Category Archives: Learning

Social media and AI

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Introduction

I saw a Swedish documentary called “Vägra Sociala medier” (“say no to social media”) at
 www.svtplay.se/video/23482334/vagra-sociala-medier. Adam Lundgren is a Swedish actor that has been questioning his use of Social media. He travels to Silicon Valley to know more about Social Media. He met the Flickr inventor, Jaron Lanier, and Jeff Hankock a psychologist expert on Social Media effect our minds.

He came up with an understanding that Social Media are using Social Media to learn about human behavior to improve AI. This was not the intention from the beginning. Google is using social media to improve their Google translate service.  I share in this post a few thoughts shared in the documentary.

While Adam speaks Swedish you hear all interviewed people talking in their language, English as Swedish media always let us listen to the speakers voices.

Index

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Google meet – How to use

If you want to start a meeting

  1. You must have a Gmail
  2. Login Gmail
  3. Click on the nine button icon
  4. Choose Meet

 

If you want to attend a meeting

  1. You must have a Gmail
  2. Login Gmail
  3. Click on the link you got
  4. Wait for you to be accepted

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Zoom – How to use

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How to join

  1. Use phone if you do not have microphone and camera on your computer.
  2. Click on the link you got by mail or chat
  3. Choose to connect with browser
    Chrome works best.
  4. Wait for you to be accepted

Jaron Lanier

author of  Ten Arguments for Deleting Your Social Media Accounts Right Now”
http://www.jaronlanier.com/

  • Ai works with data.
  • China might take advantage of AI.
  • Social media is used to take data to feed AI.
  • The power is by those who own the social media
  • Google translate development needs data taken from people
  • Facebook didn’t plan  the development  that later started
  • the engineer is more conscious about the information manipulation
  • It is an unfair way to develop AI with Social media data.
  • Today there is a loss of mystery, of faith in the sense of the future.
  • Over the world, you see depressed and stressed out people.
  • There is no more positive science fiction about the future.

Catarina Faker

The developer of Flickr sold to Yahoo

  • Give the regular people a voice
  • Should this exist is a question we must do.

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Jeff Hankock

Professor psychologist at Standford, studying social media effects on humans.

  • Addicted to phones because 
  • We can not sit with our thoughts for 6 minutes
  • We can develop defenses against social media.
  • Being bored is 
  • With social media, we see the world differently 
  • Socrates was worried that the words can change the memories of our selves
  • Dopamine kicks are part of our reward system
  • We get dopamine kick when we make a handshake, see a smiling face, get a like on Facebook.
  • The dopamin dialog disturbs me
  • You have to determine if the reward you get, disturbs you or not.
  • The phone my have helped Andreas so far.
  • Our memory doesn’t work as for the greeks
  • Social media and books change your memories.

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Eugenia Keyda

recreated his own boyfriend Roman who died, as a chatbot

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David Grossblatt

owner of Founder’s Dojo, a free incubator in San Francisco for young, wayward startup founders.
the man who’s rumored to be the inspiration for Erlich Bachman, the raunchy but loveable character on HBO’s Silicon Valley. Read more at thehustle.co/the-real-erlich-bachman-of-silicon-valley

  • the incubator is a creative space
  • IGrossblats incubator is trying to offset the manipulation of information
  • Manipulation of information has always existed but  is more visible now
  • Lanier is part of the incubator
  • Ai is in its infancy
  • We can not stop AI.
  • AI will make rich people richer.
  • We have to be optimistic

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Bailey Parnell Ted

“The Canadian Association of Mental Health 
found that grades 7-12 students who spent two hours a day on social media reported higher levels of anxiety, depression and suicidal thoughts.”
 

Bailey Parnell is talking about how Social media affects you. She digs more into this issue and how to prevent the negative effects. She recommend these four steps:

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Effects on children

Patrik Wincent is the founder of ”Internetakuten”, a company with the main focus of offering counsel to people who are dealing with digital stress and to offer education in how to prevent and recognize digital stress.
“studies shown by Hilda Cavalli shows
that 30% of children under the age of 2
knows easily how to use an iPad
but haven’t yet learned how to
speak.
The age between 0 to 2
the brain doubles in size and continues
to grow until they become 25 years so
early brain development is dependent on
which environment and which surrounding
were in right and also studies showing
the three four year olds does easily
knows how to control an iPad having
material difficulties by grasping
objects such as blocks pen and a paper”

 

 

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Other issues covered

this doc mentioned

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Conclusions

I am myself using social media for my own purposes, informing about my doings and projects. But I am careful not to keep my Facebook posts private for friends or a restricted group.

I don’t care if Facebook can read all my posts.

If I can help Google to improve their translation services, that is ok as I myself use often Google translate to get fast translations I can correct in a short time.

Depressed or optimistic?

Humankind has a very important instinct we often can rely on. That is survival.

However AI develops,  Humankind will always do its best to survive. AI is just one of many techniques humankind has developed.

Most of us have learned to use fire, knives, dynamite, and other potentially dangerous tools in a safe way. There are criminals, pyromancers, and killers who use these tools the wrong way. 

Humankind is doing its best to keep these people under control with laws, military, police and other measures. We have hackers and pedophiles who use the Internet in a bad way. We are developing techniques to protect us from criminals,

I would not have been able to do the things I am doing without internet. I m worried but not pessimistic about the development of social media and AI.

Will AI become a tool available for sick or criminal people? Bots are now used by hackers. Will hackers and criminals be able one day to take over robots? I think that these are important questions our next generations have to make.

Another thought that came up with this doc is that parents should know about Social media effects on their children and talk with them about it.

To do the right thing

Introduction

Today we read Luke 10:38-42. The text  made me think about priorities.
Elisabeth of Trinity, I wrote about in  a previous post  decided to become a Carmelitan nun.
Märta in Sweden did the same 1998 . She was 19 when she made this decision. A Swedish documentary at   www.svtplay.se/video/2135690/nunnan  tells about her. She is today  happy with her decision 20 years ago, still happily active in a Swedish Carmelitan monastery.
Other youth want to become bosses,  drug dealers or soccer champions. Most of them want to become rich. 
We all make priorities and decision in our lives. 
The Luke Gospel text today is about what makes you happy and feel good. The  meaning of life we have is important.  I wrote about meaning of life in a previous post.

Index.

  • introduction
  • Luke 10:38-42
  • Conclusion

Luke 10:38-42

Next day, he took out two denarii and handed them to the innkeeper and said, “Look after him, and on my way back I willmake good any extra expense you have.” Which of these three, do you think, proved himself a neighbour to the man who fell into the bandits’ hands?’

 He replied, ‘The one who showed pity towards him.’ Jesus said to him, ‘Go, and do the same yourself.’

 In the course of their journey he came to a village, and a woman named Martha welcomed him into her house.

She had a sister called Mary, who sat down at the Lord’s feet and listened to him speaking.

Now Martha, who was distracted with all the serving, came to him and said, ‘Lord, do you not care that my sister is leaving me to do the serving all by myself? Please tell her to help me.’
 But the Lord answered, ‘Martha, Martha,’ he said, ‘you worry and fret about so many things,
 and yet few are needed, indeed only one. It is Mary who has chosen the better part, and it is not to be taken from her.’

Conclusion

 

 

The Silence on Lipari

Introduction

I wrote before about silence in this article:
 www.kinberg.net/wordpress/stellan/silence/

and in

Inspired by a article from La Republica Dossier 13/7 2019, I decided to create this page with my English translation of parts of this article.

Outside the village, on the island during trekking tours, you can experience a beautiful silence with many nice places for yoga meditation.

Index

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Elisabeth of trinity about silence

I read years ago about Silence and the importance of it in Andliga skrifter” page 122 from Elisabeth of Trinity a Carmelitan sister living in France at the end of Ninetheenth century. It is remarcable that this sister, who was a talented pianist as a young girl became the “Messenger of the Silence”.

Her vocation was simply prayer, silence, and suffering, “because our Lord lives in our soul, His prayer dwells within us and it is there I want to abide without ceasing, as a little vase at the source and fountain of life” 

“Prayer, solitude, praise of glory, silence of the mind and heart are, as many biblical values, dear to Eastern Monasticism, and they culminate in “Esychia” (hence hesychism), that is interior quietude and serenity of the soul which has emigrated to God and found its peace in Him

To be with God, Elizabeth sought silence and solitude. “

“‘I so long for Him!’ wrote Elizabeth, ‘He creates a great void in my soul that only He can fill, and to do that He leads me into deep silence from which I should like never to emerge”

( Source: www.quies.org )

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Sufi about silence

Sufi ask you to listen. But they really do not request silence to hear the voice as Rumi said. Maybe it is more about a inner silence, because music is part of Sufi spiritual meditation.

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Silence in churches

I look for silence now and then in churches. But most Lutheran churches in Sweden are closed when there is no mass. When I were in Visby I found however the Dome open. This is a video of its interior. Raise the volume and listen if you hear something. Do not worry. No stupid sound jokes.

 

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Science about Silence

The importance of Silence is now more and more recognized scientifically.

On my trip to göteborg last week I found a article in Swedish about Silence in the train www.sj.se Magazine by Erica  Jakobson with the title

Silence – I try to live!

 

 

 Erica informs in her article about recent research about silence.

  1. Two hours silence each day hel develop nerve cells in Hypocampus, the part of the brain that deals with memories, feelings and learning. This is the conclusion of a American research goroup after experimens with adult mice exposed to noice and silence.
  2. Another study organized by WHO and the EU-commission has found that lo levels of noice increases stress hormone levels,  decreased learning hability and even hearth failure.

Victoria Palm grounder of OAS says :

“We know that people restore while sleeping but never thinks about relax during the day. In a world where we are constantly exposed to stimuli, is it impossible for the brain to restore energy.

I were surprised that there were department in the train wagons were people are informed that it is a silent department.

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A italian article about silence translated

The World Health Organization has defined noise pollution a “modern plague” because “there is indisputable evidence that exposure to environmental noise has negative effects on the health of the population”.

The human being needs silence to live well. Silence has become a rarity tin our increasingly noisy  cities. In the Western world we run away from the noise ,wearing a noise canceling headphones or participating at yoga meditation sessions. 

In India,  the population went to the streets to demand the right to silence, against honking cars and motorbikes. 

Meanwhile, the technology is studying and putting devices on the market to soundproof environments taking advantage of the wireless vibration, but also bracelets that replicate the heartbeat to remove stress from the brain, caused by the surrounding noise. 

A ingenious publicity tourism office in Finland to attract tourists to Finland with slogans about silence, depicting views of unspoiled nature. It is the same principle that inspired the Benedictine monks of Pluscarden Abbey, Scotland, to open the doors of the convent, which dates from the thirteenth century, to anyone who wants to spend a few nights (or months) in complete tranquility. 

The silence, in short, has become a business. 

This business grows with the  noise of the cities. depicting views of silent nature.  The silence, in short, has become a business.

ALESSANDRA FRIGERIO, PSYCHOLOGIST WITH a PhD in cognitive and clinical social psychology, is a professor at the University of Milano-Bicocca and the Sigmund Freud University. Repubblica asked her:
“In the hyper-connected world and in the noisy society we live in, is there really an increased demand for silence?”
ALESSANDRA: “There is a high quest to get to silence. These requests are answered, for example  in meditation classes, yoga retreats, relaxing drive.”
“However, there are ways to live the silence, that allow access to its own needs through structures and standardized methodologies, like e.g. silent fast food.”

What can  silence be?

!People often perceive it is repressed by silence, because silence can represent a heavy experience.  Be in silence means dealing with an apparent void, with a series of enigmatic aspects of unresolved questions.  Our tendency is therefore  to fill the silence with noise (ed. music e.g. in stores, bars or on the beach) or repetitive meaningless talking. Silence confront us with the limits of language. It is the space of the unspoken, what we fail to express with words.!”

Effects on mental well-being

“”In the past, many psychologists have shown that silence serves to foster creativity. The brain cells regenerate and, in the hippocampus area a development of new cells that can become neurons is made possible that help boost memory and learning. 

silence is essential for the healthy development of a child

In this regard, silence is essential for the healthy development of a child. A parent who knows how to give the silence, as well as the words, shows the child the significance of absence, which is as important as the presence. In addition, leave the child in an empty space, in the silence, where even you can get bored, so need to be able to feed their own creativity.  In other words, an agenda full of commitments is often counterproductive”

Silence in clinical practice 

Silence for a psychologist or a psychoanalyst is an integral part of the instrumentation. The therapist is mostly silent because it leaves the patient an area of ​​freedom. Thus permitting a chain of speeches, to get rid of the words, beyond the constraints of consistency, morality, rational logic. The silent listening allows the patient to be a able auto-listener, grasping the implications of his own words. Sometimes the analyst’s silence is for those who do not an”swers at  a patient’s questions. It does so because it avoids influencing the individual with his judgment and to avoid being pedagogical. Silence, in this case, is to return the patient’s own question,  to find the best solution.

Silent zones in India. 

India has  silent zones that are comparable to the C zones in the center of Milan that prohibit cars to circulate. The difference is that in India  the traffic ban was not raised against smog and air pollution, but against noise. 
It all started a few years ago in the chaotic Mumbai, where a group of activists began to demonstrate for the right to peace. The reason is that the average decibel level in Mumbai is more than 80, while the World Health Organization indicates it should not exceed the maximum threshold of 65 decibels by day and 40 at night.

So the Mumbai High Court ruled the noise absolute prohibition in a radius of at least 100 meters around hospitals, schools, courts, parks, public buildings, libraries and universities.

Read more in La Republica Dossier 13/7 2019

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Silence on the island of Lipari

The silence has partly abandoned Lipari. Donkeys have disappeared and cars and motorbikes have take over on the roads. Police does not care about the noice that some cause with their scooters and mototìrbykes. Happily July is the month of silence. You are not allowed to run building machines during that month probably to protect the tourists that come to the island on that month. But for those that are unlucky to live in the village near a bar you may not be able to sleep at all from the evening at 10, until morning at 4-5 the next day. The night,  summer time is party time on Lipari with musicians playing all the evenings, a Eden for youth that prefer to sleep during the day. 

But there are many opportunities to enjoy silence on the island anyway.  In the early mornings or if you make trekking in the valleys you find a incredibly relaxing silence.

If you come to Lipari and you want silence, I recommend not to stay in the village of Lipari in July and August but instead find rooms outside like in the smaller villages like Pianoconte, Quattropani or Acquacalda. E.g. hotel Cutimare in Acquacalda on the north part of the Island is probably a  good choice. there is only one road that has little or no traffic, one little bar and at a distance, one restaurant.

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Conclusion

I definitively prefer to live on Lipari. Fortunenately my house is outside the village so I really enjoy the dark and silent nights and the early silent mornings. Sometimes there are dogs barking. But I can stand that.

 

 

Jesus and the Samaritans

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introduction

Today at Mass it was time for the reading of Luke 10:25-37 about the good Samaritan.  it is a opportunity to learn more about the Levites and Samaritans.

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Luke 10:25-37 with comments

Luke 10:25-37.

“And now a lawyer stood up and, to test him, asked, ‘Master, what must I do to inherit eternal life?’ 26 

He said to him, ‘What is written in the Law? What is your reading of it?’ 27 He replied,

‘You must love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your strength, and with all your mind, and your neighbour as yourself.’ 28 Jesus said to him, ‘You have answered right, do this and life is yours.’ 29 But the man was anxious to justify himself and said to Jesus, ‘And who is my neighbour?’ 30 In answer Jesus said, ‘A man was once on his way down from Jerusalem to Jericho and fell into the hands of bandits; they stripped him, beat him and then made off, leaving him half dead.”

Being attacked by bandits  is something that happened frequently at the time of Jesus, when traveling to Jerusalem. For this reason it was safer to follow caravans or travel together in bigger groups. So Jesus used a example that was a well known reality for the lawyer.

Jesus and his family may themself  have experienced bandits on their way to Jerusalem.

31 Now a priest happened to be traveling down the same road, but when he saw the man, he passed by on the other side. 32 In the same way a Levite who came to the place saw him, and passed by on the other side.

 

33 But a Samaritan traveller who came on him was moved with compassion when he saw him.

34 He went up to him and bandaged his wounds, pouring oil and wine on them. He then lifted him onto his own mount and took him to an inn and looked after him.

35 Next day, he took out two denarii and handed them to the innkeeper and said, ‘Look after him, and on my way back I will make good any extra expense you have.’

36 Which of these three, do you think, proved himself a neighbour to the man who fell into the bandits’ hands?’

37 He replied, ‘The one who showed pity towards him.’ Jesus said to him, ‘Go, and do the same yourself.’

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  • Jesus was not a  Levite

The Levites were one of the 12 tribes of Israel. Today there are still a few hundred Levites living on the West Bank

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Samaritans 

Despite being discriminated by the Jews, Jesus had according to me  a good relation with Samaritans and the Samaritans looked at him as the “Saviour of the World” without the need of Jesus making miracles. 

Marc, Matthew and Luke choosed for some reason to tell only about  how the Samaritan rejected Jesus hospitality once on their way to Jerusalem. 

In  John 4,3-39 , we are given  a completely different picture

the story starts with the encounter of Jesus with the woman at the well

39 Many Samaritans of that town (ed. Sychar) believed in him on the strength of the woman’s words (ed the Samaritan woman Jesus met and talked with at the well outside Sychar) of testimony, 

40 So, when the Samaritans came up to him, they begged him to stay with them. He stayed for two days, and 41 many more came to believe on the strength of the words he spoke to them; 42 and they said to the woman, ‘Now we believe no longer because of what you told us; we have heard him ourselves and we know that he is indeed the Saviour of the world.’

If you know about this encounter, you may read Matthew 10:5-6 differently:

5 ‘Do not make your way to gentile territory, and do not enter any Samaritan town6 go instead to the lost sheep of the House of Israel.”

The Jews’ view about the Samaritans.

the Jews hated the Samaritans as “dogs,” or “half-breeds.” according to housetohouse.com probably  because the Samaritans intermarried with the Assyrian invaders (ed.  in fact they loved their enemies as Jesus teached) and they stopped traveling to Jerusalem to offer sacrifice and worship helping to rebuild Jerusalem after the Babylonian captivity.

read more in  www.israelite-samaritans.com and in housetohouse.com.

the Samaritan story is to be seen in the ligth of  Jesus statemen in( Matthew 20,16 ) ‘ “the first shall be last, the last shall  be first”

jesus did not agree with the Samaritans about Mount Gerizim that was and still is sacred for the Samaritans. John 4,20-26  tells what the Samaritan  woman  at the well said and how Jesus answered:

20 ‘Our fathers worshipped on this mountain (ed. she must refer to the nearby Mount Geerizim), though you say that Jerusalem is the place where one ought to worship.’ 21 Jesus said: Believe me, woman, the hour is coming when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem22 You worship what you do not know; we worship what we do know; for salvation comes from the Jews. 23 But the hour is coming — indeed is already here — when true worshippers will worship the Father in spirit and truth: that is the kind of worshipper the Father seeks. 24 God is spirit, and those who worship must worship in spirit and truth. 25 The woman said to him, ‘I know that Messiah — that is, Christ — is coming; and when he comes he will explain everything.’ 26 Jesus said, ‘That is who I am, I who speak to you.’

28 The woman put down her water jar and hurried back to the town to tell the people, 29 ‘Come and see a man who has told me everything I have done; could this be the Christ?’ 30 This brought people out of the town and they made their way towards him.”

You may read about Samaria and its history in www.catholic.org/encyclopedia/view.php?id=10403

There is also a intresting article to preview in 
www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/43712286.pdf?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

Jesus must showed how to be respectful to the Samaritans. So…

“The apostles recognized that in the Church Samaritans must be accepted as equal to Jews. Peter and John conducted a special mission to Samaria to confirm Samaritans who had already been baptized by Philip (Acts 8:14-17). This initiation of the Samaritans was a middle stage between the preaching of the gospel to the Jews (Acts 2) and the preaching of the gospel to full-blooded Gentiles (Acts 10).” ( Source: www.catholic.com )

the relation between jews and Samaritans today

I tried to get an answer from a Jew on https://jewsforjesus.org/ but he made hsi best  to not answer. 
I tried again and wrote “jeff could not or did not want to answer my question about the Samaritan-Jew relation today. Can you find someone who can talk about it. i am writing about it on my page at http://www.kinberg.net/wordpress/stellan/2019/07/14/jesus-and-the-samaritans/#samaritans
This time got a advice that led me to this article
jewsforjesus.org/newsletter-aug-1987/newsletter-aug-1987/newsletter-aug-1987/the-bad-samaritan/

 

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Conclusions

As said above I tried to know about the Samaritan-Jew relation today in jewsforjesus.org  disqus but got no clear answer. I like their interreligious (Christian-Judaism) approach but to get in peach with e.g. Christians you have to look for peace also with the Samaritans of today as the Samaritans were the last at Jesus time  and Jesus said that the last (in Society like the Samaritans at Jesus time) will be first in Heaven.  This post let me to  write a post about Judaism and Christian theology. You find it in in www.kinberg.net/wordpress/stellan/2019/08/07/judaism-and-christian-theology/ 

Update all senses

I loved the article “Il faticoso aggiornamento dell’Homo Tecnologicus” in English “The arduous update of Homo Tecnologicus” written by Stefano Massini Repubblica June 22. This is my translation of part of it.

A few hours are required to update a computer’s software. Let’s not talk about smartphones: just a few minutes. It is a pity that it does not work for the human beings. 

The update (understood as a new tuning in to reality, correcting errors and alleged dogmas) costs the children of Adam time and effort. fvar more than just a click. 

The technological devices do not have psychologies, and as such do not resist updating in the motivation “my convictions may be wrong but they are part of me”.

So we are all backward, stuck in the past, encrusted in a block of certainties that we conceive as one with our identity. 

…. There is no operating system that does not end up crashing without the periodic update: what causes the so-called crash is the fact that the machine no longer dialogues with the outside, the files are missing, it does not recognize the languages.  In the end it is the same thing that happens to the Homo Sapiens Tecnologicus: closing the mind to external stimuli means neither more nor less isolating oneself. “

Stefano concludes his article writing 

“download the updates. In all senses.”

The death of king Herod

We read today af a JW meeting, acts 12:23 that says about Herod: 

and at that moment the angel of the Lord struck him down, because he had not given the glory to God. He was eaten away by worms and died.” Acts 12:23

 

Herod died 4BCE in Jericho after a long life with Depression and Paranoia. 

I wanted to know more sbout Herods death. I found that he may have suffered arteriosclerosis together with a deterioration of the heart and the kidneys. With that condition “Bodily poisons wouldn’t be excreted properly and would accumulate in the blood, causing general itching, sharp, constant abdominal pain, diarrhea, and possible ulceration of the bowels. In extreme cases, which is plainly what we’re dealing with here, the scrotum could become distended and gangrenous, at which point a lesion might well become infested with maggots, personal hygiene not being a priority back then.” source: http://www.straightdope.com/columns/read/196/what-loathsome-disease-did-king-herod-die-of/

I am very doubtful that God caused this death. Luke who wrote the acts most probably not knowing about Herods illness and its causes, took the opportunity  to add a divine cause to scare the readers with the Old Testament “Eye to eye” God.

Threatening with such a God  was the strategy of the church for Centuries despite Jesus teached about a loving and forgiving God. 

e-cig and Iqos aerosols dangerous?

 

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Introduction

I updated this post July 27 2019, with information abtout HNB aerosols.

Posted November 8 12018
In the RSalute segment, page 50  of Italian Repubblica November 8 2018, I read  that :

The saliva of a small group of e-cigarette users contained increased levels of three DNA-damaging compounds according to a research made in BIrmingham. David Ticket in Birmingham says that the products of heated polypropylene glycole in e-juice, have toxic effects on the immune system alvaeolar macrophage in the lungs.

Thes chemicals are formaldehyde, acrolein and methylglyoxal

They do not tell what kind if eliquid was used. Most people have some kind of flavour in the juice.  Flavours have been a issue before.

The article also says “The most concerning findings were related to acrolein, which is produced when glycerol is heated”

Index

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Propylene glycole (PG) molecule

Propylene glycole looks like this:

 

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Chemical reaction with PG

With the heat in the coil tea ch propylene glycole moelcule loose three hydrogen atoms and you get a Acrolein  molecule and three water molecules.

transforms into

acrolein molecule

+

two water molecules

mage sources:  ( Wikipedia and www.vectorstock.com )

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Diacetile – popcorn lungs

 a friend of mine informed me abiout a site telling about http://www.vanniveronesi.com/1/sigarette_elettroniche_un_polmone_al_popcorn_per_favore_10721525.html . This page  gives a link that makes you maybe land on https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/doi/10.1289/ehp.15101  where they say: “There are > 7,000 e-cigarette flavors currently marketed. Flavoring chemicals gained notoriety in the early 2000s when inhalation exposure of the flavoring chemical diacetyl was found to be associated with a disease that became known as “popcorn lung.” 

This study looked  for Diacetyl (2,3-butanedione) in 51 e-juice flavours. Peach schnapps cocktail had the highest concentration of Diacetyl (P238 μg/e-cigarette) in the vapor and aerosol of ecig. ( Source: table 2 ehp.niehs.nih.gov/  ) They give value e-cigarette but does not tell what a “e-cigarette” means . It looks like the e-cigarette is a cartridge they used. However they “drew air through the e-cigarette for 8 sec at a time, with a resting period of 15 or 30 sec between each draw”. They probably did this automatically with a computer led air pump to get comparable tests.

I found this video about “popcorn lungs”. They talk Italian informing about diacetile.

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Lipoid pneumonia

I hear a few years ago about lipoid pneumonia.  I pressumed that these  vapers must have been vaping a lot. But no studies seem to have been done to measure the quantities of  PG and/or VG in the vapour andf how much they vaped.

Spanish Hospital Reports World’s Second Ever Case of Lipoid Pneumonia Associated with E-Cigarette Use

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HNB devices like IQOS

I have tried Iqos for a while. I have no mucus reaction on IQOS aerosol and thought HNB may be a healtheir solution for me. But I found this  article:
 https://openres.ersjournals.com/content/5/1/00159-2018?fbclid=IwAR067k2Ezp-NehdKNpYGsTSCmuM0wsGawptkzHsklLRl3EVKONSYfZiiX8c

This article shares reseach results where aerosols, vapor and smoke  were compared testing  HNB device like   IQOS ecig and normal cigarettes. High Carbonyl content were seen  in HNB aerosol like . Acrolein ahas previously been found in saliva from ecig users. 

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Conclusion

The acrolein study done so far is incomplete. There are several questions that have not been studied

  1. What kind of liquid did the vapers use?
    PG or VG with aroma and nicotine or not?
  2. They only found it in the saliva. 
  3. Non studies have been done to measure acroleine density in the lungs
  4. Where there acrolein in the vape or only in the liquid and in what quantities? 
  5. How could acrolein reach the lunggs?
  6. How much  PG reach the lungs? (to know more about lipid pneumonia riscs. 

How do we get aacroleine oer diacetile  into the lungs”. it should remain in the juice or as these are not hydrophiles (weater soluble)

liek PG is with its OH groups. Some PG may reach the lungs 

S ource:  https://consumer.healthday.com/cancer-information-5/electronic-cigarettes-970/vaping-can-damage-dna-but-will-it-cause-cancer-736881.html 1

My RAD (reactive airways desease) does not react on  Iqos and ecig aerosols. But thinking about carbonyles in Iqos aerosol,  acrolein in Ecig aerosol , thousands of dangerous particles in cigarette smoke, it is better maybe better to breath fresh not polluted air.

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Jeremiahs vision of God

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introduction

This Sunday Geremia 31:7-9 was read at the Catholic Mass here in Italy.

I decided during the Mass that I will continue reading JEREMIAH during the week. I attend the Jehovah witness  (JW) meetings to learn more about the old testament (OT). A friend of mine who does not like JW at all, said, “Why don’t you read the old testament at home? My friend inspired me to find this solution this Sunday. Maybe I will continue next week with a follow up of next Sundays OT reading.

Index

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jeremiah 52

Today I read Jeremiah 52:1-11 in My Italian Bible. Here are parts of the text in English that made me think and reactIt was because of the Lord’s anger that all this happened to Jerusalem and Judah, and in the end he thrust them from his presence. … Babylon killed the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes; he also killed all the officials of Judah. 11 Then he put out Zedekiah’s eyes, bound him with bronze shackles and took him to Babylon, where he put him in prison till the day of his death.”

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Conclusion

Jeremiah told  probably what in fact historically happened. But Jeremiah also shares his  own human view about God. He obviously believed that God allowed this and  even sent and  helped the Babilonian to do this massacre.

I don’t believe in a God that behaves like stupid and sick humans like e.g. Hitler. As Jesus said according to Matthew matthew/5-38.htm to 41) “You have heard that it was said, ‘Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth. But I tell you, do not resist an evil person. If anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to them the other cheek also. And if anyone wants to sue you and take your shirt, hand over your coat as well.’ If anyone forces you to go one mile, go with them two miles.” Jesus shows a vision of a “intelligent and loving God.” War leads to war and God knows that.

I can not believe that Jeremiah was inspired by God or God told Jeremiah this human image of God.

Jonas Gardell wrote a book called “Om Gud” (about God) that is about the perception of God during the OT time and how it developed to the Christian vision of a loving and forgiving God.

 

I recommend that book to anyone interested like me about God and trying to understand the OT.