# Jesus first disciples

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## INTRODUCTION

Today,  Sunday January 17 John 1,35-42 is read.  It is about Jesus and his first encounter with Simon, (Peter), his brother Andrew and Philip

# INDEX

## The text

John 1,35-42 says:

1:35 Again, the next day, John (ed. the Baptist) was standing with two of his disciples,
1:36 and he looked at Jesus as he walked, and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God!”

1:37 The two disciples heard him speak, and they followed Jesus.
1:38 Jesus turned, and saw them following, and said to them, “What are you looking for?” They said to him, “Rabbi”  where are you staying?”
1:39  He said to them, “Come, and see.” They came and saw where he was staying, and they stayed with him that day. It was about the tenth hour.
1:40 One of the two who heard John, and followed him, was Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother.
1:41 He first found his own brother, Simon, and said to him, “We have found the Messiah!” (which is, being interpreted, Christe ).
1:42 He brought him to Jesus. Jesus looked at him, and said, “You are Simon the son of Jonah. You shall be called Cephas” (which is by interpretation, Peter).
1:43 On the next day, he was determined to go out into Galilee, and he found Philip. Jesus said to him, “Follow me.”
1:44 Now Philip was from Bethsaida, of the city of Andrew and Peter.
1:45 Philip found Nathanael, and said to him, “We have found him, of whom Moses in the law, and the prophets, wrote: Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.”

Footnotes

1:39 4:00 PM.
1:41 “Messiah” (Hebrew) and “Christ” (Greek) both mean “Anointed One”.

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# 30 years of invisibility

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## INTRODUCTION

Today Sunday, January 20,  Mc 1,7-11  is read. It’s about the baptism of Jesus.

His Baptism was also celebrated in the john the Baptist Franciscan church at Qasr_al-Yahud on the Jordan river.
( Image source: Repubblica. 20200111 )

After 30 years of invisibility, Jesus appears as an adult on the river of Jordan to get baptized by John.

( Image source: Repubblica. 20200111 )

The Gospels are filled with extraordinary sparkling stories, partly inspired by the story of Moses. John avoids for some reason to talk about these 30 years and start his Gospel with the baptism of Jesus. Johns’s tradition probably thought these stories to be without importance and maybe also unreliable despite three others wrote about these years.
I wrote about Jesus first years in several posts:

Jesus talked several times about the book of Jeremiah (Matthew 2:17,27:9) and Isaiah (Mark 7:6, Luke 3.3-4, 4:17, Matthew 4:14, 8:17, 12:17, 13:14, 15:7, John 1:23, 12:38, 12:41, Acts 8.28, 28.25).
He is believed to be God incarnated. But I can not imagine Jesus to having played all his time doing childish miracles with clay or just worked with timber with his father.
he was a Jew and as such he must have attended Torah education.
Luke 2:46 tells that Mary and Joseph” … found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the teachers, both listening to them and asking them questions.” This story seems reasonable for a young boy interested in religious issues.
What were his thoughts as a young boy and teenager about the prophets Isaiah and Jeremiah? He must have talked about them with his father Joseph and mother Mary.

# INDEX

## The text

Mc 1,7-11  says:

1:1 The beginning of the Good News of Jesus Christ, the Son of God. 1:2 As it is written in the prophets, “Behold, I send my messenger before your face, who will prepare your way before you. (a)
1:3 The voice of one crying in the wilderness, ‘Make ready the way of the Lord! Make his paths straight!’” (b)
1:4 John came baptizing (c) in the wilderness and preaching the baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins.
1:5 All the country of Judea and all those of Jerusalem went out to him. They were baptized by him in the Jordan River, confessing their sins.
1:6 John was clothed with camel’s hair and a leather belt around his waist. He ate locusts and wild honey.
1:7 He preached, saying, “After me comes he who is mightier than I, the thong of whose sandals I am not worthy to stoop down and loosen

Footnotes

•  a 1:2 Malachi 3:1
• b 1:3 Isaiah 40:3
• c 1:4 or, immersing

## The message

Understanding Jesus requires some understanding of the Jewish culture and believes. I think it is interesting to listen to Joe Amaral in this video:

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# Logos, the word, the verb became flesh

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## INTRODUCTION

Tomorrow Sunday January 3 Gv 1,1-18 is read. It’s about the beginning of John’s Gospel.
This part inspired me to write “in the beginning there was a plan” in my Genesis 2000, a plan made together with the soul of Jesus.

Pope Francis in his Angelus (see below) deepened the value and meaning of John’s Gospel verses.

# INDEX

## The text

Gv 1,1-18 says:

1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
1:2 The same was in the beginning with God.
1:3 All things were made through him. Without him was not anything made that has been made.
1:4 In him was life, the life was the light of men.
1:5 The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness hasn’t overcome it. (a)
1:6 There came a man, sent from God, whose name was John.
1:7 The same came as a witness, that he might testify about the light, that all might believe through him.
1:8 He was not the light, but was sent that he might testify about the light.
1:9 The true light that enlightens everyone was coming into the world.
1:10 He was in the world, and the world was made through him, and the world didn’t recognize him.
1:11 He came to his own, and those who were his own didn’t receive him.
1:12 But as many as received him, to them he gave the right to become God’s children, to those who believe in his name:
1:13 who were born not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
1:14 The Word became flesh, and lived among us. We saw his glory, such glory as of the one and only Son of the Father, full of grace and truth.
1:15 John testified about him. He cried out, saying, “This was he of whom I said, ‘He who comes after me has surpassed me, for he was before me.’”
1:16 From his fullness we all received grace upon grace.
1:17 For the law was given through Moses. Grace and truth were realized through Jesus Christ.
1:18 No one has seen God at any time. The one and only Son, (b) who is in the bosom of the Father, he has declared him

Footnotes:

• a 1:5 The word translated “overcome” (katelaben) can also be translated “comprehended.” It refers to getting a grip on an enemy to defeat him.
• b 1:18 NU reads “God”

## The message

1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
1:2 The same was in the beginning with God.
1:3 All things were made through him. Without him was not anything made that has been made.
1:4 In him was life, the life was the light of men.
1:5 The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness hasn’t overcome it.

The word that John used was Logos
Λόγος. in Italian and Spanish it is translated to “verb”. In Swedish and English it is translated to “ord” / “Word”. Logos when Luke 4:32 uses it, it is translated to “message”. I like the greek version (“logos” as well as the Italian/Spanish translation “Verbo” as it indicates action. God is action.

This part of John is profound and mysterious at the same time. As I said in my introduction, these verses inspired me to write “in the beginning there was a plan” in my Genesis 2000

The rest seems to be obvious telling about John and describing Jesus as the Word in flesh.

But as Pope Francis says in his Angelus (see below) John does not write that  the word became men” but “the word became flesh” . Pope has a intriguing interpretation of the meaning of  “became flesh”

Here is Pope Francis interpretation of Johns first verses:

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## conclusions

For me the verses 1.1-1.5 are those who I like the most as they complete/develope the book of Genesis.
The Universe is not created without a plan. And it is not like the creation of a magician.

God is much more than a magician. Math is just one of Gods many languages.

Like a tree is created out of a seed and then grows depending on causality (where the seed landed, how the weather developed, etc.). So the Universe is created and let evolve according to rules, equations and tensors, we hardly understand with our limited brain.

But many who does not know math, think that causality is the same as caos or like Einstein said “Playing dice”. they do not understand that causality has its very special probabilistic rules.

with big computers we can calculate the coming weather. But there are no and probably never will exist, computers that can compete with this superior being we call God, Allah etc.

I like pope Francis interpretation of “and the word became flesh.“. God does not need to sit on a trone like humans, showing up an image of power like Muslims wants Allah to be. God has no problem showing up  and be like the weakest, the poorest.

“In the smallest, the last and poorest, there is God”

Human beings are very good in harming others but weak in their souls, screaming for the least of pains.

The interpretation of the “Word” is also important. Words imply dialog. God talks to all of us, if we listen carefully. But dialog requires EQ, empathy. God is the one that has the highest EQ and IQ.

# Jesus birth on the first floor.

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## INTRODUCTION

Saturday December 24 Lc 2,1-14 was read. It’s about the story of Joseph and Marys’s trip from Nazareth to Bethlehem and Jesus’ birth in the crib. As I do not believe in this story, I did not write about it on December 24. ii published instead a article about the year and date of Jesus birth.
I changed my mind however after having listened to Pope Francis’s interpretation of the text, I changed my mind. Publishing this article December 27.

Pope Francis concentrated totally meditating on the crib, the place of birth of a poor boy.

Despite Luke may have written this story inspired by the Pentateuch and the prophets, I find it however inspiring that he sees Jesus’ birth in the poorest of places, a manger, and shelter for animals.

The manger story of Luke, inspired pope Francis to a message that he shared during the mass. See below

Pope Francis has made me reconsider the story I am writing about Jesus’ birth in Nazareth. Yes, I believed for long time, that Jesus was born in Nazareth.

# INDEX

## The text

Luke 2,1-14 says:
2:1 Now it happened in those days, that a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be enrolled.
2:2 This was the first enrollment made when Quirinius was governor of Syria.
2:3All went to enroll themselves, everyone to his own city.
2:4Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and family of David;
2:5 to enroll himself with Mary, who was pledged to be married to him as wife, being pregnant.
2:6 It happened, while they were there, that the day had come that she should give birth.
2:7 She brought forth her firstborn son, and she wrapped him in bands of cloth, and laid him in a feeding trough, because there was no room for them in the inn.
2:8 There were shepherds in the same country staying in the field, and keeping watch by night over their flock.
2:9 Behold, an angel of the Lord stood by them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were terrified.
2:10 The angel said to them, “Don’t be afraid, for behold, I bring you good news of great joy which will be to all the people.
2:11 For there is born to you, this day, in the city of David, a Savior, who is Christ the Lord.
2:12 This is the sign to you: you will find a baby wrapped in strips of cloth, lying in a feeding trough.”
2:13 Suddenly, there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly army praising God, and saying,
2:14 “Glory to God in the highest, on earth peace, good will toward men.”

## The message

Pope Francis does not focus on the many facts told by Luke. Except one, the simple and poor place of his first start, a manger. He sees and shares an important message. God does not value exterior appearances but what you have in your hearth. Jesus was born in love and preached love.

“. The son of God is  born discarded
to tell us that every discarded person is a child of God.
He came into the world as he comes into the world  “

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## conclusion

After listening to pope Francis, I  got the hypothesis that Joseph brought Mary after marriage to Bethlehem, maybe sometime after the visit to her cousin Elisabeth, several months before the birth of Jesus.
In Bethlehem, Jesus was born maybe in September while the “shepherds were still in the field” and people came traveling from all over Galilee to get enrolled by the Romans.
As husbands probably were not allowed to assist at birth at that time and to give the newborn a warmer and more silent place, Mary was shortly before the birth, probably taken by a midwife, to the lower and warmer part of a house belonging to parents of Joseph, where some animals were kept.
As Jesus was released from the umbilical cord, cleaned, wrapped in bandages and given the breast,  a manger with soft ad warm hay, may have been Jesus’ first bed, where Joseph and his closest relatives and friends may have seen him for the first time.

# Jesus’ first visit to Jerusalem

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## INTRODUCTION

Today Sunday 27 December   Lc 2,22-40 is read. It’s about The first time Jesus visit Jerusalem.
It is in fact Mary and Joseph that brings Jesus to Jerusalem as he is a newborn baby. Luke tells that Jesus was born in Bethlehem. If that is true, the trip was not so long.
If he instead would have been born in Nazareth, the trip would have been 111 km as measured today going by the roads existing today. The trip at that time was probably longer. The question is if all newborn bouys around in Galilea were brought all the way to Jerusalem. If that is the case, they must have been traveling in a bigger group to protect themselves from pirates may be walking along the Jordan to avoid the mountains.
Despite the distances, they were for sure used to travel a long way, riding on donkeys. Maybe achievable by the mothers with their babies safely kept on their chest.

# INDEX

## The text

Lc 2,22-40 saysin English:

2:22 When the days of their purification according to the law of Moses were fulfilled, they brought him up to Jerusalem, to present him to the Lord
2:23 (as it is written in the law of the Lord, “Every male who opens the womb shall be called holy to the Lord”), (a)
2:24 and to offer a sacrifice according to that which is said in the law of the Lord, “A pair of turtledoves, or two young pigeons.” (b)
2:25 Behold, there was a man in Jerusalem whose name was Simeon. This man was righteous and devout, looking for the consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit was on him.
2:26 It had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he should not see death before he had seen the Lord’s Christ. (c)
2:27 He came in the Spirit into the temple. When the parents brought in the child, Jesus, that they might do concerning him according to the custom of the law,
2:28 then he received him into his arms, and blessed God, and said,
2:29 “Now you are releasing your servant, Master, according to your word, in peace;
2:30 for my eyes have seen your salvation,
2:31 which you have prepared before the face of all peoples;
2:32 a light for revelation to the nations, and the glory of your people Israel.”
2:33 Joseph and his mother were marveling at the things which were spoken concerning him,
2:34 and Simeon blessed them, and said to Mary, his mother, “Behold, this child is set for the falling and the rising of many in Israel, and for a sign which is spoken against.
2:35 Yes, a sword will pierce through your own soul, that the thoughts of many hearts may be revealed.”
2:36 There was one Anna, a prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher (she was of a great age, having lived with a husband seven years from her virginity,
2:37 and she had been a widow for about eighty-four years), who didn’t depart from the temple, worshipping with fastings and petitions night and day.
2:38 Coming up at that very hour, she gave thanks to the Lord, and spoke of him to all those who were looking for redemption in Jerusalem.
2:39 When they had accomplished all things that were according to the law of the Lord, they returned into Galilee, to their own city, Nazareth.
2:40 The child was growing and was becoming strong in spirit, being filled with wisdom, and the grace of God was upon him.

Footnotes

• a. 2:23 Exodus 13:2,12
• b. 2:24 Leviticus 12:8
• c. 2:26 “Christ” (Greek) and “Messiah” (Hebrew) both mean “Anointed One”

## The message

Pope Francis at his Angelus today, interpret this passage as a message about the family.

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# Introduction

I saw the Italian film “Voci dal silenzio” where Italian hermits are interviewed about different aspects of life.

## Index

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the hermit strips himself of all things that are not essential to his life.
on loneliness”

“Distinguish loneliness and isolation
solitude, a moment to measure the relationship with creation
you risk being a man created by others, ultimately unhappy
watch over the nature of thoughts”

On nature

“A new relationship with what surrounds us
living in nature, our mother
to be and to let be
Imprisonment in one’s horizons
journey from the exterior to the interior”

On silence

“I need times, places and silence to compose myself
silence is the casket where the word to which we must give value is deposited
the mind does not accept silence.
These participated:”

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Anxiety

A psychologist friend of mine told me long ago that if you run away from anxiety, anxiety runs after you. Instead, you have to deal with anxiety.

Cognitive neurology experts say that the warning signs we hear such as anxiety and heartbeat start from the amygdala.We, humans, are herd animals and in the herd we feel safe, protected. If we suddenly find ourselves alone, the amygdala of our limbic system is programmed to signal us danger and we experience it as anxiety and heartbeat.

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We flee
“Perhaps now we discover in this forced isolation who we are and that we flee in many ways perhaps not being aware of it.”

“Some turn on the television which gives an illusion of not being alone,
others feel less lonely when wearing a headset to listen to radio or music.
Still others go to the village, to the supermarket or take a drive.
many start playing on the computer or socializing online.”

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Who are you?

“This is a tough question. Now in our “hermitage,” is the best time to address this question.

What are your strengths and weaknesses? If you know your strengths, you don’t need to dramatize and magnify your shortcomings.”

Are you someone who cries often?
Are you someone who often gets angry?
Are you someone who like to talk with big voice?
Are you someone who often resorts to lies?
Are you shy and can’t express yourself?
Here I am talking about defects that maybe you can remedy yourself. For others, you may need to speak to a psychologist.

Recognize the flaws

“If you recognize your flaws, you have the opportunity to remedy them and grow, take a step forward in life.”

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Accept the defects

“To find solutions to our flaws, we must first find peace in our soul.

Nobody’s perfect. We all have our small and big flaws. To deal with these, it is first of all important to accept them, saying for example:

“I have these flaws but I am not alone in having them. I don’t need to be ashamed of these. I do the best I can. ”.

You have to make friends with yourself. Only then do you have a chance to find a remedy.”

find remedy

“You really need to do this
Have you tried other ways of doing it?
Aren’t you hiding a shyness behind a curtain of false security?
Or do you hide that you are not quite sure what you say?
Given the economic damage that many of us will feel after the crown, we have an opportunity to find a remedy. How can we prevent future similar events?”

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In family

“If, on the other hand, you live this imprisonment as a family, you may have other possibilities. If your relationship is being tested now, now is the time to make progress in your relationship and make it stronger. Can you be humble? Do not impose your will on the family but listen instead. They, small or large, maybe they can teach you something. Can you contribute by changing something in yourself?”

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Enter into a relationship

“To be able to love your neighbor you must first of all love yourself. We have perhaps heard this many times.”

“I’ve heard there are many here in the south who marry to find accommodation. A Tibetan nun Tenzin Palmo Jetsunma said in 2008 “If you enter a relationship and hope to fulfill yourself with the help of your neighbor, that relationship may not last. “

The after

“Maybe we get out of this captivity and discover we are better at communicating with others, we discover that we are stronger and we no longer need to play trombones or impose our will, shouting and threatening.”

“We may discover that we no longer need to run, to escape.”

“We may discover that we have become more independent and humble.”

“We may discover that there are other paths to take instead of complaining and getting angry.”

“We discover that we must help those who are now without work, without means, who have lost everything.”

# the festival of the sun, became a festival of the Son

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## INTRODUCTION

Today and tomorrow the birth of Jesus is celebrated. This article raises the date question with a few videos. The story of Jesus’ birth was originally documented by the Gospel of Luke ( Luke 2,1-14 ). Here is the video recording of the Christmas mass with Pope Francis Omelia:

The disciples and earliest believers had no interest in discussing the birthday of their Messiah for the first 200 years.

several different dates were proposed over the years. Some suggested dates in March or April. January was also a popular month, as well as November.

Jehovah’s witnesses talk today about September as a possible time of birth but that can be discussed as I write about below.

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It is however, not an important question.
December 25 is rather to be considered a day of remembrance instead of a historical day.

But it is quite clear that Jesus was not born December 25, 2020 years ago at the beginning of the first century. And he was in my humble opinion, not born in Bethlehem but in Nazareth.

It is absurd to think that a pregnant woman during her last month, would make a  very long trip from Nazareth to Bethlehem to register the family riding on a donkey as Luke said in 2:1-5. Luke as a doctor, should have known that.

# INDEX

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## The text of Luke

Luke 2,1-14 says:

2:1 Now it happened in those days, that a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be enrolled.
2:2 This was the first enrollment made when Quirinius was governor of Syria.
2:3 All went to enroll themselves, everyone to his own city.
2:4 Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and family of David;
2:5 to enroll himself with Mary, who was pledged to be married to him as wife, being pregnant. 2:6It happened, while they were there, that the day had come that she should give birth.
2:7 She brought forth her firstborn son, and she wrapped him in bands of cloth, and laid him in a feeding trough, because there was no room for them in the inn.
2:8 There were shepherds in the same country staying in the field, and keeping watch by night over their flock.
2:9Behold, an angel of the Lord stood by them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were terrified.
2:10 The angel said to them, “Don’t be afraid, for behold, I bring you good news of great joy which will be to all the people.
2:11 For there is born to you, this day, in the city of David, a Savior, who is Christ the Lord.
2:12 This is the sign to you: you will find a baby wrapped in strips of cloth, lying in a feeding trough.”
2:13 Suddenly, there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly army praising God, and saying,
2:14 “Glory to God in the highest, on earth peace, good will toward men.”
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## The day of birth

Luke said in 2:4: Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and family of David

but it is not likely that Ceasar would mobilize an entire population of people in the middle of winter, which makes December 25 an unlikely date for the birth.

practical reasons as for theological ones.

The December 25 date was chosen as much for practical reasons as for theological ones. Throughout the Roman Empire, various festivals were held in conjunction with the winter solstice. (Agonalia and December 11 Agonind) In Rome, the Feast of the Unconquerable Sun, celebrated the beginning of the return of the sun. When Christianity became the religion of the Empire, the church either had to suppress the festivals or transform them.
The winter solstice seemed an appropriate time to celebrate Christ’s birth. Thus, the
festival of the sun became a festival of the Son” (Holman Bible Dictionary, entry for Christmas)

I found this youtube who discusses this issue. I took the text above from this video.

## The  year of Jesus’ birth

Barbero a Italian history professor talks about the year on a youtube I have found. Eventually, activate transcript and select translate page in a translate browser extension.

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## conclusion

Whatever the date of Jesus’ birth is, it is however nice to remember Jesus’ birthday on December 25 as it is short after winter solstice December 21. The return of the light of the Sun is a good time for meditating on the coming of the light given us by Jesus. At least for us in the northern hemisphere.

I think however that we can celebrate the return of the Sun (Agonind) as the Romans did, too. It is a way to celebrate the Creation, the Earth with its Sun.

the celebration of Santa Claus in the North is also a nice tradition but that is mainly for the small children, a way to remember old traditions and myths.

I celebrate Agonind, December 24 and the coming of Christ, December 25.

# crying in the wilderness

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## INTRODUCTION

Tomorrow Sunday, December 13 Gv 1,6-8 and 1,19-28  is read. It’s about the Baptist, the cousin of Jesus. According to many, Jesus was born in September when it was not so cold. It is however a nice reading from John.

How many are there who are “crying in the wilderness” of Power and politics. I am thinking about all young and youth around the world who are crying for a sane life on earth and their future. Few are listening and continue to take the ca when they can walk those 50 meters.

# INDEX

## The text

Gv 1,6-8 and 1,19-28 says:

1:6 There came a man, sent from God, whose name was John.
1:7 The same came as a witness, that he might testify about the light, that all might believe through him. 1:8He was not the light but was sent that he might testify about the light.

1:19 This is John’s testimony when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, “Who are you?”
1:20 He declared, and didn’t deny, but he declared, “I am not the Christ.”
1:21 They asked him, “What then? Are you Elijah?” He said, “I am not.” “Are you the prophet?” He answered, “No.”
1:22 They said therefore to him, “Who are you? Give us an answer to take back to those who sent us. What do you say about yourself?”
1:23 He said, “I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, ‘Make straight the way of the Lord,’c as Isaiah the prophet said.”
1:24 The ones who had been sent were from the Pharisees.
1:25 They asked him, “Why then do you baptize if you are not the Christ, nor Elijah, nor the prophet?”
1:26 John answered them, “I baptize in water, but among you stands one whom you don’t know.
1:27 He is the one who comes after me, who is preferred before me, whose sandal strap I’m not worthy to loosen.”
1:28 These things were done in Bethany beyond the Jordan, where John was baptizing

## The message

install the translate extension and under this video activate transcript and you will be able to understand what the Pope says about Johns message:

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# How to protect yourself from Covid.

## Introduction

I studied microbiology in Sweden. When the Corona virus spread in Italy i decided to update my virology knowledges creating a page about it
I were astonished how Italian  put al focus on mask and how healthcare personnel HCP protected themselves at the beginning of the epidemic. It did not look secure in my opinion. So I looked at protection practices too in different countries and documented about it in a second page.
you find these pages in the meny above under learning – biology.

## Index

### Italian lesson

It is the first time I hear such a clear explanation with excellent metaphors and examples of infections in USA and Italy.
I copied this explanation given by the Italian virologist Roberto Burioni in “Che tempo che fa” an Italian television program in RAI 3, yesterday.
I put a copy of it on youtube with subtitles and transcripts for the deaf and foreigners who don’t know Italian.
News from November 5.

The mask does not hurt you if you use it while jogging and cycling as it was believed before. “A new study has found that exercise performance and blood and muscle oxygen levels are not affected for healthy individuals wearing a face mask during strenuous workouts.”
www.sciencedaily.com.

Read the transcript for the video below.

I sent request to publish this video in my channel.

What do you think? https://youtu.be/RXNgj1sl-hI

### Copy of Transcript:

How does infection work? We listen. You know that the coronavirus is extremely contagious.

But the coronavirus doesn’t spread by itself. We are the ones who spread it with our behaviors.

So it is very important to understand what the transmission mechanisms are,  to implement behaviors that do not allow the spread of this virus.

The banalest is the one with the hands. We touch a contaminated object
and then we put our hands to our face, mouth, nose and we get infected.
Well, to interrupt this transmission path, the solution is quite easy: just wash your hands, disinfect them frequently as we have learned to do.
But this is not the main way of transmission of this virus.

The main route of transmission of this virus is by air. There is a contagious person. There are other susceptible people alongside. The virus moves through the air and comes to infect these people.
But how does the virus move? How does it fly? It has no wings. . The virus takes the plane.

And do you know who gives it to him on the plane to travel? We give it to him. And we give it to him with droplets that we emit involuntarily, every time we speak.

Of these droplets, we must speak carefully because they are the vehicle that the virus uses to infect others. Droplets are of two types:

1. there are some small but slightly larger ones called droplets.
These fall within two meters of each other.
2. But then there are others, much smaller, the aerosol.
Here, here you no longer have to think about drops. You have to think of something like a cloud of smoke which remains suspended in the air and which can also reach much greater distances,
especially when we are in a closed environment. So how can we defend ourselves from these droplets that carry the virus?
For the larger droplets, it’s simple. These cover only 2 meters,
so it is sufficient to keep a distance greater than 2 meters to be safe.

For the smaller droplets, on the other hand, the matter is much more complicated. Because as I told you,  they can cover much greater spaces.

You have to imagine them as smoking that in a room can travel. And how do you protect yourself from these smaller droplets?
Well, how do you defend yourself from smoking if it bothers you in a room? Very simple:
you open the windows and the moment you open the windows, the smoke goes away. The same thing happens for the aerosol. For this reason, contagion is much more difficult outdoors where this aerosol is immediately dispersed.
But it is much more dangerous to stay indoors because it remains there.
So, we understand what these droplets are. But we didn’t say that we have a fantastic way to fight them: the mask. A contagious patient who puts the mask emits a very low number of these droplets. So the mask is essential.

The mask does not hurt. Just whoever says it tells you a lie. And above all, the mask is extremely effective.

There are dozens of studies that claim this. And therefore also on this point, it is no longer necessary to discuss. He tells you an example.

• A hairdresser in the United States got sick with Covid and has however continued to work. He combed 139 people and didn’t infect anyone: he wore the mask. But then he went home and there he removed the mask and infected his family members. Therefore, when we evaluate any situation, we must take it into account what are the factors that increase the risk of infection. First of all, there is more risk if you are not wearing a mask. Then you risk if you are in a closed environment with little ventilation.
Then there is a risk if at the same time practices are implemented that increase emission of  droplets, talk or even worse, scream and sing.
Finally, proximity if you are close.
The risk increases and obviously, the risk exposure time because if you are in
a place where you can get infected the longer you are, the worse it is. Let’s see some example things that they really happened and let’s imagine for a moment a bus with 68 passengers. The bus is clearly an enclosed space if cold. Keep the windows closed. It is close. Maybe we talk, yes sings- Here, the journey is long in this case they didn’t have a mask. 68 passengers, 23 infected.

• Let’s look at another completely different example. We are in a hockey game, we are indoors.The players shout, obviously, they are not wearing masks. The hockey game is long. I’m forced to stay close. Out of 22 players, one was contagious. They are infected with it 14.

But in the end, there is A situation that I must mention to you in which many of these risk factors are concentrated:

When we eat together. When we eat, we obviously don’t wear masks.
When we eat, we stay in an enclosed space because at this time of the year we don’t eat outdoors.
And when we eat, we talk because we like to chat at dinner and when we eat, we are close,
because we are sitting at the same table. And when we eat, we also have dinner for more than five minutes
because we like to be in company. So, unfortunately, many epidemic outbreaks have been linked
to convivial episodes.
• In Maine in the northeastern United States, there was a wedding with 55 guests. one was contagious. Thirty of them became infected but from here an epidemic outbreak started which even caused not only 177 infections but seven deaths.
• A similar thing it happened just a little while ago in the province of Pavia. 34 invited to a wedding, 21 infected people.
But it didn’t stop there, because these 21 people brought the infection home where it occurred  13 other cases.

And even here it is not over, because the infection arrived in a school with 2 other cases.
• In another restaurant where there was a christening dinner. And finally in a second school with 5 other infected people.

Now you understand that we have to be careful.
I would always like to give you some good news like the one I gave with the vaccine. But why I’m here it’s not to tell you soothing lies.

It’s to tell you exactly how things are so that you can behave as safely as possible for yourself and your loved ones.

It is one thing to eat 4 at the restaurant. It’s one thing to have dinner as we usually do in a windowless rumpus room with 40 people.

The danger has not passed and one of our best feelings is that of wanting to be together with the people we love.
But the virus is a particularly vile enemy that exploits this feeling of ours to infect, to make sick even to kill the people we love. We have to hold on.
Because everything makes us think we are truly at the last quarter of an hour, as they once said against this terrible enemy that has ruined our lives.
And it would be a shame to let this virus hit a loved one in the last few minutes.
And in my opinion, if all goes well soon. this nightmare will be forgotten and we can return to manifest our most beautiful feeling which is that of wanting to be,  wanting to hug, and want to dine together with the people we love.
Thank you Professor Burioni thank you very much.

## A pluralist agnostic seeker

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