Jesus kerygma Parable 1



From now on I will focus on Jesus teaching, starting with the Parables that are documented in more than one Gospel.This post is dedicated to the parable of the lamp, that is to be read in Mark 4:21-25 and Matthew 5:14-16



The Parable of the lamp

  • texts in red that differs between the Gospels.
  • texts in green that are the same in both Gospels.
according to Mark 4:21-25 according to Matthew 5:14-16
21 He also said to them, ‘Is a lamp brought in to be put under a tub or under the bed? Surely to be put on the lamp-stand? 22 For there is nothing hidden, but it must be disclosed, nothing kept secret 
except to be brought to light. 23 Anyone who has ears for listening should listen!’ 24 He also said to them, ‘Take notice of what you are hearing. The standard you use will  be used for you — and you will receive ore besides; 
25 anyone who has, will be given more; anyone who has not, will be deprived even of what he has.'”
14 You are light for the world.
A city built on a hill-top cannot be hidden. 15 No one lights a lamp to put it under a tub; they put it on the lamp-stand where it shines for everyone in the house. 
16 In the same way your light must shine in people’s sight, so that, seeing your good works, they may give praise to your Father in heaven. 

Matthew does not mention any incitation to listen like Mark, before him did. It looks however like Matthew  meditated over Jesus “Take notice of what you are hearing.”  and Matthew added maybe  his own good  interpretations “You are light for the world.” and “your light must shine in people’s sight,” probably referring to the apostles Matthew tells about listening later in Matthew 11: 15. According to him, Jesus said 15 “Anyone who has ears should listen!” after  Jesus talked about John the Baptist and Eliah to come.


The message in the Parable

The light metaphore

Jesus talked about light  What is light a metaphore for,  according to Jesus? 
Most probably the light Jesus  talked about, was his own teaching. His teaching gives us light to find the right path in our lives.  

Whose light 

But Jesus was a very humble man. I presume he did not think that only  his own teaching was light, worth listening to.  He himself as a good Jew, read the old scriptures.

As every good teacher, he wanted the disciples to listen to him. And he wanted them to share the light. he gave.

Jesus gave us a lot of good advices, many of these in the wondeful Sermon of the mount ( Matthew 5-7 ).

I thnk he wanted to say that people should open their eyes to any kind of light not only his.

Light a metaphore for any wisdom

Beside of Jesus teaching, Light may also be  any wisdom or knowledge  that like Jesus wisdom,  enlighten and is useful for others. I find in this Parable a message that we must share  what we learn, know and see.

What “light” to share

But what we share must not be in violation of Jesus’ instructions “love your next, neighbor and enemy”. We shall think about what we share. A knowledge or wisdom may also hurt.

Jesus . “Who is my mother?”, “love me more than your mother” and “let the dead bury their own dead” (Mt 8:22) were not something nice to listen to. But the message behind these seemingly disrespecful sentences are to  be understood. We shall not be false, lying nor be hypocrite.

Isaiah’s light

Matthew 4:16 asserts that Isaiah’s vision is fulfilled in Jesus and says of his life: “the people living in darkness have seen a great light; on those living in the land of the shadow of death a light has dawned.” (Light as life) 

About light

What is to listen

I like the answer in

there is a difference between having ears and having “ears to hear.” Jesus’ parable of the sower and the seed contrasts types of hearers: those who let the Word of God pass straight through their ears and those who truly listen and seek understanding (Mark 4:13–20). Some hear the Word, yet they do not allow it to take root because the seduction of worldly pleasures and comfort overcomes them.

Others end up rejecting the Word because of persecution or trials.

Others hear the Word and open themselves to understand and accept it so that it transforms them.

Those who have “ears to hear” allow the Word to bear fruit to the glory of God. It is up to the hearer to decide whether to take the Word seriously and pursue understanding;

only a few are willing—the rest have ears, but they do not have “ears to hear” (Matthew 7:13–1424–27).

there is nothing hidden?

jesus said according to Marcthere is nothing hidden” For the disciples it maybe was so. But us today, God is still hidden. many (atheists) do not believe that there is a God, many others who believe (Muslims and Christians) fight to understand who or what God really is. Jesus told about the Heaven of God but never told about Who or what God is beside being one that is his father, being mercyful, loving  and forgiving. God is surely hidden for many

I wrote about the perception of God some time ago in