Today we read Gv 20,19-31 about Jesus appearing in the house with the disciples. Jesus does not scold the disciples who fled from him but just says “Peace with you.”.
John talks about a second post-resurrection appearance that is not mentioned in the other Gospels. In Mark 16:7, Jesus appears to all the disciples on a mountain in Galilee. But according to Cross & Livingstone 2005, p. 888.the appearance in Galilee, is widely believed to be a later addition to the original gospel. ( en.wikipedia.org )
Can we believe in these stories?
( N:B. The texts below are copied from www.christianwritingtoday.com/free_downloads/WebNT_CWTedition.pdf )
John 20,18-31 writes:
“20:18 Mary Magdalene came and told the disciples that she had seen the Lord, and that he had said these things to her. When therefore it was evening, on that day, the first day of the week, and when the doors were locked where the disciples were assembled, for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood in the midst, and said to them, “Peace be to you.”
20:20 When he had said this, he showed them his hands and his side. The disciples therefore were glad when they saw the Lord. Jesus therefore said to them again, “Peace be to you. As the Father has
20:22 sent me, even so I send you.” When he had said this, he breathed on them, and said to them, “Receive the Holy Spirit! If you forgive anyone’s sins, they have been forgiven them. If you retain anyone’s sins, they have been retained.”
20:24 But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, wasn’t with them when Jesus came. The other disciples therefore said to him, “We have seen the Lord!” But he said to them, “Unless I see in his
hands the print of the nails, and put my hand into his side, I will not believe.”
20:26 After eight days again his disciples were inside, and Thomas was with them. Jesus came, the doors being locked, and stood in the midst, and said, “Peace be to you.” Then he said to Thomas, “Reach
here your finger, and see my hands. Reach here your hand, and put it into my side. Don’t be unbelieving, but believing.”
20:28 Thomas answered him, “My Lord and my God!”
20:29 Jesus said to him, “Because you have lseen me, you have believed. Blessed are those who have not seen, and have believed.”
20:30 Therefore Jesus did many other signs in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book; but these are written, that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you may have life in his name.”
he breathed on them, and said to them, “Receive the Holy Spirit! If you forgive anyone’s sins, they have been forgiven them. If you retain anyone’s sins, they have been retained.”
If these words are true or not can not be said. No other Gospel mention these words.
These words may have been added by the authors of John to give themselves the right to to forgive, if you confess.
The Book of Thomas contained no post–Resurrection appearances in its original . Read more in en.wikipedia.org
I personally believe more in in Luke 24,13-35 where Jesus appears on the road to a village called Emmaus, seven miles from Jerusalem.
That story is not useful for the Catholic church as Johns story.
Appearances or not are not so important. As I always claim, the miracles and other incredible stories are not necessary to believe in Jesus. What is important is to listen to Jesus Kerygma.