Arabic signs

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Introduction

Especcially when you read the Quran, see e.g. the first chapter (Sura) at quran.com/1/1 ), you see a lot of signs over the letters. To read correctly it is therefore important to be able to understand these signs. My ambition is to be able to read the Quran. Can I read the Quran then I am able to ready any Arabic text.

To learn these signs and have the explanations easily available,  I decided to prepare a separate page for these on my site.

As it is easy to create pages in Google drive pasting images etc I created a Google drive page with the signs at

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1PdeiDtzFNsgXRAXCAX2kqqjZ7pvQ93XAjKxEM013ycM/edit?usp=sharing 

Index

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Arabic vocal signs

There are three vocal signs:

  1. fatah 
    reads like a A
  2. Kashrah
    reads like a I
  3. Dhamma
    reads like a U


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Hamza

to indicate short wowels, often over the first vocal
Maha has a good lesson about this

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Sukoon

Sukoon over a consonant indicates the absence of a vowel.

Tajweed free school has a good lesson about Sukoon with many good examples.

 

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Shaddah

Shaddah is a very special sign one has to learn about. it is often used. it looks like a small w or the first part of the letter Siin.

A very good course teaching about the Shadda sign is made by 

Tajweed FreeSchool

I collected all their examples in my Google doc. That helped me a lot repeating  the Arabic alphabet have great problems remembering.