Despite having studied natural sciences, I have always been interested also in social sciences.
In the sixties, i read “Das Kapital” and the comunist party program on how to transform a capitalistic country to a country controlled by the people.
In the seventies, I became interested in Revolutionary Catalonia, new kind of democratic society was tested 1936 – 1939 and I became part of www.sac.se. helping whit the SAC newspaper and taking care of the syndicalist bookshop syndikalistisktforum.se/.
I left that movement in the eighties thinking that it was impossible to realize its dream in this capitalistic and party oriented world.
A new experiment starting in Barcelona in June with the purpose to “create a new model of University for the world.” and change “aspects of the traditional education system ” ( youtu.be/dFA1Uh4-LQ8 ),
A group of students at Mindvalley University in Netherland is planning for the interesting project that’s happening in Barcelona in June. (read more in www.mindvalley.com/films/barcelona-experiment/invite )
This experiment inspired me to look again at the Revolutionary Catalonia experiment.
How to rule a school, a factory, a town, a region, a country? How to realize true democracy? These are the questions I am trying to answer on this page.
The human being is the only species that can reorganize themselves. We have a global network, scientific knowledge available, experiences to learn from.
Owners and rulers must respect Human rights.
- Social Sciences
- Revolutionary Catalonia
- Issue 2
- Political parties
- Human right and laws
- Types of democracy
“The social sciences were created and institutionalized in the nineteenth century precisely to serve a fundamental human concern: the need to understand the forces driving human societies and by extension the reasons behind social skills (Gagnon, 1989). The purpose was to understand the social and propose remedies.”
(read more in (Papanagnou, Georgios, UNESCO. Source a: unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000211705 )
(21 July 1936 – 1939)
“In 1910, the Confederación Nacional del Trabajo (CNT) was founded in the middle of the restoration in Barcelona in a congress of the Catalan trade union Solidaridad Obrera (Workers’ Solidarity)”.. “the aims of the CNT are to “develop a sense of solidarity among workers” (Wiki )
Revolutionary Catalonia (21 July 1936 – 1939) was the part of Catalonia (autonomous region in northeast Spain) controlled by various anarchist, communist, and socialist trade unions, parties, and militias of the Spanish Civil War period…
The trade unions (CNT among others) were de facto in command of most of the economy and military forces” So we can say that workers had ” control of businesses and factories”, and collective farming was practiced in the countryside ( read more in Wiki )
CNT and the revolutionary Catalonia project was misleadingly associated with Anarchy as CNT later affiliated with the Federación Anarquista Ibérica. Stalinist sympatising Communists helped Franco stop this project.
“the CNT organises itself in from the bottom up, through different levels of Local and comarcal federations” ( read more in Wiki )
In “Revolutionary Catalonia” a new way of grassroot (?) democracy was tested with clear bottom/up decision rules. It could maybe have become a realization of Marx’s dream of a new system if Stalinist communists did not stop it.
What went wrong in Spain 1938 and why?
“Anarchy” became synonymous with chaos, a system without rules and rulers.
The same thing happened with “Communism” that has become synonymous with Stalinism and one party dictatorship.
CNT’s collaboration with Federación Anarquista Ibérica may have helped the fascists and stalinists.
The Catalonian revolution was a huge threath to the “auctoritarian up/down solutions” around the world, like monarchy, dicatorship etc)
It is not strange that Ussr with Stalin collaborated with Spanish fascists with Franco tofight this treath.
It reminds me of the persecution of the cathars (Albigenses) on behalf of the Spanish inquisition supported by the Lutheran and Catholic church. (d)
An auctoritarian attitude on behalf of CNT militia against paysans may also have helped to create enemies.
Many farmers opposed collectivization so “economic pressures were practiced and militiamen imposed fear on those who opposed collectivization” ( Wiki )
A authoritarian attitude was also acting among CNT leaders.
There was a lack of empathy for those who have worked hard to become owner of a piece of land.
Noone who has inherited properties or spent a lot of money maybe taken banc loans, would like to leave their properties to a Municipality or State.
This is regulated today in Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)
“Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others.” (art 17 )
Sometimes this is violated for building of railroad or roads.
traders could cooperate in trade unions like Swedish Svensk handel with the purpose to strengthen the competitiveness of trade
Forest and Farm Workers could cooperate in a Union like the Swedish “LSF”
Farmers should also collaborate in local federations, like the Italian federagri.
Political parties have become like washing powder shops.
In Soviet Union and several other communist countries, only one party is allowed.
In many other countries the party rules democracies works badly.
The Catalonian revolutions was against the party rulership but some syndicalists became members of the socialist party.
referendum – a democratic tool.
Referendum is one important tool in bottom/up democracy.
Tpday with internet and voting offline it is very easy to have frequent referendum. Read more about referendum in Wiki.
UDHR and laws
Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) says among others:
- All human beings … should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. (article 1)
- Everyone has the right to life, liberty, and security of person. (art. 3)
- No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment. (art. 5)
- Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others. (art 17 )
- Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression (art. 19 )
- Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association. (art.20)
- Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favorable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment. … Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his interests. (art. 23 )
“human rights should be protected by the rule of law” (b)
Types of democracy
List taken from Wiki.
- Anticipatory democracy
- Associative Democracy
- Cellular democracy
uses a multi-level bottom-up structure
- Christian democracy
- Consensus democracy
rule based on consensus rather than traditional majority rule.
- direct democracy
- Economic democracy
- Grassroots democracy
- Islamic democracy
- market democracy
- Presidential democracy
- representative democracy