Category Archives: Jesus

Omega – an unexpected end.

.

INTRODUCTION

Tomorrow Sunday, November 22  Mt 25,31-46 is read. It’s about our end. My conclusion is based on the reading of Jesus kerygma, the Buddhist Pale Canon, and Eben Alexanders NDE. Read more in my post at http://www.kinberg.net/wordpress/stellan/2018/01/24/life-afterlife/  and in http://www.kinberg.net/wordpress/stellan/2020/11/04/9390/

INDEX

.

The text

( N:B. The texts below are copied from www.christianwritingtoday.com/free_downloads/WebNT_CWTedition.pdf )

Mt 25,31-46 says:

“25:31 “But when the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then he will sit on the throne of his glory.
25:32 Before him all the nations will be gathered, and he will separate them one from another, as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats.
25:33 He will set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the left.
25:34 Then the King will tell those on his right hand, ‘Come, blessed of my Father, inherit the Kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world;
25:35 for I was hungry, and you gave me food to eat. I was thirsty, and you gave me to drink. I was a stranger, and you took me in.
25:36 I was naked, and you clothed me. I was sick, and you visited me. I was in prison, and you came to me.’
25:37 “Then the righteous will answer him, saying, ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry, and feed you; or thirsty, and give you a drink?
25:38 When did we see you as a stranger, and take you in; or naked, and clothe you?
25:39 When did we see you sick, or in prison, and come to you?’
25:40 “The King will answer them, ‘Most certainly I tell you, in as much as you did it to one of the least of these my brothers, you did it to me.’
25:41 Then he will say also to those on the left hand, ‘Depart from me, you cursed, into the eternal fire which is prepared for the devil and his angels;
25:42 for I was hungry, and you didn’t give me food to eat; I was thirsty, and you gave me no drink;
25:43 I was a stranger, and you didn’t take me in; naked, and you didn’t clothe me; sick, and in prison, and you didn’t visit me.’
25:44 “Then they will also answer, saying, ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry, or thirsty, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and didn’t help you?’
25:45 “Then he will answer them, saying, ‘Most certainly I tell you, inasmuch as you didn’t do it to one of the least of these, you didn’t do it to me.’ 25:46 These will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life.”

.

The message

25:40 “The King will answer them, ‘Most certainly I tell you, in as much as you did it to one of the least of these my brothers, you did it to me.’

This reminds me of what is said in the Buddhist Pale Kanon. The lord of the deads, Yamas,  asks the newcomer what he did during his earthly time. Read more about this  in http://www.kinberg.net/wordpress/stellan/2018/01/24/life-afterlife/#Buddhism-afterlife 

The Pope interpreted today’s message at his Angelus. Here is the Angelus on my channel with transcript activated. Load the translate extension in your browser, select “open transcript”  and select “translate page” in your extension.

today we celebrate the solemnity of our lord Jesus christ king of the universe with which we close the liturgical year. 
it is the great parable in which the mystery of Christ unfolds throughout the liturgical year.
 
He is the alpha and the omega, the fulfillment of the story. The liturgy year focuses on omega, that is, on the final goal. 
 
The sense of history is understood keeping in front of the eyes its culmination, the end, and also the end. And that’s what it is  
 Matthew says in this Sunday’s Gospel, placing Jesus’ discourse on universal judgment to the epilogue of his earthly life.
 He whom men are about to condemn is, in reality, the supreme judge in his death and resurrection
Jesus will show himself the lord of history, the king of the Universe, the judge of all.
 
But the Christian paradox is that the judge does not have a fearful royalty but is a shepherd full of meekness and mercy.
In fact, in this parable of the final judgment, Jesus uses the image of the shepherds. 
He takes the picture from prophet Ezekiel who spoke of God’s intervention in favor of the people against the bad shepherds of Israel.
These have been cruel, exploiters preferring themselves rather than the flock.  
Therefore God himself promises to personally take care of his flock by defending it from injustices and abuses. This promise of God for his people has come true fully in Jesus Christ, the shepherd. 
He himself is the good shepherd, he said about himself “I am a good shepherd”. In today’s Gospel passage, Jesus not only identifies himself  
with the king, a  shepherd but also with the little lost ones we could speak of a double identity, the king shepherd, and also Jesus is the sheep that is with the smallest and most needy brothers.
He identifies himself and thus indicates the criterion of judgment. It will be close on the basis of concrete love given or denied  to these people because he himself, the judge is present in each of them and he urges him and  
I am a man but he too and the poor are hidden and always in the person of the poor whom he explains which he mentions right there. 
Jesus says “in truth, I tell you everything you have done or not you did it to only one of these little brothers of mine, you did it or you didn’t to me.
“We will be judged on love, the judgment will be on love not on feeling. No, we will be judged on the works, on the compassion that is the closeness of thoughtful help.
“Do I get closer to Jesus present in the person of the sick, the poor, and the suffering, the prisoners,  of those who hunger and thirst for justice? Do  I approach Jesus’ presence?
This is the
question today. So the lord at the end of the world will review his flock and he will do it not only on the side of the shepherd but also on the side of the sheep with which he identified himself. And he will ask us “have you been a little shepherd like me?” “Have you been the shepherd of me who was present with these people who were in need or were you indifferent? “.
 
Brothers and sisters,  let’s beware of the logic of indifference, what comes to mind immediately, look elsewhere when we see a problem. 
Let us recall the parable of the good Samaritan. 
That poor man, wounded by brigands, thrown to the ground, being between life and death. He was there alone and there passed a priest, that saw and went away. He looked away. He passed the Levite and looked away. In front of my brothers and sisters in need, am I as indifferent as this priest, this levitate and look away? 
I will be judged on how I  approached, on how I looked.
Jesus present in the needy, this is the logic and I am not seeing it  
Jesus said: ” in as much as you did it to one of the least of these, my brothers, you did it to me. Jesus teaches us this logic…
 

.

conclusion

I believe that “How you prepare your bed in this life, you will sleep in your next”

I believe that we don’t have to wait until the come back of Jesus. Things will happen when we die as Eben Alexander and many others in  NDE have experienced. Read my post at http://www.kinberg.net/wordpress/stellan/2020/11/04/9390/ 

We will probably have a “deja vu” when we die. As Jesus and Buddhists say, we will be  judged. But as Jesus said, that judgment won’t be a “You now go to Hell!!!”.
God is all understanding. God understands our bodily weakness. The animal brain we have inherited.
I presume that God will say  after the review of your life:

“Without your body, you don’t have anymore the possibility to tap your ears, close your eyes and ignore. your soul can not ignore the voice of your victims. You will here met your victims and strongly feel the pains you created on earth. I am sorry but you have been warned. You have created your own hell, a hell you will live with until you are forgotten by your victims.”.


captcha

About using our brain, body and potentials.

.

INTRODUCTION

Today Sunday 15 November  Mt 25,14-30 is read. It’s about a man “who called his own servants, and entrusted his goods to them” and the “wicked and slothful servant.”

INDEX

.

The text

( N:B. The texts below are copied from www.christianwritingtoday.com/free_downloads/WebNT_CWTedition.pdf )

Mt 25,14-30 says: 

25:14 “For it is like a man, going into another country, who called his own servants, and entrusted his goods to them.
25:15 To one he gave five talents, to another two, to another one; to each according to his own ability. Then he went on his journey. 25:16 Immediately he who received the five talents went and traded with them, and made another five talents.
25:17 In the same way, he also who got the two gained another two.
25:18But he who received the one went away and dug in the earth, and hid his lord’s money.
25:19 “Now after a long time the lord of those servants came, and reconciled accounts with them.
25:20 He who received the five talents came and brought another five talents, saying, ‘Lord, you delivered to me five talents. Behold, I have gained another five talents besides them.’

25:21 “His lord said to him, ‘Well done, good and faithful servant. You have been faithful over a few things, I will set you over many things. Enter into the joy of your lord.’
25:22 “He also who got the two talents came and said, ‘Lord, you delivered to me two talents. Behold, I have gained another two talents besides them.’
25:23 “His lord said to him, ‘Well done, good and faithful servant. You have been faithful over a few things, I will set you over many things. Enter into the joy of your lord.’
25:24 “He also who had received the one talent came and said, ‘Lord, I knew you that you are a hard man, reaping where you did not sow, and gathering where you did not scatter.
25:25 I was afraid, and went away and hid your talent in the earth. Behold, you have what is yours.’
25:26 “But his lord answered him, ‘You wicked and slothful servant. You knew that I reap where I didn’t sow, and gather where I didn’t scatter.
25:27 You ought therefore to have deposited my money with the bankers, and at my coming I should have received back my own with interest.
25:28 Take away therefore the talent from him, and give it to him who has the ten talents.
25:29 For to everyone who has will be given, and he will have abundance, but from him who doesn’t have, even that which he has will be taken away.
25:30 Throw out the unprofitable servant into the outer darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.’

.

The message

What would you do? 
I would act according to the context. in a society without security, full of crimiinality and abuse i would maybe do like the “wicked and slothful servant”

Lachiesa writes:

I talenti possono significare le capacità naturali, i doni e i carismi ricevuti dallo Spirito Santo, ma anche il Vangelo, la rivelazione

“Talents can mean natural abilities, gifts and charisms received from the Holy Spirit, but also the Gospel, revelation”

 

.

conclusion

 


captcha

The 10 young girls and the bridgeroom

.

INTRODUCTION

Today, Sunday November 8 Mt 25,1-13 is read. It’s about the  Kingdom of Heaven parable of the 10 young girls (translated as virgins).

INDEX

.

The text

( N:B. The texts below are copied from www.christianwritingtoday.com/free_downloads/WebNT_CWTedition.pdf )

25:1 “Then the Kingdom of Heaven will be like ten virgins, who took their lamps, and went out to meet the bridegroom.
25:2 Five of them were foolish, and five were wise.
25:3 Those who were foolish, when they took their lamps, took no oil with them,
25:4 but the wise took oil in their vessels with their lamps.
25:5 Now while the bridegroom delayed, they all slumbered and slept.
25:6 But at midnight there was a cry, ‘Behold! The bridegroom is coming! Come out to meet him!’
25:7 Then all those virgins arose and trimmed their lamps.
25:8 The foolish said to the wise, ‘Give us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.’
25:9 But the wise answered, saying, ‘What if there isn’t enough for us and you? You go rather to those who sell, and buy for yourselves.’
25:10 While they went away to buy, the bridegroom came, and those who were ready went in with him to the marriage feast, and the door was shut.
25:11 Afterward the other virgins also came, saying, ‘Lord, Lord, open to us.’
25:12 But he answered, ‘Most certainly I tell you, I don’t know you.’
25:13 Watch therefore, for you don’t know the day nor the hour in which the Son of Man is coming.

.

The message

http://www.lachiesa.it/calendario/Detailed/20201108.shtml Writes:

In fact, this is about the return of Christ and everything is summed up in the last words: “Watch, therefore, because you know neither the day nor the hour”, that is: “Be ready for Christ’s arrival”. Thus the parable of the virgins could begin with this sentence: “For the kingdom of heaven it will happen as for the ten virgins who went out with their lamps to meet the bridegroom.” In the eyes of Jesus, the one who watches is wise, that is, the one who always thinks, in his soul, of the day of the Lord’s return and the hour of his own death, who lives every day in friendship with God, in sanctifying grace, and who he immediately gets up if, due to weakness, he falls. Then “stay awake”, because no one, except God, knows the day and the hour.”.

.

conclusion

I have nothing to add today.


captcha

NDE experiences

.

INTRODUCTION

I read this book. it is really an amazing story of coma paranormal experiences. But I do not like his use of “God”, “Creator”, “Heaven” and more words as these evokes for me, annoying associations due to old diety perceptions and creation stories (e.g. Genesis). He relates to old learned dogmas maybe to please Christian readers as he said in his second book (“The map of heaven”). He criticizes in this second book Scientific materialistic dogmas as well as religious dogmas.

I would have preferred him to rely on more neutral Buddhist or Zoroastrian definitions.

I also do not like the title of his book “Proof of Heaven.” I am used to this kind of sentences by clerksmen and  Jehovah’s witnesses but not from a man with scientific education. “Signs of Heaven”  would be a more reliable title. 

His books share a new good sign of what several religions have mentioned before, a spiritual life after death.

I have shared what I know about this issue in previous posts.

Alexander like Dr. Kubler Ross years ago, has led me into a paradigm shift, having me to question if we ever can get a understanding of  NDE with traditional neurological research. I also have to:

INDEX

Alexander Eben’s NDE experience.

I really recommend his two books. Alexander Eben shares In this video a short introduction. Read the transcript below.

TRANSCRIPT

“Well, it was November 10, 2008, a Monday morning, and I woke up about 4:30, which was an hour earlier than I normally would. I got out of bed and felt an intense pain in my lower back. And of course, I was also at that time starting to slip into unconsciousness because if I had been more alert, as a physician with severe back pain, severe headache, I would have immediately thought of meningitis.
But I was too far gone to be thinking anything. My first awareness deep inside of coma was one in which I had no words, I had no language. I did not remember anything about my life on earth. I knew nothing of humans, nothing of earth or this universe. Meningitis had completely wiped out any notions of my human identity or existence. And then it was as if there was a summer breeze, a perfect summer wind blowing through. And even though the whole scene remained the same, my awareness of it changed completely, and I was out in this void of infinite, infinite coal-black but with an orb of light and with that warm divine presence. But the message was, “You are not here to stay.” “We will teach you many things. But you’ll be going back.” You’d think that I would know already just about everything there was to know about consciousness being an active neurosurgeon. And I lived totally by science and what science had to say about reality. I thought at best maybe I had an Einsteinian view that there might be some powerful creative god but not one who had enough time to worry about me. And of course my near-death experience changed that entirely.   So much of what I saw on my journey showed me how primitive our science is and our human understanding and that in fact, it will never be able to weigh in one way or the other on the existence of that divine creative being, and yet by fully understanding the meaning of unconditional love and the intensity and the personal nature of that deity is that divine spark within each and every one of us.”

.

The soul and consiousness

I wrote a separate article about the soul in 

I have no doubt there is a “soul” and maybe also “Spirit” in Humans. Maybe these exists also in other creatures like Jainism and Hinduism believes.

But I wonder how a soul becomes part of the body. Did we inherit the soul of Adam who was cast of our Paradise in Heaven as the Quran tells? That would however contraddict Jainist and Hindu believes that thinks that also other creatures have a soul.

My cats have feelings but maybe not the soul that we humans have.

With my scientific approach, I can’t avoid thinking about us being somehow entangled in our brain religious center according to neurotheological studies.

Alexander talks a lot about consciousness in his second book “Map of Heaven”, among others about the dependence of consciousness and quantum particle behavior.  

.

What if

it was doctor Mengele, the “Angel of death”, the one to have a NDE experience?

Alexander Eben met Betsy in his NDE and noone else. Alexander seemed according to his own biographical writing, to be a good man who has never done something really bad.

Would Dr Mengele have had the same experience of love? I doubt that.

Maybe he would instead receive compassion for the hell he will experience not being able to close eyes and ears (organs that are muted during NDE).

( “weighing the souls of the dead” by Anubis. Source: https://quatr.us  )

According to Egyptian,   Zoroastrian and Buddhistbelieve, Humans will get their souls:

I these believes reveals the truth, the soul that will continue its life after death, won’t have a filtering brain, ears nor eyes that can be closed.  If EQ was near zero on earth, considering understanding and feelings levels, EQ will be much higher. Alexander also told in his book about a higher understanding.

As a hindu said

.

Afterlife believes

Alexander Eben’s books had me to reread an partly (again) update a post from 2018 where I wrote about Life and afterlife.

 

.

conclusion

I had myself paranormal experiences. when I were young. And I have also studied neurology as well as the experiences of Dr Ross several years ago.

.

 

  • Sources

 


captcha

 

About love

.

INTRODUCTION

Today, Sunday, October 25, Mt 22,34-40 is read. It is about the main commandment.

INDEX

.

The text

( N:B. The texts below are copied from www.christianwritingtoday.com/free_downloads/WebNT_CWTedition.pdf )

Mt 22,34-40 says:

22:34 But the Pharisees, when they heard that he had silenced the Sadducees, gathered themselves together.
22:35 One of them, a lawyer, asked him a question, testing him.
22:36 “Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the law?”
22:37 Jesus said to him, “‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.’
22:38 This is the first and great commandment.
22:39 A second likewise is this, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’
22:40 The whole law and the prophets depend on these two commandments.” 

.

The message

22:36 “Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the law?”
22:37 Jesus said to him, “‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.’
22:38 This is the first and great commandment.
22:39 A second likewise is this, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’

Today I prefer to paste in the interpretation of the pope at today’s angelus.

 

.

conclusion

 


captcha

Our two duties

.

INTRODUCTION

Sunday, October 10 Mt 22,15-21 was read.

INDEX

.

The text

( N:B. The texts below are copied from www.christianwritingtoday.com/free_downloads/WebNT_CWTedition.pdf )

 

.

The message

The interpretation of pope Francis. 

“Jesus places himself above the controversy itself. On the one hand, recognizes that the tribute to Caesar must also be paid.  But above all we must remember that each person carries another image the heart, the image of God and therefore it is to him and to him alone that each is indebted for his own assistance. 
 In this sentence of Jesus, one finds not only the criterion of the distinction between the sphere of politics and the religious sphere but clear guidelines emerge for the mission of believers. 
For us as citizens, paying taxes is a duty  as well as the compliance  of the just laws of the state. At the same time, it is necessary to affirm the primacy of God in human life, and in history respecting God’s right to what belongs to him.
 
Hence the mission of the church and Christians to speak of  God and witness it to men and women of their time…
it is a question of engaging with humility and at the same time courageously carrying  their contribution to building the civilization of love where justice reigns …” 
 

.

conclusion

 


captcha

Accept the gift of Jesus and God.

.

INTRODUCTION

Tomorrow Sunday 23 August Mt 22,1-14 is read.

INDEX

.

The text

( N:B. The texts below are copied from www.christianwritingtoday.com/free_downloads/WebNT_CWTedition.pdf )

Mt 22,1-14 says:

22:1 Jesus answered and spoke again in parables to them, saying,
22:2 “The Kingdom of Heaven is like a certain king, who made a marriage feast for his son,
22:3 and sent out his servants to call those who were invited to the marriage feast, but they would not come.
22:4 Again he sent out other servants, saying, ‘Tell those who are invited, “Behold, I have prepared my dinner. My cattle and my fatlings are killed, and all things are ready. Come to the marriage feast!”’
++
22:7 When the king heard that, he was angry, and sent his armies, destroyed those murderers, and burned their city.
22:8 “Then he said to his servants, ‘The wedding is ready, but those who were invited weren’t worthy.
22:9 Go therefore to the intersections of the highways, and as many as you may find, invite to the marriage feast.’
22:10 Those servants went out into the highways, and gathered together as many as they found, both bad and good. The wedding was filled with guests.
22:11 But when the king came in to see the guests, he saw there a man who didn’t have on wedding clothing,
22:12 and he said to him, ‘Friend, how did you come in here not wearing wedding clothing?’ He was speechless.
22:13 Then the king said to the servants, ‘Bind him hand and foot, take him away, and throw him into the outer darkness; there is where the weeping and grinding of teeth will be.’
22:14 For many are called, but few chosen.”

.

The message

22:3 and sent out his servants to call those who were invited to the marriage feast, but they would not come.

What is the” marriage feast”? For me it is like going to mass. Attending mass is like going to a marriage with Jesus Kerygma. it makes me feel happy and well.

22:4 Again he sent out other servants, saying, ‘Tell those who are invited, “Behold, I have prepared my dinner. My cattle and my fatlings are killed, and all things are ready. Come to the marriage feast!”’

The servants are for me  the prophets that came before Jesus as well as John the Baptist,servants who few listened to.

22:10 Those servants went out into the highways, and gathered together as many as they found, both bad and good. The wedding was filled with guests.

As pope Francis said in his Angelus (see below) all were invited.

22:11 But when the king came in to see the guests, he saw there a man who didn’t have on wedding clothing,

Pope Francis interpret this as a gift given to all when they entered the marriage feast. this man did not accept that gift so he was” thrown out  into the outer darkness”

Maybe that gift is the kerygma of Jesus.

Listen or read the transcript of the interpretation of  the pope Francis

.

conclusion

It is not enough to come the marriage. You must also accept the gift of Jesus, that is for me,his teaching.


captcha

Ancient history of our best friends

written by Maurizio Bettini and translated by me to English.
 
there was a discussion on whether or not animals possessed some form of “rationality “.
 
the Stoic philosophers
The Stoic philosophers were hostile to the idea that animals were endowed with reason; and consequently, they did not accept the principle that men and beasts could be bound together by any form. The gaze of the Stoics was so centered on man, the only being endowed with the gift of reason, that their humanism ended up transforming itself into a form of animal racism, or rather of “speciesism”. As Cicero said, “there is no legal relationship between men and beasts. In an excellent way, Chrysippus affirmed… that men can use animals for their own benefit without committing any injustice ».
 In short, according to the Stoics, animals existed exclusively for the benefit of men. Chrysippus, the successor of Cleantes at the head of the Stoic school said: “the Gods gave the soul to the pig like salt, so its flesh did not rot. “
 
the defenders of animals
On the opposite side were the defenders of animals, in particular Plutarch and Porphyry. Their ideas derived in part from those of Theophrastus, the disciple and successor of Aristotle, but mixed with mystical conceptions of the Orphic or Pythagorean type. What were their positions? 
Basically these: animals are endowed with reason, and to varying degrees also with language; between men and animals there is a form of “kinship” – therefore the distance that separates them is not at all abysmal, as the Stoics claimed – while the typically human virtue of philanthropy,, must push us to use “justice” also in their comparisons. But what of the Jewish thinkers?
 
Jewish thinkers
 In the Bible they found the explicit affirmation of the inferiority of animals. “Let us make man in our image and likeness” says the God of Genesis “and dominate over the fish of the sea and the birds of the sky, over livestock, over all wild beasts and over all reptiles that crawl on the earth.” Consequently, those who wanted to keep faith with the sacred text certainly could not recognize the “rights” to beings that God himself had placed at the service of men. 
 
In a dialogue entitled “On animals”, Philo, a great commentator of the Bible, entrusts the character of Alexander with the task of representing the ideas of those philosophers who also wanted to recognize the faculty of reason to these beings. The interlocutor, therefore, argues that birds not only chirp melodiously but even articulate “words”, in short, they possess a form of language. 
However, Filone is not of this opinion. At most, he counters, birds can be said to emit “sounds”, in the manner of musical instruments. He concludes in this way: «let us, therefore, stop criticizing nature and commit sacrilege. Raising animals to the level of men and thus guaranteeing equality to those who are not equal, constitutes the worst of injustices ». “injustice” is committed not when the “rights” of animals are denied, but when they are affirmed.
 
Augustine
As regards Christian thought, if we take Augustine as his representative, the situation is quite disheartening. It would be enough to recall that passage in which, to answer those who considered the suffering of childbirth common also to animals, he affirmed: “the animals have not told you if their moan [at the moment of birth] is a song or a lament … Who can he know if the motions and sounds that animals manifest on this occasion – they who are mute, and therefore cannot reveal what is happening inside them – not only do not express pain, but even some form of pleasure? ‘ Augustine here intended to oppose those thinkers who recognized animals, if not the ability to communicate rational contents, at least that of expressing their emotions or passions. The poet Lucretius, for example, had been one of them. But the bishop of Hippo was unwilling to concede even this. In any case, anyone who has seen at least their cat gives birth will easily be able to judge Augustine’s insensitivity on this ground.
 
rhetorician from Palestrina named Eliano
Tto stand out for originality is a rhetorician from Palestrina named Eliano. He fervently advocated the thesis that animals had virtues such as wisdom, patience, temperance, and in short, he was absolutely certain that they had intellectual and moral qualities not only equal to, but even superior to, those of men. He did so as a rhetorician, recalling mythical paradigms to which animals, with their skills and virtues, could be assimilated: for example, the female seabird would have equaled Alcestis in conjugal devotion (who gave his life in exchange for that of his husband Admetus) and Evadne (who wanted to die on the same stake on which her husband Capaneo burned); not to mention the care with which animals would shy away from incest, which Oedipus notoriously failed; and so on. In particular, Eliano also tried to demonstrate that the sounds emitted by his darlings could have a real linguistic value, that is, that they were instruments of communication. In fact, he wrote: «Nature has endowed animals with an immense variety of voices and languages, just as it did with men. The Scythian in fact speaks differently from the Indian, the speaking of the Greeks is different from that of the Romans. This is also the case with animals, in which each emits the tone and the sound that is most natural for its own language: one in fact roars, the other lower, of one it is the neigh, of the other the braying; the other still bleating or doing “meh!” … ». The reasoning is sophistical, of course, because Eliano does not bother to argue about what – already in Aristotle’s opinion – constitutes the fundamental difference between human and animal sound emissions: the former is equipped with “articulation”, that is, they are structured in words capable of organizing themselves into discourse; the voices of animals, on the other hand, do not enjoy this possibility. But Eliano still allows himself to be appreciated for his generous disposition towards our (unfortunate) life companions on the planet.

The wineyard, the farmers and the servants.

.

INTRODUCTION

Tomorrow Sunday, October 4 Mt 21,33-43 is read. It is about the parable of the farmers who leased a vineyard and then “took his servants, beat one, killed another, and stoned another.”.

This parable takes some time for me, to interpret. So  I hope to conclude this post tomorrow after having listened to the Angelus of the Pope.

INDEX

.

The text

( N:B. The texts below are copied from www.christianwritingtoday.com/free_downloads/WebNT_CWTedition.pdf )

Matthew 21:33-3 says:

21:33 “Hear another parable. There was a man who was a master of a household, who planted a vineyard, set a hedge about it, dug a winepress in it, built a tower, leased it out to farmers, and went into another country
. 21:34 When the season for the fruit drew near, he sent his servants to the farmers, to receive his fruit.
21:35 The farmers took his servants, beat one, killed another, and stoned another.
21:36 Again, he sent other servants more than the first: and they treated them the same way.
21:37 But afterward he sent to them his son, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’
21:38 But the farmers, when they saw the son, said among themselves, ‘This is the heir. Come, let’s kill him, and seize his inheritance.’
21:39 So they took him, and threw him out of the vineyard, and killed him.
21:40 When therefore the lord of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those farmers?”
21:41 They told him, “He will miserably destroy those miserable men, and will lease out the vineyard to other farmers, who will give him the fruit in its season.”
21:42 Jesus said to them, “Did you never read in the Scriptures, ‘The stone which the builders rejected, the same was made the head of the corner. This was from the Lord. It is marvelous in our eyes?’
21:43“ Therefore I tell you, the Kingdom of God will be taken away from you and will be given to a nation bringing forth its fruit.
21:44 He who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces, but on whomever, it will fall, it will scatter him as dust.”

Lachiesa.it shares this introduction to the parable:

The parable of the murderous tenants is of such realism that we could consider it as a theology of history.
Murder is the apogee of continuous infidelity, which naturally hides ingratitude. It is the history of humanity and that of every man, with our limitations, our injustices, our avarice, our ambitions. We often react this way to the good we receive from our fellow men. We often act like this in the face of God’s goodness.
We are bad administrators, who begin by committing the grave mistake of believing ourselves masters of the kingdom and the least power disturbs us, even that of God, absolute but not a ruler. We are not in the place we should occupy, and we would like to forbid entry to the kingdom to those who want to enter it. God’s attitude differs completely from ours. He loves us the same way; but he does not tolerate that his children do not eat the bread that he offers them and that, moreover, they persist in preventing others from eating it. We are wrong in everything. And just when we feel more secure, we will be deprived of our gifts, because we do not have, even if we believe it, any exclusivity.”

 

.

The message

21:33 “Hear another parable. There was a man who was a master of a household, who planted a vineyard, set a hedge about it, dug a winepress in it, built a tower, leased it out to farmers, and went into another country

This is maybe a parable about God who created all things and then went to another exoplanet. God does not show up now and then for reasons we do not know.

As pope Francis explained in the Angelus October, the wineyard represents the choosen people that were to be taken care of.

. 21:34 When the season for the fruit drew near, he sent his servants to the farmers, to receive his fruit.
21:35 The farmers took his servants, beat one, killed another, and stoned another.

The servants are the prophets that God sent out to collect the fruits of its “vineyard”.

21:37 But afterward he sent to them his son, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’
21:38 But the farmers, when they saw the son, said among themselves, ‘This is the heir. Come, let’s kill him, and seize his inheritance.’

This sounds to be about Jesus. But then Jesus explains:

21:42 Jesus said to them, “Did you never read in the Scriptures, ‘The stone which the builders rejected, the same was made the head of the corner. This was from the Lord. It is marvelous in our eyes?

It sounds to be about Peter.

21:43“ Therefore I tell you, the Kingdom of God will be taken away from you and will be given to a nation bringing forth its fruit.
21:44 He who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces, but on whomever, it will fall, it will scatter him as dust.”

The interpretation of pope Francis.

  1. The owner of the vineyard is God
  2. The vineyard represents the chosen people of Israel
  3. The servants sent by the master are the prophets
  4. the son  it is the figure of Jesus

Here is the description of the pope Francis at the Angelus in Rome October 4. See below the transcript translation.

TRANSCRIPT TRANSLATION:

00:54 good morning in today’s gospel Jesus
01:03 foreseeing his passion and death
01:07 tells the parable of the winemakers
01:11 murderers to admonish the leaders of the
01:15 priests and elders of the people who
01:19 they are about to take a wrong turn
01:23 these, in fact, have evil intentions
01:27 towards him and seek the
01:31 way to eliminate him
01:36 the allegorical tale describes a
01:38 master who after having taken great care of the
01:42 his vineyard having to leave the line to 
01:46 farmers. Then at harvest time
01:50 he sent servants to collect the fruits but
01:55 those winemakers welcomed the servants
01:59 with sticks 
02:01 and some were even killed.
02:05  The master sent out more servants
02:08 but they received the same treatment
02:12 the limit is reached when the master
02:16 decides to send his son.
02:19 The winemakers (farmers) have no respect for it.
02:23 They think that by eliminating the son, they will be able 
02:29 to take over the vineyard too.
02:33 The image of the vineyard is
02:40 clear. It represents the people God
02:43 has chosen and taken care of with
02:46 so much love.
02:49 The servants sent by the master are the
02:53 prophets sent by god while the son
02:58 it is the figure of Jesus. How they were rejected
03:03  so also the christ was rejected and killed

.

conclusion

Verse 21:34 that says “When the season for the fruit drew near, he sent his servants to the farmers, to receive his fruit.”

reminds me about a verse in the Quran 57:25 that says: 
“We have already sent Our messengers with clear evidence and sent down with them the Scripture and the balance that the people may maintain [their affairs] in justice.” 

http://corpus.quran.com/translation.jsp?chapter=36&verse=14 

When We sent to them two but they denied them, so We strengthened them with a third,”


captcha

A true Christian does not only talk

.

INTRODUCTION

Tomorrow Sunday 26 Mt 21,28-32another parable is read in the Catholic church.

We read the parable of two sons of a vineyard owner. It is about being true Christians who not only attend mass but also follow Jesus’ commandments. Many don’t as it is so difficult.

I have collected links to all parable in my kerygma index page.

INDEX

.

The text

( N:B. The texts below are copied from www.christianwritingtoday.com/free_downloads/WebNT_CWTedition.pdf )

One has to read 21:23 to understand who Jesus is talking to in todays reading.

21:23 When he had come into the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the people came to him as he was teaching,

So Jesus was talking with the temple priests and elders.

Matthew 21:28-32 says:

21:28 But what do you think? A man had two sons, and he came to the first, and said, ‘Son, go work today in my vineyard.’
21:29 He answered, ‘I will not,’ but afterward he changed his mind, and went.
21:30 He came to the second, and said the same thing. He answered, ‘I go, sir,’ but he didn’t go.
21:31 Which of the two did the will of his father?” They said to him, “The first.” Jesus said to them, “Most certainly I tell you that the tax collectors and the prostitutes are entering into the Kingdom of God before you.
21:32 For John came to you in the way of righteousness, and you didn’t believe him, but the tax collectors and the prostitutes believed him. When you saw it, you didn’t even repent afterward, that you might believe him.

.

The message

21:30 He came to the second, and said the same thing. He answered, ‘I go, sir,’ but he didn’t go.

It is like the one who says the creed in Church but then does not follow Jesus’ Commandments.

www.lachiesa.it/calendario/Detailed/20200927.shtml shares an interesting conclusion: 

The parable makes us understand how real the danger is for us too of participating, with apparent docility, throughout our life, in liturgical celebrations and in the activities of the Church, without ever becoming true Christians.

I love to listen to the pope Francis Angelus. I share a copy with the transcript activated in my channel so deaf and people who do not understand Italian. can understand his message.

.

conclusion

I have another parable today, I think. However, I am happy with my interpretation. Jesus’ teaching is astonishing.

John 14:15 If you love Me, you will keep My commandments. If all Christians would do that…


captcha