I saw a Swedish documentary called “Vägra Sociala medier” (say no to social media) at www.svtplay.se/video/23482334/vagra-sociala-medier. Adam Lundgren is a Swedish actor that has been questioning his use of Social media. He travels to Silicon Valley to know more about Social Media. He met the Flickr inventor, Jaron Lanier and Jeff Hankock a psychologist expert on Social Media effects our minds.
He came up understanding that Social Media are using the Social Media to learn about human behaviour to improve AI. This was not the intention from the beginning. Google is using social media to improve their Google translate service. Ishare in this post a few thoughts shared in the documentary.
While Adam speeks Swedish you hear all interviewed people talking in their language, English as Swedish media always let us listen to the speekers voices.
Google translate development needs data taken from people
Facebook didn’t plan the development that later started
engineer are more conscious about the information manipulation
It is a unfair way to develop AI with Social media data.
Today there is a loss of mystery, of faith in the sense of the future.
Over the world you see depressed and stressed out people.
There is no more positive science fiction about the future.
Developer of Flickr sold to Yahoo
Give the regular people a voice
Should this exist is a question we must do.
Professor psychologist at Standford, studying social media effects on humans.
Adicted to phones because
We can not sit with our thoughts for 6 minutes
We can develop defences against social media.
Being bored is
With social media we see the world differently
Scorates was worried that the words can change the memories of our selves
Dopamin kicks are part of our reward system
We get dopamin kick when we make a handshake, see a smiling face, get a like in Facebook.
The dopamin dialog disturbs me
You have to determin if the reward you get, disturbs you or not.
The phone my have helped Andreas so far.
Our memory doesnt work as for the greeks
Social media and books change you memories.
recreated his own boy friend Roman who died, as a chatbot
owner of Founder’s Dojo, a free incubator in San Francisco for young, wayward startup founders.
the man who’s rumored to be the inspiration for Erlich Bachman, the raunchy but loveable character on HBO’s Silicon Valley. Read more at thehustle.co/the-real-erlich-bachman-of-silicon-valley
incubator is a creative space
IGrossblats incubator is trying to offset the manipulation of information
Manipulation of infor has always existed but is more visible now
I am myself using social media for my own purposes, informing about my doings and projects. But I am careful not to keep my Facebook posts private for friends or a restricted group.
I donte care if Facebook can read all my posts.
If I can help Google to improve their translation services, that is ok as I myself use often Google translate to get fast translations I can correct in short time.
Depressed or optimistic?
Human kind has a very important instint we often can rely on. That is survival.
However AI develops, Human kind will always do its best to survive. AI is just one of many techniues human kind has developed.
ost of us have learned to use fire, knives, dynamite and other potentially dangereous tools in a safe way. There are criminals, pyromans and killers who use these tools the wrong way.
Human kind is doing its best to keep these people under control with laws, military, police and other measures. We have hackers and pedophiles who use Internet in a bad way. We are developing techniques to protect us from criminals,
I would not have been able to do the things I am doing without internet. I m worried but not pessimistic about the development of social media and AI.
Will AI become a tool available for sick or criminal people? Bots are now used by hackers. Will hackers and criminals be able one day to take over robots? I think that these are important questions our next generations have to make.
Another thought that came up with this doc is that parents should know about Social media effects on their children and talk with them about it. One good Ted with Bailey Parnell is talking about and dig more into this issue. Ro prevent the negative effects whe recommend these four steps:
Levain ingrediences (made this Saturday August 24 at 22.15)
100 gram Italian Divella I wheat flour bought at Discount Canneto
80 gram Italian integrale Casillo wheat flour bought at Discount Canneto
in 180 gram water (~ 2 dl) and
2 spoons of a bubbleing starter
~ 11 hours in the refrigerator in my plastic box with cover.
Create the dough
(Start 11 am Sunday August 25)
I solved all the levain in 4 dl Fontenoce water
Then I added 12 dl wheat flour 1 Divella bought at Discount Canneto
I mixed this with a wooden spoon
45 min rest (Rest 1) in room temp in a plastic box with a lid over to protect humidity over the frigerator where it is warmer
Stretching and resting
creating protein network
I added A few gram dry coarse salt before the first stretch
The rest of the stretches and 30 min rest proceeded well. The dough became elastic and slimy stretched well.
Last and fourth stretch at 13.30
I divided the dough in 2 parts and put it in the refrig in two bowls covered with plastic.
it has to stay overnight (>8 hours) but as I started late (I needed to sleep som more today) I decided to leave it in the frig until tomorrow.
(As recommended the doughs should, after the stretching part, have rest for at least 8 hours (“Over night” to get acidity.)
Final stretch and formatting
Monday morning August 26)
10.30 am. Took out the doughs from the refrigerator to rest 60 min in room temperature.
11.30 am . Took up the dough gently and stretch each dough without breaking it a few times.
Fermenting – producing CO2 bubbles
11.30 am. laid the doughs on the baking sheet with baking paper paper to fermet 2 hours in room temp (25 celsius)
1.30 pm oven at 250 temp Celsius when I put the cutted doughs in the oven to be baked
40 minutes at max temp.
l2.10 pm lowered temp to 160
Nice color . 15 minutes more baking at this 250 Celsius (max) with ventilation
Cooling and tasting
The bread became nice and fully baked. The taste is good with a fine acidity.
i got a good acidity keeping the stretched doughs in the refrigerator over night 12 hours 15 minutes. The doughs were nice after having been warmed up. I had flour on the table when I made the last stretch before formating. I did not got the nice holes maybne because of that but however I got a good consistence.
I updated this post July 27 2019, with information abtout HNB aerosols.
Posted November 8 12018
In the RSalute segment, page 50 of Italian Repubblica November 8 2018, I read that :
The saliva of a small group of e-cigarette users contained increased levels of three DNA-damaging compounds according to a research made in BIrmingham. David Ticket in Birmingham says that the products of heated polypropylene glycole in e-juice, have toxic effects on the immune system alvaeolar macrophage in the lungs.
Thes chemicals are formaldehyde, acrolein and methylglyoxal
They do not tell what kind if eliquid was used. Most people have some kind of flavour in the juice. Flavours have been a issue before.
The article also says “The most concerning findings were related to acrolein, which is produced when glycerol is heated”
This study looked for Diacetyl (2,3-butanedione) in 51 e-juice flavours. Peach schnapps cocktail had the highest concentration of Diacetyl (P238 μg/e-cigarette) in the vapor and aerosol of ecig. ( Source: table 2 ehp.niehs.nih.gov/ ) They give value e-cigarette but does not tell what a “e-cigarette” means . It looks like the e-cigarette is a cartridge they used. However they “drew air through the e-cigarette for 8 sec at a time, with a resting period of 15 or 30 sec between each draw”. They probably did this automatically with a computer led air pump to get comparable tests.
I found this video about “popcorn lungs”. They talk Italian informing about diacetile.
I hear a few years ago about lipoid pneumonia. I pressumed that these vapers must have been vaping a lot. But no studies seem to have been done to measure the quantities of PG and/or VG in the vapour andf how much they vaped.
This article shares reseach results where aerosols, vapor and smoke were compared testing HNB device like IQOS ecig and normal cigarettes. High Carbonyl content were seen in HNB aerosol like . Acrolein ahas previously been found in saliva from ecig users.
The acrolein study done so far is incomplete. There are several questions that have not been studied
What kind of liquid did the vapers use?
PG or VG with aroma and nicotine or not?
They only found it in the saliva.
Non studies have been done to measure acroleine density in the lungs
Where there acrolein in the vape or only in the liquid and in what quantities?
My RAD (reactive airways desease) does not react on Iqos and ecig aerosols. But thinking about carbonyles in Iqos aerosol, acrolein in Ecig aerosol , thousands of dangerous particles in cigarette smoke, it is better maybe better to breath fresh not polluted air.
This Sunday Geremia 31:7-9 was read at the Catholic Mass here in Italy.
I decided during the Mass that I will continue reading JEREMIAH during the week. I attend the Jehovah witness (JW) meetings to learn more about the old testament (OT). A friend of mine who does not like JW at all, said, “Why don’t you read the old testament at home? My friend inspired me to find this solution this Sunday. Maybe I will continue next week with a follow up of next Sundays OT reading.
Today I read Jeremiah 52:1-11 in My Italian Bible. Here are parts of the text in English that made me think and react “It was because of the Lord’s anger that all this happened to Jerusalem and Judah, and in the end he thrust them from his presence. … Babylon killed the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes; he also killed all the officials of Judah. 11 Then he put out Zedekiah’s eyes, bound him with bronze shackles and took him to Babylon, where he put him in prison till the day of his death.”
Jeremiah told probably what in fact historically happened. But Jeremiah also shares his own human view about God. He obviously believed that God allowed this and even sent and helped the Babilonian to do this massacre.
I don’t believe in a God that behaves like stupid and sick humans like e.g. Hitler. As Jesus said according to Matthew matthew/5-38.htm to 41) “You have heard that it was said, ‘Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth. But I tell you, do not resist an evil person. If anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to them the other cheek also. And if anyone wants to sue you and take your shirt, hand over your coat as well.’ If anyone forces you to go one mile, go with them two miles.” Jesus shows a vision of a “intelligent and loving God.” War leads to war and God knows that.
I can not believe that Jeremiah was inspired by God or God told Jeremiah this human image of God.
Jonas Gardell wrote a book called “Om Gud” (about God) that is about the perception of God during the OT time and how it developed to the Christian vision of a loving and forgiving God.
I recommend that book to anyone interested like me about God and trying to understand the OT.
As Stefan said: “Doing a good thing gives the same pleasure as a drug. You can stop taking drug and start making good things and get the same good feeling.”
This reminds me about what Martin Seligman said: “meaning comes from belonging to and serving something beyond yourself and from developing the best within you.” I wrote about this in : meaning-of-life/#conclusions )
Cooperation can be done at local level in your work, your neighborhood. But that can also be practiced cooperation on a global level by e.g. contributing to organizations that you know use your money effectively.
Beth Barnes ) says in the Ted I share below: “And all the evidence suggests that giving money to charity makes you happier than spending it on yourself.”
Our brains changes when you train altruism. It shows without ambiguity that there is a structural and functional change in the brain when you train the altruistic love.
One is about helping someone in you proximity, at work, in your neighborhood or in your village/town
the other is about sharing your wealth, donating money.
Effective altruism – sharing wealth.
here is Beth Barnes about effective altruism donating money:
2.Effective altruism – helping your next
On a personal level you also have to think about effective altruism. You must avoid empathic distress, balancing altruism and the care of yourself.
I myself became a burn out and most probably because of empathic distress I got several strokes. I had to leave my job as a teacher a job I loved.
“The balancing act of being altruistic and not falling into empathic distress requires concentration, awareness, and attention to our intentions and motivations around these acts. We must continue to question the benefit or harm we may be causing ourselves and the person we are serving.
It may be hard to imagine how a good intention, and seemingly “selfless” act can become unhealthy or even toxic. Which is why it’s vital for us to be mindfully altruistic—the art of being aware of ourselves and others while serving them.” ( Source: www.elephantjournal.com )
I will continue to donate 30€ monthly to UNHCR, while being open for other alternatives like the ones Beth Barnes suggests. Donating money doesnt normally harm if you do it wisely together with you family and relatives. At least not when it is not more than12 USD a month like with UNHCR. I get news from UNHCR now and then like the info about this video with Italian text. I befcame a supporter at the airport of Catania.
Like with the man who saved a boy on the railway in Mathieu Ricards Ted.
Will I risc my life to save anothers? For a child i would maybe do that, without thinking about the consequences. But in other cases maybe not. I have suffered enough after helping at school. with my mutliple strokes and the resulting mental fatigue.
.I am right now trying to help a good friend who suffer. But I am careful with the time I am spending. I call him when I feel reloaded.
I have thought it would be nice to become a UNHCR volunteer somewhere in the world but I have difficulties now with heat, stress and surprises. I do my best donating some of my retirement money.
I decided to split this post into two pages, one dedicated to Mary and one to Jesus. They will hopefully be published at the end of November.
Almost everyone in this world knows about about the Christian belief that Jesus was born from virgin Mary. But not many knows that this is also told about in the Quran.
There are contradiction in both the Christian belief as well as in the Muslim one. I will discuss these in this article.
Many Christians says that Jesus is God,
but he (God?) was tempted by the devil in the desert,
while Jesus in the Gospel several times talked about God as his father and mentioned God with the name Elohim asking why God abandoned him.
Muslims on the other hand, believe that Jesus is just a prophet and not a son of God nor God.
while Jesus was born from virgin Mary from a unknown father and Jesus made miracles only a God per definition should be able to do.
I have never had any doubt about that, after reading the Gospel and the Quran about Jesus and what happened in the Roman Empire after the spreading of his messages and information about his life and death. But many atheists question the existence of Jesus as among others he is not mentioned by the many normally very precise Roman Empire historians like e.g. Herodotus and Tacitus.
Is Jesus God ?
“John 10:30 ” reports that Jesus said “I and the father are one” But does that mean Jesus said “I am God” I strongly doubt that as he often talked about God as his father (for me “father” can be understood as “my Creator”). I would rather read “I and the father ” like “I and God are soulmates” or like “I am a image of God”. But this is valid for all of us, not only Jesus.
I could myself say “my dog and I and are one.” like being soulmates but that doesn’t mean that I am a dog.
Muslim arguments against
Muslim sources refer to the fact that Jesus was tempted by the devil in the desert and God/Allah would never allow that or Satan would never be able to do that as God has more power than Satan.
Presuming that Christians are right , that Jesus really is God, ” the devil in the desert temptation” story could be a way for God to warn us humans “Be careful of the Whisperings of the Devil.”
Jesus entangled to Allah.
Muslims and Christians agree however that Jesus could do miracles. Jesus could according to the Gospels, see things only Allah could (e.g. people and donkeys moving around in Jerusalem ) when he was outside Jerusalem.
Aboutr Jesus being god, the Muslim are right in their arguing that a God would not be “tempted” by the devil as Jesus was in the desert. Quran 17/111 says ““and not is for him a partner in his dominion” Muslims conclude therefore hat “Jesus is therefore not God.”
Wala yakur Lahu sharikun by al mulki “and not is for him a partner in his dominion”
Jesus certainly did not meant that he and God were partner in the dominion”. Everything was done with the permission of God, Jesus worshipped many times.
But Muslims recognize Jesus was the only one who could make miracles.
Some miracles show that Jesus may have been “quantum entangled” with Allah, thinking that Jesus could see things only Allah could (e.g. see people and donkeys moving around in Jerusalem when he was outside, know names and story of the Samaritan woman etc.).
Maybe Jesus in his “Me and my father are one” talked in the sense of being able to do miracles, have divine sight and knowledge and have the same goals. I understand from the Gospels and Jesus praying that God decided over Jesus.
Is Allah the father of Jesus ?
Who is the biological father of Jesus. that is whose mans DNA did Jesus inherit? of course not Gods. Quran 112/3 say
When Jesus talked about “his father” he of course didn’t intend “my biological father that shared with me his DNA” I presume Jesus looked at God as a “spiritual father”a father in the sense of his Creator in the whomb of Mary. The quran never specifies the kind of sonship.
Muslims correctly claims Jesus was not Gods son in the biological sense of the word. But since Muslims recognize that mary was virgin who is the biological father of Jesus?
In the Quran we can read about Mary and Jesus:
” And [mention] the one who guarded her chastity, so We blew into her [garment] through Our angel [Gabriel], and We made her and her son a sign for the worlds. ( Quran 21:91 )
“And We did certainly give Moses the Torah and followed up after him with messengers. And We gave Jesus, the son of Mary, clear proofs and supported him with the Pure Spirit.” ( Quran 2:87 )
The Quran mentions a few miracles miracles. Like this one about the table where Jesus asks Allah for a miracle, talked about in mentioned in www.islamreligion.com :
“When the disciples said: O Jesus, son of Mary! Is your Lord able to send down for us a table spread with food from heaven? He said: Observe your duty to God, if ye are true believers. They said: We desire to eat of it and our hearts be at rest, and that We may know that you have spoken truth to us, and that We may be witnesses thereof. Jesus, son of Mary, said: ‘O God, our Lord, send down for us a Table laden with food out of heaven, that shall be for us a recurring festival, the first and last of us, and a miracle from You. And provide us our sustenance, for You are the best of providers!” ( Quran 5:112-114 )
Jesus miracles with Gods/Allahs permission.
The Quran clearly tells the Jesus does miracles always with Allahs permission.
And [make him] a messenger to the Children of Israel, [who will say], ‘Indeed I have come to you with a sign from your Lord in that I design for you from clay [that which is] like the form of a bird, then I breathe into it and it becomes a bird by permission of Allah . And I cure the blind and the leper, and I give life to the dead – by permission of Allah . And I inform you of what you eat and what you store in your houses. Indeed in that is a sign for you, if you are believers.
I have not seen this in the Gospel.In a( Quran 3:49 ) above Jesus brings life to a claybird like God did creating Adam.
Muslims do not accept that Jesus was killed as “Allah would not have permitted that a messenger like Jesus would have been treated like that”. I supported for long time this idea a s there is a tomb in Srinagar, India that supports it.
I have found however another explanation why Allah let Jesus die like this. I have:
Two hypothesis about Jesus martyrdom
God let Jesus offer himself as a redemption for for the evilness of human beings and the suffering human beings havde experienced, a suffering and evilness that is a integrated part of Gods human creation. Animals does not suffer death and evilness in the same way as we do. God as alknowing and perfectly knew that humans with such a brain were susceptible to the whispering of the devil and prone to be terribly evil. The angels argued about that with God according to the Quran. But the offering may have have had also a second purpose:
Jesus became a example for many of those Christians to become martyrs in the Roman empire. Without his offer, would we maybe today still venerate Roman Gods.
Thanks to Jesus good example of accepting and tollerating suffering, poor Christians in Rome were able to met horrible tortures and death with extreme courage, a courage that impressed even Roman soldiers so strongly that some of them and even a Legion onverted to Christianity and became themselves martyrs.
A Christian church inside a Roman army fortress in Megiddo, Israel was discovered in the 1990’s.
The small church was created from a back room in the fortress by Christian soldiers stationed there. The fortress served as the military headquarters of the Legio II Traiana (“Trajan’s legion”) and Legio VI Ferrata (“Ironclad Legion”). Maybe even these two legions were slaughtered. (Source: earlychurchhistory.org )
Whatever happened with Jesus or whatever the reason of his martyrdom were, them the most important is that Jesus gave us good ethical rules to become good humans and be able to met evil in a successful way (” Do not judge and love your neihbor and enemy”). Thanks to Jesus we have today many good examples of kindness and love around the world as well as good behaviour fighting evilness like with “passive resistance“. Following Jesus example and messages we have better possibility to be resurrected for a happier life.
Did Jesus die on a cross or on a stake?
This is really an irrelevant question. But I explain below the reason iigive this question so much space.
“Crucifixion was such a gruesome and humiliating way to die that the subject was somewhat of a taboo in Roman culture, and few crucifixions were specifically documented. One of the only specific female crucifixions we have documented is that of Ida, a freedwoman (former slave) who was crucified by order of Tiberius.” (Source: Wiki )
Some say that the cruxifixion and hand nailing of Jesus is prooved by the schroud in torino, Italy.
But the examination of it shows that “Blood pattern analysis (BPA) of the blood marks on the Shroud of Turin show that they are non-realistic.”
The cross/stake question is interesting as its answer reveals how the Gospels like the old testament have been erroneously translated from Greek. The Witnesses of Jehovah talk a lot about this, to explain why the jehovahs-witnesses doesn’t worship images of Jesus on a cross. They say that the “Bible indicates that Jesus did not die on a cross but rather on a simple stake.” (source: https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1101989219 )
Erroneous translation in all the Gospels.
The Jehovahs witness looks to be be correct. You can see this “stake-cross” mistranslations in all the Gospels.
My Lutheran priest here in Sweden aknowledged that this mistranslating is a fact. I decided therefore to “amputate” my golden cross to resemble a pole.
I have however now to the idea that Jesus had to carry the horizontal beam (patibulum in Latin) to the place of execution, but not the whole cross as it is to heavy. Jesus tied to the horizontal beamand was appended on a stake so it looked like a T as Morgan Freeman illustrates it in his video “The story of God” from minutes 17:40.
For me it is enough that Jesus is a prophet, a prophet that could do miracles. like the Muslims believe.
Jesus is not God for me. God decides over all of us, even Jesus.
We are all sons of God in a metaphorical sense as God created us all.
of course God does not get children in the biological meaning of it.
I believe in the miracles as I think that God can do anything, like he created the Universe.
there are a lot of misunderstanding between different religions as believers have their own conception of things. We must do our best to understand each other and to achieve this the only solution is dialog.
When I got the news from Fermilab I prenumerate on, about “Loop Quantum Gravity – how to merge quantum mechanic and gravity” a new field of study, it was impossible for me not to start looking at this video.
This video resurrected a old plan I had. Quantum mechanics math is far more difficult than the math in the relativity equations. I struggled many years ago with the Schroedinger equation, the math I did not understand but understood the electron state orbital consequences. this equation is important to understand to be able to dig into quantum mechanic math.
The best explanation of the Schroedinger equation I have found is this video:
To understand quantum mechanics better I have to follow leonard Susskind in the video below about imaginary/ complex numbers, complex coniugates and how these are used to describe abstract quantum vectors:
I stumbled upon this Ted. The issue has touched human beings for millennia and still does. A lot of humans have been stoned for that.( John 8:11 ) The issue is still intresting for many in the 21th century . This is evident as this Ted has been seen 5 139 925 times since it first was held in 2015. I think the issue is intresting, as it is about human beings behaviours, about love and being or not being kind issues I have dedicate time to before.
There is a Swedish way of describing marriage “Marriage is the first step toward divorce”. I personally went to a marriage preparing Catholic course. There we met a couple who have lived together for about 40 years and still loved each other. how is that possible? I unfortennately lost all the notes I made there. And what kind of love did they lived in? We never got an answer to that question.
And what is to love someone? is to get in love like in a Freudian psychosis? This video raises many questions I have not seen any Ted about.
i studied thermodynamics many years ago and came to learn about entropy that describes the state of a system, the state of disorder. To make an example, a egg has low entropy (low disorder) If you scramble it, the entropy (disorder) raises. As you know you can not unscramble a egg. Similarly, if you put a piece of ice in a cup of warm juice, the peace of ice (with low entropy) will melt (get higher entropy) . it is unlikely you can reverse that system to get the piece of ice back in your warm juice.
I associate a system with high entropy with disorder, chaos. while a system with low entropy is a form of order. Entropy could be defined as a description of the degree of disorder.
Richard Feynman a American theoretical physicist who died 1988 explained entropy long time ago in this nice youtube:
Mathematician have discovered the strict mathematical constants and equations ( the Mandelbrot set : ) lying behind that apparent chaos in images like this one:
Chaos and order are not the same word. But chaos is normally a system of high entropy. I like to visualize high entropy with chaos even if that is not always correct. E.g. a wood may seem chaotic in our point of view but has really a high state of order.
In our Biosphere everything get higher entropy that is, build up chaos with time. All living creatures disrupt with time and finally die. This because the ordered DNA get disrupted during the many replications.
Nature is so well constructed that a seed grows up to a ordered system, a beautiful plant. But that happens only thanks to the sun that nourishes the plant with photons so it can build up its ordered structure according to the inherited program (DNA)
Not to forget that the low degree of disorder in ice is created in lack of heat. So water and gases behaves in a different way.
Human beings like animals build aslo up a ordered system ( = their body with a lower entropy) by eating plants, that is “consuming” the order in the plants. We could say that animals build up and maintain order (lower entropy) with the help of the plants lower entropy state (being cut downs and eaten)
disorder in our homes and cleaning up
Children tend to raise disorder in their living space. It is a sideeffect , we adults (parents most of all) have to live with Their creating disorder leads to a raise of intellectual order in their brain, that is learning. Cleaning up the room is the same as lower the entropy (disorder) of it.
other examples of entropy and how to use it in engines.
A theological view of the thermodynamics of entropy.
God/Allah has created a system (our Universe) that is so well programmed that it, out of a extremely high disorder, by itself builds up order, the order of which we can use for our own survival.
Before Salat it (Muslim prayer) is important to clean yourself and the prayer room. That is a form of showing thankfullness to our Creator that gave us life (=order.) God loves life and order. Shaytan (Iblis) on the contrary does not like order (disorder=death, suffering). Where Iblis has taken over, you see very high disorder, destruction and death.
I invite you to Look at and meditate over this video. Compare the order good humans created with the help of God, before the war and the disorder after the war.
It is very important to remember that we can not say, its the devils fault. We were given a brain with a intelligent reasoning frontal lobe, so we can normally choose whose what whispering we want to listen to. The whispering of the devil or the whispering of God. We have also learned to distuinguish between evil and good. So no excuses for our bad behaviour.