to believe that Prophets where sent by God. 

Miracle stories still important today?

A friend of mine thought that the miracle stories are still important for many Christians today.  Very few Christians are able to follow Jesus commandments (turn your left cheek, love your enemy and forgive 7*70 times) and how many do really understand his parable.? It looks for me that many Christians maybe think that it is enough to believe in these miracle stories to be a good Christian. you dont have to follow his commands. The  Apostle’s creed mentions “Son of the  the Virgin Mary, miracle ” but there is no  “I follow Jesus commandments of love”. Only in the prayer of the Father your say “I forgive…”  It looks really that many, like  Jesus said using Isaiahs words people : honor me with their lips; but their heart is far from me. Can you hate your neighbour and practice  revenge  and still be regarded a  Christian?  

I decided  to make a version of the Gospels were almost only Jesus words are added, something like  the Gospel of Thomas.
 https://en.wikipedia.org/

The  Gospel  of Thomas is to difficult to read as Jesus sentences are totally out of context.  I decided therefore to leave some information about where and why he spoke.

Removing the story of Jesus birth and first year and some  miracle stories I get emphasy on Jesus’ dialogs and  teaching.

In my demythologized gospels, I left some stories  where Jesus himself talked about these. Look e.g.  at   the miracle of the blind man, the deceised Lazarus and about  the man with a withered hand (Lk), the last one, that was integral part of a dialog about Sabbath. If he talked about a miracle, that miracle must indeed have been made.
Jesus wanted us to listen and not  to make miracles.

Why demythologization?

I choosed to describe  my gospel editions with Bultmanns word “demythologized” as the word most visualize my purpose of the work, to make the Gospels readable tools for those who want to study Jesus kerygma not distracting with  “supernatural” stories.

Read more about Demythologization at www.oxfordbiblicalstudies.com or look at this video.

The Gospel demythologized a tool to study Jesus kerygma

  • All words my Jesus are in bold.
  • I  search in the page with CTRL-F and find myself helped with the kerygma index below that gives link to all the gospels.
  • I hope my work may become useful for you too.

.

Method

Finding clean versions of the Gospels online

I needed to have the Gospels offline as my Internet was slow and Gospels online like e.g.  the ones on www.catholic.org or www. biblehub.com are  polluted with publicity and menu options.  It was difficult to find  the Gospels in cleaned pdf format.  The whole Bible that I dfound in pdf format  was far to heavy for my old computer.

I finally found the new testament from   www.christianwritingtoday.com  that I could download and have  on my local hd in my pdf map.The Texts I have in my demythologized gospels were  taken from “The World English Bible (WEB)”. One may ask, are the Gospels still copyrighted? as the site sepcifies that   “The World English Bible (WEB) is not copyrighted.  

Editing the Gospels

When the Gospel author  tells about a miracle or a story that may be a myth, I add a subtitle about it, leave the verse numbers and remove the texts about it.

Exceptions

I have done exceptions

  • with the miracles that are integral parts of Jesus reaching like the one made on a Sabbath
  • the ones Jesus himself mentions.

I invite you to focus on Jesus’ words but I leave  miracle  verse numbers  if you can not resist or you want to read these for you childrens. 🙂

.

kerygma Index

index of speeches and parables in the Gospels 
(referrals to Marc are in green, Matthew in Lila, John in blue, Luke in orange)

Gospels about the Mosaic law

Parables

Parables about the Kingdom of Heaven

Gospel speeches and dialogs

About the End of the Age 

.

Conclusions

After my work with Luke

Like Mark, John uses the word Kingdom of God instead of Matthews  (ed Peters as Mark probably wrote with help of Peter) kingdom of Heaven. Jesus talked about the Kingdom of God together with Nicodemus saying “unless one is born of water and spirit, he can’t enter into the Kingdom of God“. This seemingly contraddicts Jesus  parable desciption of the Kingdom of Heaven in Matthew where the Earth may be the Kingdom of Heaven.   If not the Kingdom of Heaven is to be intended as a Kingdom after the Resurrection day.

I consider more and more miracles that Jesus talked about. The apostles would probably not put words in Jesus that are not his. Maybe the words may not be 100% accurate as Talmidins may not remember every detail. 

I will continue …

to work with these Gospels, updating the kerygma index and writing other post like posts about Jesus parables.

 

Bildresultat för if you are not astonished by quantum mechanics then you have not understood it.

Inspired by  Nils Bohr’s saying about Quantum mechanics, I conclude this page with:

“if you are not astonished by the words of Jesus,
then you have not understood Jesus.”

 

 

Kerygma – parable 2

.

INTRODUCTION

I have so far followed the Catholic Mass readings  in my posts.
I have demythologized Matthews Gospel to get out the pearls from the confusing dust of Miracles. The pearls I find most interesting are the parables explaining the “Kingdom of Heaven” as Matthew use to call Lukes “Kingdom of God”.

Look for “Kingdom of Heaven” (ctrl-F) in my Matthew Gospel page. www.kinberg.net/wordpress/stellan/matthew-demythologized/

You find in my edited Gospel of Matthew,that Jesus gave us a puzzle with these six parables that should explain what the Kingdome of God is:

Jesus explained the man and enemy sowers in 13:37

I have now decided to follow my own transcendental track trying to understand what the Kingdom of God is.  I decided to start from the parable of the sower that jesus explained. 

INDEX

.

A parable

In my demythologized Matthew gospel I used“The World English Bible (WEB)”. distributed by www.ChristianWritingToday.com  Here is the version from https://www.catholic.org 
the differences are minimal . but some words in the Catholic version are very  difficult to understand.  The greek υἱοὶ (sons)  is translated to subject instead of  childrens).  Look at the interlingual Matthew 13:38 in biblehub.com/interlinear/matthew/13-38.htm )

24 He put another parable before them, ‘The kingdom of Heaven 
may be compared to a man who sowed good seed in his field
25 While everybody was asleep his enemy came, sowed darnel all among the wheat, and made off. 
26 When the new wheat sprouted and ripened, then the darnel appeared as well. 
27 The owner’s labourers went to him and said, “Sir, was it not good seed that you sowed in your field? If so, where does the darnel come from?” 
28 He said to them, “Some enemy has done this.” And the labourers said, “Do you want us to go and weed it out?” 
29 But he said, “No, because when you weed out the darnel you might pull up the wheat with it.
30 Let them both grow till the harvest; and at harvest time I shall say to the reapers: First collect the darnel and tie it in bundles to be burnt, then gather the wheat into my barn.” ‘ 
31 He put another parable before them, ‘The kingdom of Heaven is like a mustard seed which a man took and sowed in his field. 

The message

Jesus explains this parable in Matthew 13:37 like this:

37 ‘The sower of the good seed is the Son of man. 
38 The field is the world;
the good seed is the subjects of the kingdom (WEB: children of the Kingdom);
the darnel, the subjects of the Evil One (WEB: children of the evil one)
39 the enemy who sowed it, the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; the reapers are the angels.
40 Well then, just as the darnel is gathered up and burnt in the fire, so it will be at the end of time. 
41 The Son of man will send his angels and they will gather out of his kingdom all causes of falling and all who do evil,
42 and throw them into the blazing furnace, where there will be weeping and grinding of teeth.
43 Then the upright will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Anyone who has ears should listen!

Jesus does nto explain who The owner’s labourers are.

I interpret that the owner is God but the labourer are faithul Human beings 

.

The parable translated

Jesus does not explain all the words he used in his sower parable.

I have these parable word interpretations

  • The verb “sow” in greek is speirōn σπείρωνI which is has its corresponding word of seed that in greek is sperma
    σπέρμα (look at Matthew interlingual §13:37 )
     2000 years ago humans believed that the sperma  of men was enough to get a child. They did not know about the female ovuli. This fact  explains the use of the verb  speirōn  in Matthews Greek Gospel.
    “sow” could therefore be interpreted as “ejaculate “. As jesus is the sower, 
    speirōn σπείρωνI has nothing to do with physical creation. it is more like a transcendental seed that Jesus (the sower) spread and hopefully grows.
    I prefer  therefore to interpret the verb “sow” in the parable as “sharing wisdom”
  • “the greek word for world is “kosmos”).  as the Earth was the Kosmos 2000 years ago I interpret the word “field” as the Earth.
  • As Jesus said, the sower of the good seed is the Son of man. 
  • I interpret “children of the Kingdom” as the “children of God”.
  • owner as God
  • the owners’ labourer as faithul Human beings
  • went to God as went to the Temple inside ourselves
  • collect as “taking care of”
  • tie it in bundles (separate them in groups.)
  • wheat as bearer of good knowledge
  • darnel as bearer of evil knowledge
  • “weed out the darnel” as “punish/isolate the bearer of evil knowledge”
  • my barn as Gods heaven
  • to be burnt as “leave them in their own hell understanding and ffeeling  through divine empathy, the pain they have caused)
  • With my interpretations and changeing the metaphoric words (, sower, seed, fieldm, Kingdom etc ) with the words used by Jesus in the World English Bible (WEB), you get this story:

In the Kingdom of God who created Earth and Human beings,  there is Jesus ( a man) who teached (sowed) good knowledge (seeds) on Earth (in his field)
25 While everybody was asleep the devil came and spread (sowed) evil thoughts all among the children of God, and made off. 
26 When Jesus’ knowledge matured in the disciples mind then Humans bearing evil  knowledge  (the darnel), appeared as well. 
27 Some faithful disciples  of Jesus  (The owner’s labourers ) asked God (owner) in  Gods temple (went to him and said ) “God (Sir), was it not good wisdom (seed) that Jesus shared (sowed) on Earth  (in your field)? If so, where does the evil wisdom (darnel) come from?” 
28 God said to them, “the devil (Some enemy) has done this.” And Jesus’ ‘discpiles (labourers) said, “Do you want us to go and isolate  these bearer of evil knowledge (take these weed it out?)” 
29 But God said, “No, because when you punish the bearer of evil knowledge (weed out the darnel) you may punish the bearer of good knowledge (you might pull up the wheat with it.) 
30 Let them both grow till the End of the world (harvest time) I shall say to the angels (reapers): First take care of (collect) the evil Humans (the darnel) and separate them from the good Humans in groups (tie it in bundles) andleave these in their own hell (to be burnt), then let (gather) the good humans (wheat) live in a Gods Heaven on Earth (my barn.)” 

 

.

conclusion

So the Kingdom of Heaven or Kingdom of God is the Spiritual world that is in our minds or Souls. God has its temple in every human being. Jesus gives us the seeds to grow with God and to avoid evil thinking. Jesus tells that we have to live with evil humans until the end of life on Earth or in our Planetary system.

So Jesus advices about loving and forgiving you enemy, Gods will to let  our enemies live, comes into a context with this parable of the sower.

I have however to look closer at the other Kigdom of Heaven parables to see if the “translation” above holds tight.

With my demythologized MAtthew Gospel and this post, I would most probably have made the same end like John Wycliffe, if I lived year 1384. Read more about this man, who translated the Greek and Latin Gospels to English in my post at www.kinberg.net/wordpress/stellan/2019/01/01/translated-gospel-prohibition/

We have fortunenately maybe thanks to John Wycliffe martyrdom, a free press and Internet, the possibility to draw our own conclusions out of Jesus Kerygma and Parables.