Category Archives: Religion

Kerygma – parable 2

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INTRODUCTION

I have so far followed the Catholic Mass readings  in my posts.
I have demythologized Matthews Gospel to get out the pearls from the confusing dust of Miracles. The pearls I find most interesting are the parables explaining the “Kingdom of Heaven” as Matthew use to call Lukes “Kingdom of God”.

Look for “Kingdom of Heaven” (ctrl-F) in my Matthew Gospel page. www.kinberg.net/wordpress/stellan/matthew-demythologized/

You find in my edited Gospel of Matthew,that Jesus gave us a puzzle with these six parables that should explain what the Kingdome of God is:

Jesus explained the man and enemy sowers in 13:37

I have now decided to follow my own transcendental track trying to understand what the Kingdom of God is.  I decided to start from the parable of the sower that jesus explained. 

INDEX

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A parable

In my demythologized Matthew gospel I used“The World English Bible (WEB)”. distributed by www.ChristianWritingToday.com  Here is the version from https://www.catholic.org 
the differences are minimal . but some words in the Catholic version are very  difficult to understand.  The greek υἱοὶ (sons)  is translated to subject instead of  childrens).  Look at the interlingual Matthew 13:38 in biblehub.com/interlinear/matthew/13-38.htm )

24 He put another parable before them, ‘The kingdom of Heaven 
may be compared to a man who sowed good seed in his field
25 While everybody was asleep his enemy came, sowed darnel all among the wheat, and made off. 
26 When the new wheat sprouted and ripened, then the darnel appeared as well. 
27 The owner’s labourers went to him and said, “Sir, was it not good seed that you sowed in your field? If so, where does the darnel come from?” 
28 He said to them, “Some enemy has done this.” And the labourers said, “Do you want us to go and weed it out?” 
29 But he said, “No, because when you weed out the darnel you might pull up the wheat with it.
30 Let them both grow till the harvest; and at harvest time I shall say to the reapers: First collect the darnel and tie it in bundles to be burnt, then gather the wheat into my barn.” ‘ 
31 He put another parable before them, ‘The kingdom of Heaven is like a mustard seed which a man took and sowed in his field. 

The message

Jesus explains this parable in Matthew 13:37 like this:

37 ‘The sower of the good seed is the Son of man. 
38 The field is the world;
the good seed is the subjects of the kingdom (WEB: children of the Kingdom);
the darnel, the subjects of the Evil One (WEB: children of the evil one)
39 the enemy who sowed it, the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; the reapers are the angels.
40 Well then, just as the darnel is gathered up and burnt in the fire, so it will be at the end of time. 
41 The Son of man will send his angels and they will gather out of his kingdom all causes of falling and all who do evil,
42 and throw them into the blazing furnace, where there will be weeping and grinding of teeth.
43 Then the upright will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Anyone who has ears should listen!

Jesus does nto explain who The owner’s labourers are.

I interpret that the owner is God but the labourer are faithul Human beings 

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The parable translated

Jesus does not explain all the words he used in his sower parable.

I have these parable word interpretations

  • The verb “sow” in greek is speirōn σπείρωνI which is has its corresponding word of seed that in greek is sperma
    σπέρμα (look at Matthew interlingual §13:37 )
     2000 years ago humans believed that the sperma  of men was enough to get a child. They did not know about the female ovuli. This fact  explains the use of the verb  speirōn  in Matthews Greek Gospel.
    “sow” could therefore be interpreted as “ejaculate “. As jesus is the sower, 
    speirōn σπείρωνI has nothing to do with physical creation. it is more like a transcendental seed that Jesus (the sower) spread and hopefully grows.
    I prefer  therefore to interpret the verb “sow” in the parable as “sharing wisdom”
  • “the greek word for world is “kosmos”).  as the Earth was the Kosmos 2000 years ago I interpret the word “field” as the Earth.
  • As Jesus said, the sower of the good seed is the Son of man. 
  • I interpret “children of the Kingdom” as the “children of God”.
  • owner as God
  • the owners’ labourer as faithul Human beings
  • went to God as went to the Temple inside ourselves
  • collect as “taking care of”
  • tie it in bundles (separate them in groups.)
  • wheat as bearer of good knowledge
  • darnel as bearer of evil knowledge
  • “weed out the darnel” as “punish/isolate the bearer of evil knowledge”
  • my barn as Gods heaven
  • to be burnt as “leave them in their own hell understanding and ffeeling  through divine empathy, the pain they have caused)
  • With my interpretations and changeing the metaphoric words (, sower, seed, fieldm, Kingdom etc ) with the words used by Jesus in the World English Bible (WEB), you get this story:

In the Kingdom of God who created Earth and Human beings,  there is Jesus ( a man) who teached (sowed) good knowledge (seeds) on Earth (in his field)
25 While everybody was asleep the devil came and spread (sowed) evil thoughts all among the children of God, and made off. 
26 When Jesus’ knowledge matured in the disciples mind then Humans bearing evil  knowledge  (the darnel), appeared as well. 
27 Some faithful disciples  of Jesus  (The owner’s labourers ) asked God (owner) in  Gods temple (went to him and said ) “God (Sir), was it not good wisdom (seed) that Jesus shared (sowed) on Earth  (in your field)? If so, where does the evil wisdom (darnel) come from?” 
28 God said to them, “the devil (Some enemy) has done this.” And Jesus’ ‘discpiles (labourers) said, “Do you want us to go and isolate  these bearer of evil knowledge (take these weed it out?)” 
29 But God said, “No, because when you punish the bearer of evil knowledge (weed out the darnel) you may punish the bearer of good knowledge (you might pull up the wheat with it.) 
30 Let them both grow till the End of the world (harvest time) I shall say to the angels (reapers): First take care of (collect) the evil Humans (the darnel) and separate them from the good Humans in groups (tie it in bundles) andleave these in their own hell (to be burnt), then let (gather) the good humans (wheat) live in a Gods Heaven on Earth (my barn.)” 

 

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conclusion

So the Kingdom of Heaven or Kingdom of God is the Spiritual world that is in our minds or Souls. God has its temple in every human being. Jesus gives us the seeds to grow with God and to avoid evil thinking. Jesus tells that we have to live with evil humans until the end of life on Earth or in our Planetary system.

So Jesus advices about loving and forgiving you enemy, Gods will to let  our enemies live, comes into a context with this parable of the sower.

I have however to look closer at the other Kigdom of Heaven parables to see if the “translation” above holds tight.

With my demythologized MAtthew Gospel and this post, I would most probably have made the same end like John Wycliffe, if I lived year 1384. Read more about this man, who translated the Greek and Latin Gospels to English in my post at www.kinberg.net/wordpress/stellan/2019/01/01/translated-gospel-prohibition/

We have fortunenately maybe thanks to John Wycliffe martyrdom, a free press and Internet, the possibility to draw our own conclusions out of Jesus Kerygma and Parables.

Jesus kerygma Parable 1

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INTRODUCTION

From now on I will focus on Jesus teaching, starting with the Parables that are documented in more than one Gospel.This post is dedicated to the parable of the lamp, that is to be read in Mark 4:21-25 and Matthew 5:14-16

INDEX

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The Parable of the lamp

  • texts in red that differs between the Gospels.
  • texts in green that are the same in both Gospels.
according to Mark 4:21-25 according to Matthew 5:14-16
21 He also said to them, ‘Is a lamp brought in to be put under a tub or under the bed? Surely to be put on the lamp-stand? 22 For there is nothing hidden, but it must be disclosed, nothing kept secret 
except to be brought to light. 23 Anyone who has ears for listening should listen!’ 24 He also said to them, ‘Take notice of what you are hearing. The standard you use will  be used for you — and you will receive ore besides; 
25 anyone who has, will be given more; anyone who has not, will be deprived even of what he has.'”
14 You are light for the world.
A city built on a hill-top cannot be hidden. 15 No one lights a lamp to put it under a tub; they put it on the lamp-stand where it shines for everyone in the house. 
16 In the same way your light must shine in people’s sight, so that, seeing your good works, they may give praise to your Father in heaven. 

Matthew does not mention any incitation to listen like Mark, before him did. It looks however like Matthew  meditated over Jesus “Take notice of what you are hearing.”  and Matthew added maybe  his own good  interpretations “You are light for the world.” and “your light must shine in people’s sight,” probably referring to the apostles Matthew tells about listening later in Matthew 11: 15. According to him, Jesus said 15 “Anyone who has ears should listen!” after  Jesus talked about John the Baptist and Eliah to come.

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The message in the Parable

The light metaphore

Jesus talked about light  What is light a metaphore for,  according to Jesus? 
Most probably the light Jesus  talked about, was his own teaching. His teaching gives us light to find the right path in our lives.  

Whose light 

But Jesus was a very humble man. I presume he did not think that only  his own teaching was light, worth listening to.  He himself as a good Jew, read the old scriptures.

As every good teacher, he wanted the disciples to listen to him. And he wanted them to share the light. he gave.

Jesus gave us a lot of good advices, many of these in the wondeful Sermon of the mount ( Matthew 5-7 ).

I thnk he wanted to say that people should open their eyes to any kind of light not only his.

Light a metaphore for any wisdom

Beside of Jesus teaching, Light may also be  any wisdom or knowledge  that like Jesus wisdom,  enlighten and is useful for others. I find in this Parable a message that we must share  what we learn, know and see.

What “light” to share

But what we share must not be in violation of Jesus’ instructions “love your next, neighbor and enemy”. We shall think about what we share. A knowledge or wisdom may also hurt.

Jesus . “Who is my mother?”, “love me more than your mother” and “let the dead bury their own dead” (Mt 8:22) were not something nice to listen to. But the message behind these seemingly disrespecful sentences are to  be understood. We shall not be false, lying nor be hypocrite.

Isaiah’s light

Matthew 4:16 asserts that Isaiah’s vision is fulfilled in Jesus and says of his life: “the people living in darkness have seen a great light; on those living in the land of the shadow of death a light has dawned.” (Light as life) 

About light read more in www.jesusdust.com

What is to listen

I like the answer in www.gotquestions.org/he-who-has-ears-to-hear.html

there is a difference between having ears and having “ears to hear.” Jesus’ parable of the sower and the seed contrasts types of hearers: those who let the Word of God pass straight through their ears and those who truly listen and seek understanding (Mark 4:13–20). Some hear the Word, yet they do not allow it to take root because the seduction of worldly pleasures and comfort overcomes them.

Others end up rejecting the Word because of persecution or trials.

Others hear the Word and open themselves to understand and accept it so that it transforms them.

Those who have “ears to hear” allow the Word to bear fruit to the glory of God. It is up to the hearer to decide whether to take the Word seriously and pursue understanding;

only a few are willing—the rest have ears, but they do not have “ears to hear” (Matthew 7:13–1424–27).

there is nothing hidden?

jesus said according to Marcthere is nothing hidden” For the disciples it maybe was so. But us today, God is still hidden. many (atheists) do not believe that there is a God, many others who believe (Muslims and Christians) fight to understand who or what God really is. Jesus told about the Heaven of God but never told about Who or what God is beside being one that is his father, being mercyful, loving  and forgiving. God is surely hidden for many

I wrote about the perception of God some time ago in 
www.kinberg.net/wordpress/stellan/about-god/

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conclusion