All posts by admin

The law of Jante

I read today an article in SVD at
https://www.svd.se/varifran-kommer-uttrycket-jantelagen

I think it tells about an important part of the Swedish adn Scandinavian sociocultural history and culture of today, known here in Sweden as “Jantelagen”, the law of Jante. IN Norway they call it “Janteloven”

It maybe also makes you understand Swedes better. 

Until 1900 in poor Swedish, maybe even Scandinavian, villages, all had to follow this law.  A person who did not follow this law breaked the social balance in the village. I would say that this law still is respected today among some Swedes even in work places. 

The law was formulated 1933 by the Norwegian writer Aksel Sandemose in his fiction ”En flykting korsar sitt spår”. Sandemose grew  up in the Danish village Nykøbing Mors. he used this village as a model for his village Jante in his book. He formulate the law like this:

Click here tosee Swedish version below.

  1. You should not believe you are something.
  2. You should not believe you are as good as we are.
  3. You should not believe you are more intelligent than us.
  4. You should not think that you are better than us.
  5. You should not think that you know more  than us.
  6. You should not think that you have more value than us.
  7. You should not believe that you are good at something.
  8. You should not laugh at us.
  9. You should not believe anyone cares about you.
  10. You should not believe you can learn us anything.
    The eleventh law, “the punishment law” says:
  11. Do you not think we know about you?

This “law of Jante ” reminds me about 
“no prophet is accepted in his hometown”  ( Luke 4:24

Swedes were during the 19th century severly educated by Protestant priests who came to the villages to interrogate the villagers about the words in the Bible, Luther’s small cahtechism, and other reading habilites.  Kids were interrogated at school with questions like “Who was  the first man?” were the right answer had to be “Adam!” if you didn’t want to be punished with the stick. 

The law of Jante today

US native Steven Karwoski wrote this in ” How I tackled Sweden’s Law of Jante”
“Equality remains a cornerstone of Swedish culture.  This ‘we’re all the same’ mentality comes from the Scandinavian concept of Jantelagen or The Law of Jante, the cultural compass that celebrates ‘everyman’, discourages individual success and sets average as the goal.  It manifests itself in the culture not only with the ‘we are all equal’ ethos but even more so a  ‘don’t think you are better than anyone, ever’ mindset.”
( https://www.thelocal.se/20140617/how-i-tackled-swedens-law-of-jante )

here is one of the several youtube’s about the law of jante 

I like this comment to her video:

“What’s funny is that the same Swedes that judge you will turn into social butterflies as soon as they arrive in Thailand or any country that has a warm culture.”

I recommend also this  well made  Youtube about the law of Jante described as part of Norwegian Culture. The author is  a Norwegian girl who teaches  Norwegian in her channel for English speaking visitors.

Swedes in Austria and Spain.

Swedes are also know as very problematic and even feared in Austrian ski site and in Spain for the drinking behaviour when they get “free” and inhibited.

Maybe similar social rules are found in your country? 

two books about Sweden

This book about Sweden from 2008 tells about the law of Jante. (HINT. click on the image to view a Google review

You may read about the Swedish History  in this older book now available in the Internet archive (HINT. click on the image to view a Google review) 

 

The law of Jante in Swedish
I keep a copy here of the law of Jante Swedish version as taken from the article in
 https://www.svd.se/varifran-kommer-uttrycket-jantelagen
as articles in web newspapers often disappear after a few days. 

 

  1. Du skall inte tro att du är något.
  2. Du skall inte tro att du är lika god som vi.
  3. Du skall inte tro att du är klokare än vi.
  4. Du skall inte inbilla dig att du är bättre än vi.
  5. Du skall inte tro att du vet mer än vi.
  6. Du skall inte tro att du är förmer än vi.
  7. Du skall inte tro att du duger till något.
  8. Du skall inte skratta åt oss.
  9. Du skall inte tro att någon bryr sig om dig.
  10. Du skall inte tro att du kan lära oss något.

Till detta kommer ett elfte bud, ”Jantelagens strafflag”:

  1. Tror du inte att vi vet något om dig?”

A religious pluralist approach

I am for religious tollerance and pluralism, that is I am for 

” dialogue and encounter, give and take, criticism and self-criticism.” (Source: http://pluralism.org/what-is-pluralism )

I think I am following a form of religious pluralism, being inspired by  Deism and  Christian, Zoroastrian and Muslim holy books as well as other sources, like philosophers (Spinoza, Confucius) and scientists (Einstein, LeMaître, Fred Hoyle, Päbo… ). 

As a catholic Christian reading the Gospels attending Catholic Mass on Sundays,   I believe that the

Christian Catholic religion is absolutely  not the sole
and exclusive source of truth and good values. 

I  acknowledge that truths and good  values exist in other religions too.  I search therefore good thoughts and values among other religons like eg in the Qu’ran, the Zoroaastrians gathas Hymns of Zarathushtra, Bhagavad gita, I got  a brain that is supposed to be able to judge what is good and what is not.
And I think l have a brain that should be able to judge what should be truth and not.

I was given a reason to be used. So I study all kind of Sciences, Anthropology, Biology, Physics,  Math, in fact God itself and its manifest. 
I have a  Deistic approach.

I am attracted by Spinozas view of God.

  1. Spinoza.jpgI don’t fully agree with Einsteins second part of this view  “I believe in Spinoza’s God, Who reveals Himself in the orderly  harmony of what exists, not in a God Who concerns Himself with the fate and the doings of mankind.” ( http://www.kinberg.net/science-without- religion/ )
  2. The more I study science the bigger is my as Einsten said  “unbounded admiration for the structure of the world

“Baruch Spinoza and Albert Einstein considered God to be essentially the sum total of the physical laws which describe the Universe”  (Carl Sagan broca’s brain)

Baruch Spinoza said:
“Whatwsoever is, is in God and without God nothing can be or be conceived.”

“God is the indwelling and not the transient cause of all things
We feel and know that we are eternal Do not weep, do now wax indignant. Understand.” 

The  Songs of Zarathushtra help us understand Spinozas view of God. Shortly said “The Universe is the body of God, God matherialized according to E=mc2.”

This is my pluralistic believe where you can find inspiration from several holy books.
I believe in ..

  • … a revealing God. He talked e.g. Zoroaster, Johannes, Moses, Mohamad to help Homo sapiens with its blanc slate become homo sapiens sapiens.
  • the Soul. In everyone of us there is a temple of God, the Soul. If we listen to our inner voice we maybe are listening to God. (Corinthian 3:16,  also mentioned by buddist Swami Vivekananda)
    Image result for temple of God in everyone of us vivekananda
  • miracles. God controls the initial unified Force and with it can do anything,  incarnate Adam  on Earth, make virgin Mary pregnant, Jesus do miracles etc.
  • incarnation. I believe that God can incarnate in any body and see us with the eyes of any creature (the definition of  Avatära in Bhagavad gita 4:7) 
  • zoroastrism and John. God was initially Thought and  Energy  and most of it is now materialized in this Universe “Gods body” Remind that John said that “in the beginning was the word” (John 1:1)
    “God created both the invisible and invisible worlds from Himself using His astral body and His own light.”
    “The material world consisting of fire, water, air, earth, plants, animals and humans is very much like the body of God”
    ( as interpreted by www.hinduwebsite.com)

    Jesus took bread, said the blessing, broke it, and giving it to his disciples said, “Take and eat; this is my body.” ( Matthew 26:28)
  • a concerning, tollerant and forgiving God.  For me a God should per definition be all knowing, perfect,  thus  God should  be better than the most wise and noble man, a man that does it best to have a good mind,  good purposes, look for Truth and righteousness, serenity, loving kindness,  forgiveness mercifulness, understanding and tollerance.
  • So being perfect and all knowing,  God created a a perfect world, a world  were humans, as image of God  have  the responsibility to listen, observe,  work and take care of each other and Gods creation and gift, the Earth. 
  • God is not cruel. So a conclusion of mine is that God does therefore  not intervene in his own creation if that was not planned from the beginning. If God did we would be degraded to be animals again without mind and will. It is our mission and  duty to fight evil in this world.
  • Prayer is useful… even if God may not intervene. It is you that have to find the solution (light). Only when you recognize your own weakness and limits ,  on the bottom of a deep  hole (crisis),  you are able to climb up again out of the hole up to light. With prayer you achieve the right state of mind to solve your problem.
  •  There is no choosen people. God does not discriminate.  There is  no such a think like  a “God chosen people” even if some Christians, Jews and Muslims like to believe that to  justify their evil actions, Christian inquisitor torturing, Muslim fanatics killing their prophet Jesus followers.
  • A fair God. God does not discriminate, so God talks to all humans in their language,  who listen and looks for help and the right path. (Quran, 1:6 ) 
  • Confucius tao.  There are two forces, evil and good (Ying and Yang)we are confronted with from birth. Christians name them devil, the black angel, and God.  As parents and adults we have the responsibility to help our newborn to confront evil and follow the right path. “‘l-SirATa ‘l-mustaqim” (Quran [1:6]).
  • hell and reincarnation. “We create our own hell here on Earth.” When we  die, we leave our body and restricted mind,  we get infinite empathy, knowledge and understanding. So if a man made other people suffer here on Earth then he will feel the pain he caused thousand time stronger and for long time until our soul, like Adam was according to Quran may be incarnated in a new creature. 
    The Zoroastrian view of death: “the soul would remain on earth for a three days and nights, hovering near the body.  Then it would depart to the spiritual realm, led by Daena, the guardian spirit, where it would be greeted with a vision of the thoughts, words and actions it performed when it was inside the human body upon earth.” 
    ( www.hinduwebsite.com)

    let us hope God will be merciful with us for being that stupid and ignorant on Earth.

Other sources

in https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/religious-pluralism/

Look at http://www.deism.com/

About The Zoroastrian God can be read in 
http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/zoroastrian/beliefs/god.shtml

and in http://www.hinduwebsite.com/zoroastrianism/beliefs.asp

The Songs of Zarathushtra can be read and searched in http://www.zarathushtra.com/z/gatha/dji/gathtml.htm

Who is a God in COnfucianism is to read about in

http://peopleof.oureverydaylife.com/god-confucianism-4082.html

“The Loom of God”  is maybe a interesting book for people like me or for you?

I also look at philosophies like buddism.

A fiend of me shared with me Abhidhamma 

abhidhamma

 

My favorite prayers

“Thee alone I worship; Thee alone I ask for help, Show me the straight path” recited in Quranic Arabic of course.
Quran [1:6]

“Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your me, your kingdom come, your will be done, on earth as in heaven. Give us today our daily bread;  and forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors; and do not subject us to the final test, but deliver us from the evil one.” (Matthew 6:9-13 )

As it it is written in the Quran “We gave ‘Îsa (Jesus), the son of Maryam (Mary), clear signs and supported him with Ruh-ul-Qudus” (= Holy Spirit) ( Quran 2:87 ) i of course also like 

“Ave Maria……. pray for us now and at the hour of our death”

A unified creation theory is another result of my searches for answers, in this case about the origin of homo sapiens sapiens.

Read more here

Big Bang in religion

Read first some facts about Big bang

Let me start with this video made by www. Minutephysics.com

I personally believe there is a God. How can I integrate the Big Bang Theory in my believe of a God? I have to look what holy books say about the Creation of the World.

Quran verses:

  • The Quran says “Have not those who disbelieve known that the heavens and the earth were joined together as one united piece, then We parted them? And We have made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe? ” (21:30)
    Comments:
    –  “United piece” (Singularity is what Scientists say today), “parted them” (=Universe expansion)
    – “Water” Science teach that all was built with hydrogen, but who  could understand what hydrogen atoms  was year 500 ?
  • “Then He rose over (Istawa) towards the heaven when it was smoke, and said to it and to the earth: “Come both of you willingly or unwillingly.” They both said: “We come willingly.” (41:11)
    Comment: “Smoke” The Earth would not have existed without a Supernova.
  • “And He it is Who has created the night and the day, and the sun and the moon, each in an orbit floating.” (21:33)
    Comment: pretty accurate about our planetary system.
  • “The heavens, We have built them with power. And verily, We are expanding it” (51:47).
    Comment: Scientists confirm there was infinite energy and a unified Force at the beginning and then we had the expansion of the Universe.

Read more in https://www.thoughtco.com/creation-of-the-universe-2004201

The Bible

I let this site speak for itself 
 https://answersingenesis.org/answers/books/taking-back-astronomy/the-universe-confirms-the-bible/
With the sources given you have to find youself the verses.

use e.g. http://bible.catholic.net/ to find them.

Zoroastrianism
Wikipedia user “Beda67” wrote in 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zoroastrianism#Creation_of_the_universe

“According to the Zoroastrian story of creationAhura Mazda existed in light and goodness above, while Angra Mainyu existed in darkness and ignorance below. They have existed independently of each other for all time, and manifest contrary substances. Ahura Mazda first created seven abstract heavenly beings called Amesha Spentas, who support him and represent beneficent aspects, along with numerous yazads, lesser beings worthy of worship. He then created the universe itself in order to ensnare evil. Ahura Mazda created the floating, egg-shaped universe in two parts: first the spiritual (menog) and 3,000 years later, the physical (getig). Ahura Mazda then created Gayomard, the archetypical perfect man, and the first bull.

While Ahura Mazda created the universe and humankind, Angra Mainyu, whose instinct is to destroy, miscreated demons, evil yazads, and noxious creatures (khrafstar) such as snakes, ants, and flies. Angra Mainyu created an opposite, evil being for each good being, except for humans, which he found he could not match. Angra Mainyu invaded the universe through the base of the sky, inflicting Gayomard and the bull with suffering and death. However, the evil forces were trapped in the universe and could not retreat. The dying primordial man and bull emitted seeds. From the bull’s seed grew all beneficial plants and animals of the world, and from the man’s seed grew a plant whose leaves became the first human couple. Humans thus struggle in a two-fold universe trapped with evil. The evils of this physical world are not products of an inherent weakness, but are the fault of Angra Mainyu’s assault on creation. This assault turned the perfectly flat, peaceful, and ever day-lit world into a mountainous, violent place that is half night.”

As a source he used Cavendish, Richard; Ling, Trevor Oswald (1980), Mythology: an Illustrated Encyclopedia, Rizzoli, pp. 40–45, ISBN 0847802868

Cavendish, Richard; Ling, Trevor Oswald (1980), Mythology: an Illustrated Encyclopedia, Rizzoli, pp. 40–45, ISBN 0847802868

Intyeresting verses in songs or Zarathushtra
( Read the songs  translated in English here here )

“I pray to Thee, O Mazda, with uplifted hands, and to thy Holy Spirit, first of all and hope that through truths and righteousness I would enjoy the light of wisdom and a clean conscience, thus bringing solace to the Soul of (Mother Earth) Creation.” (Yasna 28:1)  

I find the name of Creation in 11 more songs. The debate continues…

Get the Big Bang Theory in harmony  with your belief in God, with a http://www.kinberg.net/2017/09/18/religious-pluralism/pluralistic approach. Read more here.

Steven pinker chalks it up to the Blank slate

For my “Unified creation theory” to grow and mature with the idea of Adam incarnated in a hybrid body with a blanc slated brain,  I need to know more about the brain and the mind. Steven Pinker helps in teh video below to do some progresses.

My son kindly borrowed me the book . But I found you can
read the book at archive.org: 
Click here to Read Steven Pinkers Blank slate

View and listen to Steven Pinkers talk. 

Hint. click on red text icon to get subtitles in your language.

I prefer to have the transcript available while listening.
Click here to see the video and follow his speach in the transcript.

Hint.  The transcript is readable under the video frame.

Some important facts
mentioned by Steven, I think are important to consider:
(11:19) ,means that the citation comes from minute 11:19 in the video:
  • kids come to the world with certain temperaments and talents, it doesnt come all from outside
  • the mind of man and woman are not indistuingishable
    genetics and neuroscience are increasingly showing that the brain is intricately structured
  • identical twins separated at birth show quite astonishing similarities.
  • if we’re blank slates, then, by definition, we are equal
  •  if something is written on the slate, then some people could have more of it than others, and according to this line of thinking, that would justify discrimination and inequality.
  •  if we are blank slates, we can perfect mankind — the age-old dream of the perfectibility of our species through social engineering.
  • Whereas, if we’re born with certain instincts(without a blanc slate), then perhaps some of them might condemn us to selfishness, prejudice and violence.
  • the human mind is a complex system with many parts, and some of them can inhibit others.
  • So even if people did have impulses towards selfishness or greed, that’s not the only thing in the skull, and there are other parts of the mind that can counteract them.
  •  there’s excellent reason to believe that virtually all humans are born with a moral sense, and that we have cognitive abilities that allow us to profit from the lessons of history.
  • 11:19 There is no society ever discovered in the remotest corner of the world that has not had something that we would consider the arts.
  • 19:53  Identical twins, or any siblings, who are separated at birth are no less similar than if they had grown up together.  Everything that happens to you in a given home over all of those years appears to leave no permanent stamp on your personality or intellect.
  • Anton Chekhov, who said, “Man will become better when you show him what he is like.

THE TABULA RASA (Blank slate) THEORY BELONGS TO THE BEHAVIORIST POSITIVISTIC PSYCHOLOGY PERSPECTIVE 

A friend psychologist of mine told me this and that the basic idea of the behaviorist perspective  is that a human being can learn everything.

Behaviorism is concerned with how environmental factors (called stimuli) affect observable behavior (called the response).” (source: https://www.simplypsychology.org/perspective.html )

In my reading (source: www.simplypsychology.org) I stumbled into

Evolutionary Psychology

“A central claim of evolutionary psychology is that the brain (and therefore the mind) evolved to solve problems encountered by our hunter-gatherer ancestors during the upper Pleistocene period over 10,000 years ago.”
(source: https://www.simplypsychology.org/perspective.html )

According to finding near the Sea of Galilee in Israel homo sapiens and Neanderthals lived near each other between 60.000 and 60.000 years ago. A hypothesis is that they could have interbreed during this period of time.
(Source; https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/new-skull-could-be-from-human-group-that-interbred-with-neandertals/ )1

A jaybone from a Homo sapiens hybrid,  discovered in Romania, lived about 40 000 years ago.  
( Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3134695/Ancient-Romanian-jawbone-sheds-light-Neanderthal-interbreeding.html )

My question is now

“Did the hybrid Homo Sapiens living 40000 years ago in Romania  have a Blanc slate?”

I doubt that further DNA studies in the future may reveal information about that.

Evolutionary psychologists may however have something to say about that one day, if I find someone to talk with. 

parts of the mind that can counteract impulses

Even if the Romanian Hybrids had experiences and instincts, as Steven Pinker says “even if people did have impulses towards selfishness or greed, that’s not the only thing in the skull, and there are other parts of the mind that can counteract them.” e.g. the mind parts Adam brought to the Earth.

Mind parts like the frontal lobe. that control other parts of the mind. This reminds me about DNA replicator inhibitors. Were parts of DNA control other parts of DNA.
A uquestion of mine is now,

Was the Romanian Hybrid Homo sapiens
Blanc slate located in the frontal lobe?

parts of the brain imageImage source: https://www.simplypsychology.org/perspective.html

The frontal lobe function “Carries out higher mental processes such as thinking, decision making, and planning?” (Source: http://brainmadesimple.com/frontal-lobe.html )
The frontal lobe can as we know, control instinctual behaviors like ” eating, drinking, sex, anger, and reproduction.”.

“The hypothalamus controls hormone secretions from the nearby pituitary gland. These hormones govern growth and instinctual behavior such as eating, drinking, sex, anger, and reproduction.”)

(Source: http://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/health-and-human-body/human-body/brain/ )

 

 

 

Solo le pido a Dios

Looking back in my music library I found Mercedes Sosa “Solo le pido a Dios”

 

Source: http://acordes.lacuerda.net/mercedes_sosa/solo_le_pido_a_dios-2.shtml

Solo le pido a Dios

Que el dolor no me sea indiferente,

Que la reseca Muerte no me encuentre
Vacia y sola sin haber hecho lo suficiente.

Solo le pido a Dios
Que lo injusto no me sea indiferente,
Que no me abofeteen la otra mejilla
Despues que una garra me araño esta suerte.

Solo le pido a Dios
Que la guerra no me sea indiferente,
Es un monstruo grande y pisa fuerte
Toda la pobre inocencia de la gente.

solo de Armonica

Solo le pido a Dios
Que el engaño no me sea indiferente
Si un traidor puede mas que unos cuantos,
Que esos cantos no lo olviden facilmente.

Solo le pido a Dios
Que el futuro no me sea indiferente,
Desahuciado esta el que tiene que marchar
A vivir una cultura diferente.

Never point out other peoples wrong behaviour in public.

Todays lecture at the catholic mass: (Matthew 18:15) “If your brother or sister sins, go and point out their fault, just between the two of you. If they listen to you, you have won them over.”
Source (English version at 18:15 http://www.biblestudytools.com/matthew/18.html)

The Swedish version does not talk about sin but about something bad. (“Om din broder har gjort dig någon orätt…“) That change makes the quote more useful, e.g. in the classroom.

A similar rule  is found in the Quran.

I stopped pointing out a students fault in public in the classroom many years ago.  
Not because  Jesus said that ( I did not know about this verse) but because I have learned that by experience.  by poinint out fqult in public I did not get the  results i wanted. It happened even that I lost a good contact with that pupil. And I also  interrupted my lesson and got my pupils to  talk and think  about other issues instead.

By waiting to after the lesson you can have a good dialog and let the alumni come to a good conclusion and maybe ask for pardon.

And you can help the pupil find strategies how to avoid to “sin” again.

I have learned that one should only give positive feedbacks and avoid negative ones.

Eg, never say “Your answer is wrong“.  beacause this gives you a silent class.
It is better to say “Very intresting, can you tell us how you came to this conclusion?” or maybe
“Very intresting answer. What do you comrades think about ____’s answer? Do you agree about that answer?” By doing this you get a dialog in the classroom.

 

What is a dialog?

In the  documentary (thwe meaning of life) with Stefan Einhorn they talked about the  filosopher Martin Buber and his principle of dialog.

Image result for i and thou martin buberWe wrote in Kidlink a few years ago about this issue as the goal for Kidlink is to achieve and promote a global dialog among youth. We wrote the text below:

Why a dialog?

We think that a dialog may contribute to foster:

  • Critical thinking skills – Analyzing peer and media influences, attitudes, values, social norms and beliefs and factors affecting these
  • Decision and problem solving skills – Information gathering skills. Evaluation of future consequences of present actions for self and others. Determining alternative solutions to problems. Reflective thinking about the effectiveness of choices. Analysis skills regarding the influence of values and attitudes of self and others on motivation.
  • Negotiation/refusal skills – Learn to convince, and conflict resolution. Assertiveness skills. Refusal skills.
  • Cooperation and Teamwork skills – Expressing respect for others’ contributions and different styles. Assessing one’s own abilities and contribution to the group. Sharing ideas, accepting differences, following directions, staying on task, recording ideas.
  • Interpersonal communication skills – Expressing feelings; giving feedback – without blaiming, and dialogueing to understand. Answering in own words, in own pictures, or a combination of words or pictures, so that their message comes loud and clear.
  • Self-validation – Reviewing thoughts, beliefs, and perceptions, and recognizing that they may be different from another’s perceptions, and accepting that multiple views can still be valid.
  • Advocacy Skills – Influencing skills and persuasion. Networking and motivating.
  • Empathy – The ability to feel what another person feels. 

Source:   https://www.kidlink.org/drupal/dialog

 

Read more